“A world without nuclear weapons is a long-term goal which we need to start working towards right now. It is possible that at some point in the future...

The immense majority of countries and peoples stand for a nuclear-weapons-free world. The Russian Federation shares this noble goal.

Prime Minister of...


Since Barack Obama administration took office in 2009, it has put considerable effort into placing nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation at the center of the U.S. nuclear policy. In April 2009 in Prague American president delivered a speech where he called for complete elimination of nuclear weap...

Various ideas for establishing a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East were first voiced in the early 1960s. Nevertheless, negotiations on establishing a WMD-free zone in the region remain very far from conclusion. The establishment of a WMD-free zone in the Middle East was part of the 1995 N...

NATO leaders and then-President Medvedev agreed in November 2010 to seek to develop a cooperative NATO-Russia missile defense. Over the past two years, however, the sides have been unable to agree upon a formula for such an arrangement, and missile defense is becoming a contentious issue on the U.S....

Dear Tom,

It is a pleasure to have the chance to correspond with you, and I am grateful to the Security Index for this exchange. I am looking forward to hearing your thoughts on whether a policy of nuclear disarmament is appropriate within the current international security climate.

For my part, I a...

Seminar "The future of the US-Russian dialogue on nuclear arms control and results of the 3rd PrepCom to the 2010 NPT Review Conference" 28.05.2009

On May 28, 2009 in National  Hotel in Moscow PIR Center organized a seminar devoted to the future of the US-Russian dialogue on nuclear arms control, as well as to the results of the 3rd PrepCom to the 2010 NPT Review Conference. The seminar was organized within the framework of the “Ways Towards Nuclear Disarmament” Project implemented by PIR Center in the Partnership with the Nuclear Threat Initiative (NTI).

Joseph Cirincione, President of the Ploughshares Fund, prominent expert on missile defenses and missile nonproliferation consulting the US leadership on nonproliferation and arms control issues, shared his vision of the US-Russian nuclear disarmament dialogue with the participants of the seminar. Vladimir Orlov, President of the PIR Center, Editor-in-Chief of the Security Index journal, member of the Russian delegation at the 2009 PrepCom, made presentation on the results of the 3rd PrepCom to the 2010 NPT Review Conference.

Contrasting the policies of the US previous and incumbent administrations, Joseph Cirincione emphasized, “The fact the strategy of the previous administration for preventing nuclear proliferation, the so called Bush doctrine, failed to lower the nuclear threat and in some cases merely aggravated the existing problems has received a wide recognition. The Bush policy was based on the premise the direst threat arises from a combination of terrorism, rogue-states and weapons of mass destruction. The offered solution to this problem was a direct military actions aimed at overthrowing adversarial regimes without waiting for the threat to fully materialize.”

Today, the US administration is aimed at a constructive dialogue on disarmament issues with Russia. It is proved by the Joint statement of the US and Russian Presidents on April 1, 2009, Barack Obama's Prague speech and the launched negotiations on a START I follow-up agreement.

Speaking about future of the US-Russian disarmament dialogue, Joseph Cirincione pointed out some existing obstacles:

  • Global economic crisis provides a complicated background for the implementation of the ambitious plans of the new US administration. Further deterioration of the economic situation can drive all reform initiatives out of the agenda, including those in the nuclear policy.
  • It is necessary to overcome resistance of the nuclear policy hardliners who are financially or ideologically interested in maintaining status quo in this field.
  • The absence of a unified position in the administration itself. An increase in tensions between the supporters of the Obama's vision of a nuclear weapons free world and those who do not believe in a possibility of the elimination of nuclear weapons and reversal of nuclear proliferation can be expected.
  • Cynicism is the most serious problem because it is usual for many experts and observers in the mass media.

“The reaction of the US mass media to the Obama's speech in Prague on April 5, 2009 was rather skeptical. Several commentators accused Barack Obama of being naïve, while some were even harsher,” President of the Ploughshares Fund noted.

PIR Center's President Vladimir Orlov told the participants of the seminar about the results of the 3rd session of the PrepCom to the 2010 NPT Review Conference. “I think that the PrepCom was quite successful and it established a good basis for a constructive dialogue during the 2010 NPT Review Conference. Neither the United States nor Russia can let it fail. Both the United States and Russia by their recent steps emphasize that they are aimed at a positive outcome of the 2010 RevCon, including in the implementation of the NPT Article VI devoted to disarmament,” – Vladimir Orlov pointed out.

On the same day, PIR Center held a press conference at the RIA Novosti news agency where Joseph Cirincione and Vladimir Orlov answered questions from the journalists. Undoubtedly, the most pressing topic was the situation on Korean peninsula. The second nuclear test conducted by North Korea on May 25, 2009 gave a hard blow to the US and Russian disarmament initiatives.

“The most serious challenges for the nonproliferation regime come from Iran and North Korea. Their achievements in the nuclear field pose a serious threat to the security of the neighboring states and for the entire cause for nonproliferation. The main threat comes not from a possibility of the use of nuclear weapons by Iran or North Korea – a retaliatory strike will make such a step suicidal. The threat comes from the regional instability provoked by Iranian and North Korean nuclear programs and efforts of the neighboring states to develop their own means of deterrence,” Joseph Cirincione told the journalists.

The presentation of Joseph Cirincone will be published in one of the upcoming issues of the Security Index journal.

Materials from the previous seminars and round tables, as well as publications on disarmament issues can be found on PIR Center's website in the section devoted to “Ways Towards Nuclear Disarmament” Projec

Here you can also find various documents, analysis and the most recent news on these issues.