Articles

The editors decided to shift the focus a little from the problems of nuclear nonproliferation and arms control and talk about people. Nikita Degtyarev, PIR Center Information & Publications Program Coordinator, interviewed Sarah Bidgood, Director of the Eurasia Nonproliferation Program at the James ...

On June 2nd President Putin signed an executive order, which approved the Basic Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation on Nuclear Deterrence. Even without considering the contents of the “Basic Principles”, it would not be an exaggeration to say that it is a development of major import...

Introduction

Terrorism has been a threat to Russia since the 19th century. Taking on different forms – from the revolutionary Narodnaya Volya to national separatism with an infusion of Wahhabism in Chechnya to jihadist semi-criminal groups of North Caucasus – it has arguably influenced the pace and ...

How to prevent placement of weapons in Outer Space: challenges and solutions (Russian priorities) image

Recently, the threats of weaponization of outer space have been increasingly backed by both the doctrinal documents of several countries, first of all the United States, and the material content, which in turn is being formed through organizational measures, as well as improving military technical c...

The Middle East remains one of the zones of high tension and instability in the contemporary world. Today, new challenges – e.g., international terrorism, the crises in Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, and Syria – are adding to the old and deeply rooted problems created by the Arab-Israeli conflict. The un...

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Experts

Buzhinskiy, Evgeny P. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Chairman of the Executive Board, PIR Center; Co-Chair of the Trialogue Club International.
Expertise :
Political and military aspects of international security
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Military cooperation
Russia-NATO relations
START Treaty
Missile Defense
Military Use of the Outer Space
European security
Biography :

Lieutenant-General (Retired), Ph.D. Military Sciences. In the Armed Services since 1968. Graduated from the Military Institute of Foreign Languages, M.V. Frunze Military academy. 1976-1992 – served in different positions in the General Staff of the USSR and RF . From 1992 to 2002 – served in positions of: Senior Officer, Deputy Head of Direction, Head of Direction, Deputy Head of Department, Head of the International Treaties Department of  the Russian Ministry of Defense. Promoted to the rank of Major-General in 2000, to the rank of Lt.-General – in 2003. In 2002 he was appointed on the position of Head of the International Treaties Department – Deputy Head of the Main Directorate of International Military Cooperation of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense. Retired from active duty in 2009. In 2009-2017 - PIR Center Consultant, then Senior vice-president. PIR Center's Chairman of the Executive Board since 2014. From 2016 – leading research fellow and Head of Center for Applied Political-Military Research of School of World Politics, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University.  Deputy CEO of "Vega Radio Engineering Corporation" from  2009 to 2018. Vice-President of Russian International Affairs Council (RIAC).  Expertise: arms control, political and military aspects of international security, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, military use of the outer space, Russia-NATO, Russia-U.S., Russia-China relations.

Bibliography

Evgeny P. Buzhinsky celebrates his 70th birthday

 

Cirincione, Joseph image
City : Washington D.C.
Affiliation : President, Ploughshares Fund
Biography :

President of the Ploughshares Fund. Cirincione had previously served as Vice President for National Security and International Policy at the Center for American Progress in Washington, DC, and for eight years as the director for nonproliferation at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is the author of Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons (2007) and Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats (2006). He is on the adjunct faculty of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, where he teaches in the Master of Science in Foreign Service Program, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He has written over 200 articles on defense issues, produced two DVDs on proliferation, appears frequently in the media, and has given over 150 lectures around the world in the past two years. He is the author of Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons (Columbia University Press, Spring 2007). He is the co-author of Contain and Engage: A New Strategy for Resolving the Iranian Nuclear Crisis (March 2007), two editions of Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats (2005 and 2002), Universal Compliance: A Strategy for Nuclear Security (March 2005) and WMD in Iraq, (January 2004). He has held positions at the Henry L. Stimson Center, the U.S. Information Agency, and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is an honors graduate of Boston College and holds a Masters of Science with highest honors from the Georgetown School of Foreign Service. He is happily married with two children. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.


Elleman Michael image
Affiliation : Senior Research Associate, The International Institute for Strategic Studies - US (IISS-US)
Biography :

Mr. Elleman currently leads a team of experts from the U.S., Russia and Europe preparing a joint assessment of the missile threat to Europe (including Russia) and potentially North America that may be posed by Iran's missile development program. Before joining the IISS, Mr. Elleman spent five years at Booz Allen Hamilton, a U.S. consulting firm, where he supported the implementation of Cooperative Threat Reduction programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense and the Department of Energy. He also provided weapons proliferation analyses to the Advanced Systems and Concepts Office (ASCO) at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Previously, he spent 18 months at the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) as a missile expert for weapons inspection missions in Iraq. Prior to joining the UN, he spent two decades as a scientist as Lockheed Martin's Research and Development Laboratory, where his activities focused on solid propellants, weapons elimination technologies, nuclear effects and special materials research. From 1995 to 2001, he led a Cooperative Threat Reduction program in Russia, aimed at dismantling obsolete long-range missiles. He is a graduate of physics from the University of California, Berkeley. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Fedorov, Yuri image
City : Rome, Italy
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : PIR Center Executive Board Member and Security Index Editorial Board Member
Biography :

Candidate of History, Professor. Member of the Czech Association of International Affairs, Professor of the Metropolitan University Prague. Erlier was an Associated Fellow in Royal Institute of International Affairs (also known as Chatham House, United Kingdom). Leading expert on international security issues, including energy security and arms control. His name and numerous publications on strategic armaments, tactical nuclear weapons, anti-missile defense, and missile warning systems are well known both in Russia and abroad. Headed the team of authors and wrote several chapters in the UNDP's annual Human Development Reports for the Russian Federation. Professor at MGIMO. Also worked at King's College in London, doing research and teaching within the Program on Post-Communist Security Studies. PIR Center Board Member and Security Index Editorial Board Member.

Gankin Leonid E. image
Affiliation : Head of Foreign Affairs Section, Kommersant Daily (2006-2011)
Biography :

Leonid E. Gankin was born on December 7, 1955, Moscow. He graduated from the Institute of Asian and African Studies (Moscow State University). In 1981 he completed a postgraduate course at the same university. Leonid Gankin has PhD in Philology. He worked in the Soviet Culture Center in Kampala (Uganda), Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences. He is the author of over 40 publications on history, culture and languages of Africa. Since the mid-1990s he has worked as a journalist. In 1995 he started in the Moscow News. Between 1997 and 2011 he worked with the Kommersant Daily. 

Hoffman David image
Affiliation : Journalist
Biography :

David Hoffman is Contributing Editor at the Washington Post and has been a journalist for more than 30 years. He recently published his second book, The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and its Dangerous Legacy. He is a winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 2010. Mr. Hoffman came to Washington in 1977 to cover Congress, and later served as the Washington correspondent for the San Jose Mercury-News. He covered Ronald Reagan's campaign for the presidency in 1980, and was national economics correspondent for Knight-Ridder Newspapers. In 1982, he joined The Washington Post to cover the Reagan presidency. As a White House correspondent, he covered the major U.S.-Soviet summits of the Reagan years, including Geneva and Reykjavik, as well as domestic policy and politics. After Reagan left office, he covered the George H. W. Bush presidency. Later, he was diplomatic correspondent at the time the Soviet Union collapsed, and then served as Jerusalem correspondent, covering the Oslo peace accords. From 1995 to 2001, he served as Moscow bureau chief. His first book, based on reporting in Moscow, was The Oligarchs: Wealth and Power in the New Russia. On returning to Washington in 2001, Mr. Hoffman was named Foreign Editor and then Assistant Managing Editor for foreign news, managing the Post's foreign service, until 2009. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Holloway David image
Affiliation : Board of Directors, Ploughshares Fund
Biography :

David Holloway is the Raymond A. Spruance Professor of International History, a professor of political science, and a Freeman Spogli Institute (FSI) senior fellow at Stanford University. He was co-director of Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) from 1991 to 1997, and director of FSI from 1998 to 2003. Dr. Holloway's research focuses on the international history of nuclear weapons, on science and technology in the Soviet Union, and on the relationship between international history and international relations theory. His book, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956, was chosen by the New York Times Book Review as one of the 11 best books of 1994, and it won the Vucinich and Shulman prizes of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. It has been translated into six languages, most recently into Czech in 2008. Dr. Holloway also wrote The Soviet Union and the Arms Race (1983) and co-authored The Reagan Strategic Defense Initiative: Technical, Political and Arms Control Assessment (1984). He has contributed to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Foreign Affairs, and other scholarly journals. Before coming to Stanford, Dr. Holloway taught at the University of Lancaster (1967-1970) and the University of Edinburgh (1970-1986). Born in Dublin, Ireland, he received his undergraduate degree in modern languages and literature, and his PhD in social and political sciences, both from Cambridge University.Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Lysenko, Mikhail N. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (retired), Associate Professor, International Law Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Position : Associate Professor
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. From 2008 to 2014 Mikhail Lysenko was Head of International Relations Department at Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation. Previously, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the New Zealand (2004-2008). In 2000-2004 held the position of Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament. Was in diplomatic service from 1977 to 2008, has worked at the Soviet Embassies and Russian Embassies in the U.S., Canada and the New Zealand. In 1977 he graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO). Candidate of Law. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.

Pifer Steven image
Affiliation : Senior Research Associate, Brookings Institution
Biography :

Steven Pifer is a senior fellow at the Brookings Center on the United States and Europe, where he focuses on arms control, Russia and Ukraine. He is also a senior adviser (non-resident) with the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). He has offered commentary regarding Russia, Ukraine and arms control issues on CNN, Fox News, CNBC, BBC, National Public Radio and VOA, and his articles have appeared in the Washington Post, International Herald Tribune and Boston Globe, among others. A retired Foreign Service Officer, his more than 25 years with the State Department focused on U.S. relations with the former Soviet Union and Europe, as well as arms control and security issues. He served as deputy assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs with responsibilities for Russia and Ukraine (2001-2004), U.S. ambassador to Ukraine (1998-2000), and special assistant to the president and senior director for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia on the National Security Council (1996-1997). In addition to Ukraine, he served at the U.S. embassies in Warsaw, Moscow and London as well as with the U.S. delegation to the negotiation on intermediate-range nuclear forces in Geneva. Ambassador Pifer's recent publications include “Reversing the Decline: An Agenda for U.S.- Russian Relations in 2009,” Brookings paper (January 2009); “Averting Crisis in Ukraine,” Council on Foreign Relations special report (January 2009); and “Engaging Ukraine in 2009,” Brookings paper (March 2009) with Anders Aslund and Jonathan Elkind. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Richard Burt image
Affiliation : Co-chair of Global Zero
Biography :

Ambassador.

Satanovsky, Yevgeny Y. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : President, President, The Middle East Institute (MEI)
Biography :

Candidate of Economics, Advisory Board member Founder and President of ARIEL GROUP; President of the Institute for Middle East Studies; Vise-President of the Russian Jewish Congress (RJC); Member of the Russian Society of Friends of Arab States; Member of the Center for Oriental Literature of the Russian National Library; Author of the monographs: Israel in Contemporary World Politics: Probable Strategic Adversaries and Strategic Partners, 2001; The Economy of Israel in the 1990s, 1999; and more than 50 articles published between 1987 and the present in academic collections and periodicals in Russia, Israel, and the US. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2006.

Squassoni Sharon image
Affiliation : Director, Senior Research Associate, Proliferation Prevention Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Biography :

Prior to joining CSIS, Ms. Squassoni was a senior associate in the Nuclear Nonproliferation Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. From 2002-2007, Ms. Squassoni advised Congress as a senior specialist in weapons of mass destruction at the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Before joining CRS, she worked briefly as a reporter in the Washington bureau of Newsweek magazine. Ms. Squassoni also served in the executive branch of government from 1992 to 2001. Her last position was Director of Policy Coordination for the Nonproliferation Bureau at the State Department. She also served as a policy planner for the Political-Military Bureau at State. She began her career in the government as a nuclear safeguards expert in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. She is the recipient of various service awards and has published widely. She is a frequent commentator for U.S. and international media outlets. Ms. Squassoni received her B.A. in political science from the State University of New York at Albany, a Masters in Public Management from the University of Maryland, and a Masters in National Security Strategy from the National War College. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Vasiliev Victor image
City : Rome, Italy
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Plenipotentiary Representative, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to FAO and other UN Agencies
Biography :

In 1989-1993 served at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR (Russia). 1993-1997; 2000-2004  two terms in the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations in New York. Last position  Senior Counselor for political affairs (specialization on the Security Council). 2004-2007 — Deputy Director of the Department of International Organizations of the Russian Foreign Ministry. Participated as a member of the Soviet/Russian delegations at various international fora, including NPT Review Conferences in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010, the UN Disarmament Comission sessions, etc. 2005-2006  a governmental expert in the Group of Governmental Experts on verification in all its aspects. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group. Since September, 2013 — Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Federation Ministry of Foreign Affairs, since October. 2013 — Plenipotentiary Representative of the Russian Federation to the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Since April, 2018 — Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to FAO and other UN agencies in Rome.

Zevelev Igor A. image
Affiliation : Director, Moscow Office, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Biography :

Igor comes to the Foundation with strong academic credentials and varied experience as a scholar, teacher, and analyst of Russian politics, foreign policy, and international security. He holds a Doctor of Sciences degree in political science from the Institute of International Relations and World Economy (IMEMO) in Moscow, where he served as Deputy Director and Head of Department at the Center for Developing Countries. He has held visiting professorships at Macalester College, the University of California at Berkeley, San Jose State University, and the University of Washington, and taught for five years at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Garmisch, Germany. He has published five books and numerous articles. He comes to MacArthur after having served as Washington Bureau Chief for the RIA Novosti Russian News and Information Agency since 2009. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

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