Articles

Interview with Evgeny Buzhinskiy, a retired Russian lieutenant-general, Ph.D. Military Sciences, chairman of the Executive Board of PIR Center, about the first successful test of the new intercontinental ballistic missile RS-28 Sarmat on April 20 from the Plesetsk Cosmodrome.

 

Yesterday Russia tes...

Interview with Evgeny Buzhinskiy, a retired Russian lieutenant-general, Ph.D. Military Sciences, chairman of the Executive Board of PIR Center, about the first combat use by Russia of the Kinzhal hypersonic missile at the ammunition depot of the Ukrainian army in Ivano-Frankivsk Oblast.

 

For what ...

PIR Center conducted an interview with Nikolay Spassky, Deputy General Director-Director of the International Activities Unit of the state Corporation Rosatom. We discussed aspects of Russian-Iranian cooperation in the framework of the JCPOA negotiations, as well as the prospects and priorities of ...

For nearly a week, for the first time in nuclear history armed conflict has been underway in a country with operational nuclear power plants, thus creating the potential for catastrophic damage to these nuclear facilities with the real risk of radioactive contamination that could easily be transpor...

Russia’s nonproliferation policy and global strategic stability image

The virtual summit between Presidents Putin and Biden of December 7, 2021, did not address strategic stability and nonproliferation issues in detail as both presidents concentrated on Ukraine-related topics. Yet, strategic stability dialogue and prevention of proliferation of nuclear weapons remain ...

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PIR Center Executive Board

Buzhinskiy, Evgeny P. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Chairman of the Executive Board
Expertise :
Political and military aspects of international security
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Military cooperation
Russia-NATO relations
START Treaty
Missile Defense
Military Use of the Outer Space
European security
Biography :

Lieutenant-General (Retired), Ph.D. Military Sciences. In the Armed Services since 1968. Graduated from the Military Institute of Foreign Languages, M.V. Frunze Military academy. 1976-1992 – served in different positions in the General Staff of the USSR and Russian Federation. From 1992 to 2002 – served in positions of: Senior Officer, Deputy Head of Direction, Head of Direction, Deputy Head of Department, Head of the International Treaties Department of  the Russian Ministry of Defense. Promoted to the rank of Major-General in 2000, to the rank of Lt.-General – in 2003. In 2002 he was appointed on the position of Head of the International Treaties Department – Deputy Head of the Main Directorate of International Military Cooperation of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense. Retired from active duty in 2009. In 2009-2017 - PIR Center Consultant, then Senior vice-president. PIR Center's Chairman of the Executive Board since 2014. From 2016 – Associate professor and Head of Center for Applied Political-Military Research of School of World Politics, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University.  Deputy CEO of "Vega Radio Engineering Corporation" from  2009 to 2018. Vice-President of Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC).  Expertise: arms control, political and military aspects of international security, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, military use of the outer space, Russia-NATO, Russia-U.S., Russia-China relations. 10/20

Bibliography

Evgeny P. Buzhinsky celebrates his 70th birthday

 

Chernenko Elena Vladimirovna image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Special correspondent, Kommersant Publishing House; Co-Chair of the Trialogue Club International.
Expertise :
Cyber security
Arms control
Biography :

Elena graduated from Moscow State University in 2005 and later went on to get her Ph.D. in History. In journalism since 2003. She worked as a correspondent for the Germany desk and as a radio broadcast host for the Russian government’s radio broadcasting service Voice of Russia. She has also been a correspondent for the newspaper Moskauer Deutsche Zeitung, the wire service EurActiv, and the magazine Russian Newsweek. Elena’s professional interests include cyber security and diplomacy, arms control and disarmament, and Russian foreign policy in general. She speaks Russian, English and German. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2013. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance since 2012. Member of the Executive Board of the PIR Center. Member of the Board of the Council on Foreign and Defense Relations (SVOP). 


Kozyulin, Vadim B. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant, "Global & Regional Security: New ideas for Russia" Program
Expertise :
Russia-NATO relations
Central Asia
Illegal arms traffic
Military-technical cooperation between Russia and other countries
Cyber security
Arms control
Biography :

In 1990, he graduated from MGIMO University. He worked in the Foreign Ministry of the USSR/Russia, in the Moscow News newspaper. In 2000-2002, he studied Management in the Military-Technical Cooperation course at the Russian Foreign Trade Academy.  Since 1994 he is a Research Fellow at the PIR Center. Head of the Center for Global Studies & International Organizations of the Institute for Contemporary International Studies of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. He is a Member of the Expert Council on the International Humanitarian Law of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, participant of the International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons Systems (IPRAW), participant of the Russian-American Dartmouth dialogue. He has more than 300 publications on international security issues. His research interests include military artificial intelligence, new weapons systems, arms control, Russia's military-technical cooperation with foreign states, strategic stability, Russia-US and Russia-NATO relations, Central Asia and Afghanistan, and illicit arms trade. 09/20

Maslin, Evgeny P. (1937–2022) image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center Executive Board member, Consultant ANO ASPECT-CONVERSION
Biography :

Colonel General (Ret.), one of the founders of Russia's programs for international cooperation in the dismantlement of surplus armaments, an accomplishment recognized by the award of several government honors, including the Order of the Red Star, Order for Service to the Fatherland, and many medals. A leading expert on nuclear security, nuclear weapons reductions, and verification mechanisms. Laureate of the Russian State Prize. Worked in USSR/Russian Ministry of Defense organizations for more than 40 years, including from 1992-1997 as head of the Russian Ministry of Defense 12th Main Directorate, which is responsible for the security of nuclear munitions. Author of many publications in Russian and English, including articles on nuclear security, the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, and nuclear nonproliferation. He was awarded the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Courage.

He was born on May 20, 1937, in the village of Novotomnikovo, Morshansky district, Tambov region. He graduated from an elementary four-grade school in Voronezh, a seven-year school, and a secondary school in 1954.

Evgeny Petrovich had served in the Soviet Army since 1954. Graduated from the Military Academy of Communications named after S. M. Budyonny (Leningrad) in 1959. Since 1959, he served in the units of the 12th Main Directorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense (responsible for the operation, storage, maintenance, transportation and disposal of nuclear ammunition): military engineer, head of the group, head of the department, since 1979 - chief engineer of the compound (Vologda region), since 1981 - commander of the compound (Vologda). Graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 1993.

Since April 1989 - First Deputy Head of the 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. Since July 16, 1992 - Head of the 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The period of service in these leadership positions fell at the time of the collapse of the USSR. General Maslin ensured the export of nuclear ammunition and top-secret equipment to Russia, first from the countries of Eastern Europe, and then from the former Soviet Union republics that became independent states. An active participant in negotiations with the United States on security, arms reduction and mutual control of nuclear weapons.

Since 1997, Evgeny Petrovich has retired. However, he continued to be active, was a major expert in the field of nuclear weapons safety and in matters of their safe disposal. Author of a large number of publications on these issues. Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.

Evgeny Petrovich's acquaintance with the PIR Center was curious — it was not Maslin who found PIR Center, but PIR Center in the person of the director, Vladimir Orlov, found Evgeny Petrovich: "I wasn't going to work at all after a very hard service and just enjoyed the rest. He called me, and we walked around Petrovsky Park for a long time, in general, he charmed me. That's how I ended up at PIR Center. General Maslin worked as a senior advisor to PIR Center, then as a PIR Center Executive Board member. He remained a member of the Board - the highest body of our organization - until the last day of his life.

In 2002, U.S. Senators Sam Nunn and Richard Lugar awarded him the Medal for Services in the field of WMD proliferation threat reduction and contribution to the development of the Joint Threat Reduction Program (Nunn-Lugar Program). 

Thanks to his experience, Colonel General Maslin had always played an important role in improving the effectiveness of the physical protection of the nuclear arsenal of the Russian Federation. Evgeny Petrovich was also actively engaged in teaching, giving lectures and reports to students, young specialists, military and diplomats in Moscow, Geneva, Washington, etc.

He was also actively engaged in public activities: a member of the Boards of the Club of Business People, a member of the Board of the Vologda Community, president of the H. S. Ledentsov Rodnik Foundation.

In April of 2017, Evgeny Maslin gave a speech during the debates “Will the world be safer without nuclear weapons?”, which were part of the seventeenth International School on global security, organized by PIR Center. After having heard both debating sides, Colonel General Maslin shared his own view: “Will the world be more secure without nuclear weapons? First, we need to understand what is “safer”, and what is “world”. For example, in the case of the nuclear war, will the penguins in Antarctica suffer? Of course, they will. Therefore, if we think of the world in terms of the whole planet, then it is high time for humankind to stop threatening each other (with nuclear weapons as well) and start dealing with universal problems. However, in the current situation the world would not be any safer, this is my deepest conviction”.

Evgeny Maslin commented his speeches in the following way: “Whenever I give a presentation on some conferences, I always start with the following: “Dear Ladies and Gentlemen! I would like to say, that first of all am a practitioner. So, I apologize for the fact that my expressions or my views would be slightly different from the generally accepted in the scientific world. Because everything about the nuclear security I know not from the books, but from my own experience”. In his interaction with young specialists at the School Colonel General Maslin also drew on his rich practical experience, which is simply priceless for the new generation of experts.

Evgeny Maslin also participated in the round table “What kind of world does Russia need, and what kind of Russia does the world need?”. His views on the issue Colonel General Maslin expressed in the following way: “Patriotism — is not so much praising and admiration of one’s Motherland, but rather an aspiration to make it better, not so many right words and considerations, but rather right deeds. Right actions of everyone on one’s own place. To raise the children as decent people, give them education, prepare for the responsible life — that is patriotism”.

In an interview in 2014, "The meaning of life is to live" (in Russian) Evgeny Maslin told PIR Center about himself and his life, advised how a senior lieutenant should cope with the post of lieutenant colonel, shared how knowledge of Kipling and Yevtushenko helps in negotiations with the Americans and explained whether it is worth shooting down asteroids with nuclear charges.

The last text prepared by Evgeny Petrovich was an understanding of the Russian-American dialogue on nuclear nonproliferation, which he made at the request of PIR Center: "If young people on both sides of the Bering Strait are thinking about how we can straighten Russian-American relations, not everything is lost," he writes. This text in Russian and English is being published today for the first time, and the book where it is published still smells of printing ink.

To preserve the memory of Evgeny Petrovich Maslin and to honor the talented statesman, PIR Center placed on its website a Colonel General Evgeny P. Maslin Memory Gallery.

Mau, Vladimir A. image
Affiliation : Rector of the Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration.
Biography :

Doctor of Economics. Member of the Board of Directors of the Gazprom company. Doctor of Economics, Professor. Recognized by the Russian Federation as an economist of distinction. Participated in the drafting and realization of economic reforms in Russia, holding a variety of government posts. Served as an advisor to the Russian prime minister in 1992-1993, and from 1997-2002 headed the Russian government's Working Center for Economic Reform. Currently a member of the Presidential Council on Science, Technology, and Education. Author of over 20 monographs, books, and learning aids and more than 400 brochures, academic articles, and popular essays. Academic interests include political economy, history of Russian economic thought and economic reforms, economic policy history and theory, and comparative analysis of economic policy.

Orlov, Vladimir A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Founder & Director
Biography :

Current positions:

- Founder & Director, PIR Center

- President, Trialogue Club International

Professor, Moscow State University of International Relations (MGIMO University)

- Co-Founder & Academic Supervisor, International Dual Degree MA Program in Nonproliferation & Global Security Studies, MGIMO University

 

Biography in brief:

Dr. Orlov is an expert in international security and Russia’s foreign policy. His areas of research include major threats and challenges to international security, primarily, nuclear nonproliferation.

In 1994, Dr. Orlov founded PIR Center, a private think tank dealing with international security and Russia’s foreign policy issues, now a leading Russian and international research and publishing nongovernmental organization in this area. Dr. Orlov is currently PIR Center’s Director; member of its Executive Board; and Director of the Center’s Nonproliferation and Russia Program.

In 1994, Dr. Orlov launched the first Russian journal on nonproliferation issues, Yaderny Kontrol (Nuclear Control). In 2007 the journal was developed into Security Index (Indeks Bezopasnosti), with both Russian and global (English-language) editions. Altogether, 112 issues of the journal were produced with Dr. Orlov’s leadership as its editor-in-chief. Currently, Security Index continues as Occasional Paper Series, with Sr. Orlov as its Editor.

In 1994 and later during 1999-2002, Dr. Orlov, while continuing his work in Moscow, was a Visiting Scholar and Senior Research Associate at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies in Monterey, California. In 2001-2002, the U.N. Secretary-General appointed Dr. Orlov as a U.N. consultant on disarmament and nonproliferation education. In 2004, Dr. Orlov became a professor at the Geneva Centre for Security Policy (GCSP), a position he kept until 2008, when he decided to concentrate on the development of Center russe d’études politiques in Geneva, an association which he led for twelve years (2006-2018).

Since 1995, Dr. Orlov took part in the work of all NPT Review Conferences. Since 2010, as a member of the Russian delegation, he has been participated at the NPT Review Conferences (2010, 2015) and the sessions of the Preparatory Committee for Review Conferences.

Starting 2008, Dr. Orlov has been working on the concept of BRIC, later BRICS, and its development, particularly on its peace and security basket. He is a member of the Russian National Committee for BRICS Studies Research Council and participated in several BRICS Academic Forums.

Since 2014, Dr. Orlov is the Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry.

Dr. Orlov is President of the Trialogue Club International, which he founded in 1993.

Dr. Orlov participates in the activity of several international centers and groups in the sphere of international security. He is a member of the Russian Council of Foreign and Defense Policy; of the International Nuclear Energy Academy (INEA); and of the Washington Quarterly Editorial Board (since 2005). Dr. Orlov served as a member of the Global Agenda Council on Nuclear Security at the World Economic Forum (2014-2016); and of the Advisory Board of the Government of the Russian Federation (2014-2019). For four years (2015-2018) Dr. Orlov served at the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters.

In 2018, Dr. Orlov was awarded a medal “For the contribution to the international cooperation” of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

Dr. Orlov is constantly engaged in teaching and educational activities, giving lectures and expert comments on Russian foreign policy and on nuclear nonproliferation within Russia and abroad. His initiative culminated in establishment (in 2016) of the International Dual Degree MA Program in Nonproliferation and Global Security Studies – a joint project by the Moscow State Institute of International Affairs (MGIMO University), Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and PIR Center. Currently he serves as academic supervisor of the program. Dr. Orlov is Professor at MGIMO University. He is executive editor and co-author of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Textbook in two volumes.

Dr. Orlov is author of more than a dozen books and monographs and more than three hundred research papers, articles, and essays. He publishes his views in Russian and foreign periodicals including International Affairs (Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn’), Russia in Global Affairs, Security Index, and the Washington Quarterly. He runs a column at Kommersant, a leading Russian policy daily newspaper as well he regularly addresses Russian TV audience at the Great Game TV show of the Russian Channel 1.

Dr. Orlov speaks English and Spanish. His hobbies include Russian classical literature, theatre, hiking in the mountains, and bicycle touring in the tropics. He is a passionate world traveler. Together with his wife Tatyana, he crossed 16,000 km by car across Russia towards lake Baikal, around it, and back, also crossed the United States by car from the Atlantic to the Pacific, hiked in western Madagascar, explored eastern Bhutan, took a canoe trip into Venezuelan rainforest, reconstructed Count Alexander Suvorov’s 1799 Alpine Crossing of Switzerland, and recently completed round-the-world trip visiting over 30 remote islands and archipelagos of which he is currently writing his new book.

Dr. Orlov’s is on Twitter (Orlov_pircenter) on professional matters (in English), and on Facebook (VladimirAOrloff) as well as on his own web site Orlov.Vladimir.ru, mostly in Russian, with a mix of his professional expertise and travel-related experiences.

Full bio

Bibliography

Soldatkina, Lubov A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : All-Russian People’s Front
Position : Head of the Direction of Expertise, Analysis and National purposes realization control services
Biography :

Born in Tolyatti, Samara region. Graduated from Tolyatti State University with distinction with a degree in civil engineering. Graduated from Plekhanov Russian University of Economics, Master of management in tourism and sports industries. Completed refresher courses in urban planning of the Moscow Architectural Institute and refresher courses in the methodology of design of the Saint Petersburg State University.  Participant of various education programs in media, art, and design industries. All-Russian People’s Front (ONF by Russian acronym) employee since foundation. Initiator and ideologist of creation of ONF platform “People’s control”.  Expert and councilor of various ONF projects and non-commercial social impact projects. Founder of the non-commercial organization “Art-Formula” designed to support creative initiatives. Initiator of “Vision of Future” essay contest and “Election day” poster contest and jury member of various creative contests. Achievements and awards: Gratitude of the President of the Russian Federation. She was also Assistant to the President of the PIR Center (2009-2010).

Stepanova, Ekaterina A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences
Position : Head of the Peace and Conflict Studies Unit
Biography :

Ph.D in Political Science, head of the Group on peace and conflict studies and leading research associate at the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO), RAS. Specializes on armed conflicts and conflict management research, terrorism, other types of collective violence, ideological extremism, political economy of conflicts, and network structures. In 2007-2009 was Leader of the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) Armed Conflicts and Conflict Management Project. Author of 180 scientific papers in ten languages, six monographs, including "Terrorism in Asymmetrical Conflict" (Oxford Univ. Press, 2008). Her book “The Role of Illicit Drug Business in the Political Economy of Conflicts and Terrorism” (Moscow, 2005) has won the medal for young scientists from the Russian Academy of Sciences. Serves on editorial boards of the following journals: "Global Governence", "Terrorism and Political Violence" (St Andrews Univesity, UK), "The International Journal on Conflict and Violence", "Security Index" (PIR Center), and "The road to peace and security". Gives lectures for the international programs at the European University in St. Petersburg (EUSP) and Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration (RANEPA). Member of the PIR Center Executive Board member, the Academic Council on the United Nations System, the Russian-American expert group on Afghan drug trafficking, and the expert and methodological group Global Peace Index. Personal web-page: http://www.estepanova.net/

Trubnikov, Vyacheslav I. (1944-2022) image
Affiliation : Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Russian Academy of Sciences
Position : Executive Board member, Honorary Member of the Trialogue Club International
Biography :

General of the Army, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Hero of the Russian Federation. In 1967 graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations with the Diploma of referent for Eastern countries. Since 1973 Member of the Russian Union of Journalists. Director of the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service in 1996-2000. First Deputy of the Minister of Foreign Affairs and Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in CIS countries in 2000-2004. Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to India in 2004-2009. PIR Center Executive Board member since 2014 and Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2012.

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