Articles

Russia’s vision of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation issues remains in fact very conventional. It is pragmatic and realistic. We do not feel “constrained by traditional formats and diplomatic protocol”. On the contrary, we strongly believe that in many cases using proven formats and ke...

It was almost two decades ago, when I was brought a manuscript. It was entitled “Information challenges to national and international security”. International information security – or cybersecurity, to use the more popular but grossly oversimplified term – is now high on the agenda of global challe...

Amb. Vyacheslav Trubnikov

Summary of remarks by Amb. Vyacheslav Trubnikov

PIR Center International School of Global Security, 2019

 

We should not become preoccupied with military security to the exclusion of all else. The future security architecture should be viewed from all the numerous and often conflicting vantage point...

In 2019, the third session of the 2020 NPT Review Conference Preparatory Committee will take place in New York. Malaysian diplomat, Muhammad Shahrul Ikram Yaakob, was chosen to serve as its Chair. In its interview to PIR Center Consultant Andrey Baklitsky for Yaderny Kontrol (Nuclear Control) bullet...

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Experts

Buzhinskiy, Evgeny P. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Chairman of the Executive Board; Chairman of the "Trialogue" Club International
Expertise :
Political and military aspects of international security
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Military cooperation
Russia-NATO relations
START Treaty
Missile Defense
Military Use of the Outer Space
European security
Biography :

Lieutenant-General (Retired), Ph.D. Military Sciences. In the Armed Services since 1968. Graduated from the Military Institute, M.V. Frunze Military academy. 1976-1992 – served in different positions as officer of the General Staff. From 1992 to 2009 – served in positions of: Senior Officer, Deputy Head of Direction, Head of Direction, Deputy Head of Department, Head of Department of the International Treaty Directorate of the Main Department of International Military Cooperation of the Russian Ministry of Defense. In 2002 he was appointed on the position of Head of the International Treaty Directorate – Deputy Head of the Main Department of International Military Cooperation of the Russian Federation Ministry of Defense. In 2009-2015 - PIR Center Consultant, then Senior vice-president. PIR Center's Chairman of the Executive Board since 2014. Lecturer of International School on Global Security since 2010, lecturer of PIR Center and MGIMO University Joint Module “WMD Nonproliferation and International Security” since 2013. Vice President of Russian International Affairs Council. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group and PIR Center International Expert Group. 04/18

Cirincione, Joseph image
City : Washington D.C.
Affiliation : President, Ploughshares Fund
Biography :

President of the Ploughshares Fund. Cirincione had previously served as Vice President for National Security and International Policy at the Center for American Progress in Washington, DC, and for eight years as the director for nonproliferation at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is the author of Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons (2007) and Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats (2006). He is on the adjunct faculty of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, where he teaches in the Master of Science in Foreign Service Program, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He has written over 200 articles on defense issues, produced two DVDs on proliferation, appears frequently in the media, and has given over 150 lectures around the world in the past two years. He is the author of Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons (Columbia University Press, Spring 2007). He is the co-author of Contain and Engage: A New Strategy for Resolving the Iranian Nuclear Crisis (March 2007), two editions of Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats (2005 and 2002), Universal Compliance: A Strategy for Nuclear Security (March 2005) and WMD in Iraq, (January 2004). He has held positions at the Henry L. Stimson Center, the U.S. Information Agency, and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is an honors graduate of Boston College and holds a Masters of Science with highest honors from the Georgetown School of Foreign Service. He is happily married with two children. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.


Elleman Michael image
Affiliation : Senior Research Associate, The International Institute for Strategic Studies - US (IISS-US)
Biography :

Mr. Elleman currently leads a team of experts from the U.S., Russia and Europe preparing a joint assessment of the missile threat to Europe (including Russia) and potentially North America that may be posed by Iran's missile development program. Before joining the IISS, Mr. Elleman spent five years at Booz Allen Hamilton, a U.S. consulting firm, where he supported the implementation of Cooperative Threat Reduction programs sponsored by the U.S. Department of Defense and the Department of Energy. He also provided weapons proliferation analyses to the Advanced Systems and Concepts Office (ASCO) at the Defense Threat Reduction Agency (DTRA). Previously, he spent 18 months at the United Nations Monitoring, Verification and Inspection Commission (UNMOVIC) as a missile expert for weapons inspection missions in Iraq. Prior to joining the UN, he spent two decades as a scientist as Lockheed Martin's Research and Development Laboratory, where his activities focused on solid propellants, weapons elimination technologies, nuclear effects and special materials research. From 1995 to 2001, he led a Cooperative Threat Reduction program in Russia, aimed at dismantling obsolete long-range missiles. He is a graduate of physics from the University of California, Berkeley. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Gottemoeller, Rose image
City : Brussels, Belgium
Affiliation : Deputy Secretary General of NATO
Biography :

Rose Gottemoeller was sworn in as the Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, on April 6, 2009. She was the chief negotiator of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation. Since 2000, she had been with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She most recently was a senior associate in the Carnegie Russia & Eurasia Program in Washington, D.C., where she worked on U.S.–Russian relations and nuclear security and stability. She also served as the director of the Carnegie Moscow Center from January 2006 – December 2008. Before joining the Endowment in October 2000, Ms. Gottemoeller was deputy undersecretary for defense nuclear nonproliferation in the U.S. Department of Energy. Previously, she served as the department's assistant secretary for nonproliferation and national security, with responsibility for all nonproliferation cooperation with Russia and the Newly Independent States. In 1994-1997, deputy director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London, United Kingdom). In 1993-1994, director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs of the U.S. National Security Council. Research interests: nuclear nonproliferation and strategic security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 1994.

Hoffman David image
Affiliation : Journalist
Biography :

David Hoffman is Contributing Editor at the Washington Post and has been a journalist for more than 30 years. He recently published his second book, The Dead Hand: The Untold Story of the Cold War Arms Race and its Dangerous Legacy. He is a winner of the Pulitzer Prize in 2010. Mr. Hoffman came to Washington in 1977 to cover Congress, and later served as the Washington correspondent for the San Jose Mercury-News. He covered Ronald Reagan's campaign for the presidency in 1980, and was national economics correspondent for Knight-Ridder Newspapers. In 1982, he joined The Washington Post to cover the Reagan presidency. As a White House correspondent, he covered the major U.S.-Soviet summits of the Reagan years, including Geneva and Reykjavik, as well as domestic policy and politics. After Reagan left office, he covered the George H. W. Bush presidency. Later, he was diplomatic correspondent at the time the Soviet Union collapsed, and then served as Jerusalem correspondent, covering the Oslo peace accords. From 1995 to 2001, he served as Moscow bureau chief. His first book, based on reporting in Moscow, was The Oligarchs: Wealth and Power in the New Russia. On returning to Washington in 2001, Mr. Hoffman was named Foreign Editor and then Assistant Managing Editor for foreign news, managing the Post's foreign service, until 2009. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Holloway David image
Affiliation : Board of Directors, Ploughshares Fund
Biography :

David Holloway is the Raymond A. Spruance Professor of International History, a professor of political science, and a Freeman Spogli Institute (FSI) senior fellow at Stanford University. He was co-director of Center for International Security and Cooperation (CISAC) from 1991 to 1997, and director of FSI from 1998 to 2003. Dr. Holloway's research focuses on the international history of nuclear weapons, on science and technology in the Soviet Union, and on the relationship between international history and international relations theory. His book, Stalin and the Bomb: The Soviet Union and Atomic Energy, 1939-1956, was chosen by the New York Times Book Review as one of the 11 best books of 1994, and it won the Vucinich and Shulman prizes of the American Association for the Advancement of Slavic Studies. It has been translated into six languages, most recently into Czech in 2008. Dr. Holloway also wrote The Soviet Union and the Arms Race (1983) and co-authored The Reagan Strategic Defense Initiative: Technical, Political and Arms Control Assessment (1984). He has contributed to the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists, Foreign Affairs, and other scholarly journals. Before coming to Stanford, Dr. Holloway taught at the University of Lancaster (1967-1970) and the University of Edinburgh (1970-1986). Born in Dublin, Ireland, he received his undergraduate degree in modern languages and literature, and his PhD in social and political sciences, both from Cambridge University.Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Kislyak, Sergei I. image
City : Washington DC
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the USA
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Works at diplomatic service since 1977. Occupied various posts in the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affaires in Moscow and abroad. In 1995-1998 – Director of Security and Disarmament Department. In 1998-2003 – Ambassador of the Russian Federation in Belgium and Russia's permanent representative to the NATO. Since July 2003 – Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

Orlov, Vladimir A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Founder & CEO
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Russian-US security relations
Foreign policy of the Russian Federation
Nuclear Weapons-Free-Zone in the Middle East
International security policy of the Russian Federation
Russian-European security relations
Russian foreign policy and the Middle East (including the Gulf region)
Nuclear nonproliferation in the Middle East
BRICS's perspectives on peace and security
Assessment of best international practices on fighting corruption 
Building new European security architecture
Biography :

Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov is expert in international security and Russia’s foreign policy. His research areas include major threats and challenges to international security, primarily, nuclear nonproliferation.

Dr. Orlov founded PIR Center, a private think-tank dealing with global security and foreign policy, in 1994 and was the institute’s Director (President) until April 2015 when he decided to step down as PIR Center’s CEO while remaining on Center’s Executive Board and concentrating on specific nuclear nonproliferation and other projects.

Since 2014, Dr. Orlov is the Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations at the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

Dr. Orlov is a member of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters (till 2019).

Dr. Orlov is a member of the Trialogue Club International, which he founded in 1993. He is the founder (in 2006) of the Centre russe d'etudes politiques, a Geneva-based research and consultancy association.

He is a member of the Russian National Committee for BRICS Studies Research Council; Advisor to the Russian delegation at the NPT Review Conferences (2010; 2015) and at the sessions of the NPT Preparatory Committee (2012-2014); a member of the Russian Council of Foreign and Defense Policy (SVOP); a member of International Nuclear Energy Academy (INEA); a member of the Russian Pugwash Committee under the Presidium of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS); a member of the Washington Quarterly Editorial Board.

In 1994, Dr. Orlov founded Security Index journal (until 2007 published under the title Yaderny Kontrol). He was its editor-in-chief until 2015, and currently is a member of journal’s Editorial Board.

Dr. Orlov is constantly engaged in teaching and educational activities, giving lectures and expert comments on Russian foreign policy and on nuclear nonproliferation within Russia and abroad. His initiative culminated in establishment (in 2016) of the International Dual Degree MA Program in Nonproliferation and Global Security Studies – a joint project by the Moscow State Institute of International Affairs (MGIMO) of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and PIR Center. He serves as academic consultant to the program and teaches Russian foreign and security policy as well as nuclear nonproliferation at MGIMO. He also gives lectures in Geneva, Bishkek, and Monterey. Vladimir Orlov is executive editor and co-author of the Nuclear Nonproliferation Textbook in two volumes.

He is the author (or coauthor) of more than a dozen books and monographs and nearly three hundred research papers, essays, and columns. Articles by Dr. Orlov have been published in Security Index journal, International Affairs (Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn) journal, Russia in Global Affairs magazine, the Washington Quarterly journal, and Seguridad Internacional journal, among others. His columns and comments regularly appear at the Kommersant daily newspaper. Dr. Orlov is on Twitter (Orlov_pircenter) and Facebook (VladimirAOrloff), and his blog is on PIR Center’s website (www.pircenter.org/en). (04/17)

Publications archive

Full biography

Pifer Steven image
Affiliation : Senior Research Associate, Brookings Institution
Biography :

Steven Pifer is a senior fellow at the Brookings Center on the United States and Europe, where he focuses on arms control, Russia and Ukraine. He is also a senior adviser (non-resident) with the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). He has offered commentary regarding Russia, Ukraine and arms control issues on CNN, Fox News, CNBC, BBC, National Public Radio and VOA, and his articles have appeared in the Washington Post, International Herald Tribune and Boston Globe, among others. A retired Foreign Service Officer, his more than 25 years with the State Department focused on U.S. relations with the former Soviet Union and Europe, as well as arms control and security issues. He served as deputy assistant secretary of state in the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs with responsibilities for Russia and Ukraine (2001-2004), U.S. ambassador to Ukraine (1998-2000), and special assistant to the president and senior director for Russia, Ukraine and Eurasia on the National Security Council (1996-1997). In addition to Ukraine, he served at the U.S. embassies in Warsaw, Moscow and London as well as with the U.S. delegation to the negotiation on intermediate-range nuclear forces in Geneva. Ambassador Pifer's recent publications include “Reversing the Decline: An Agenda for U.S.- Russian Relations in 2009,” Brookings paper (January 2009); “Averting Crisis in Ukraine,” Council on Foreign Relations special report (January 2009); and “Engaging Ukraine in 2009,” Brookings paper (March 2009) with Anders Aslund and Jonathan Elkind. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Ponomarev Sergey image
Affiliation : Deputy Head of the Federal Space Agency
Biography :

Born on May 12, 1954 in Vologda. In 1976 he graduated the Serpukhov High Military Command School. In 1987 he graduated the Dzerzhinsky Military Academy. In 1976–2006 served in the Strategic Missile Forces at various positions, including First Deputy Chief of Staff of the SMF. Lt.Gen. (res.) Ponomarev is an author of a number of scientific publications and has recently defended his doctoral thesis. Since August 2006 he joined the Federal Space Agency as the head of the Combined Department of Space Activities Management. In 2008 he was promoted to be the Deputy Head of the Agency. For his service, Sergey Ponomarev was awarded orders and medals, including «Red Star», «For Military Merits», «For Merits to the Fatherland» (4th grade).

Squassoni Sharon image
Affiliation : Director, Senior Research Associate, Proliferation Prevention Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Biography :

Prior to joining CSIS, Ms. Squassoni was a senior associate in the Nuclear Nonproliferation Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. From 2002-2007, Ms. Squassoni advised Congress as a senior specialist in weapons of mass destruction at the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Before joining CRS, she worked briefly as a reporter in the Washington bureau of Newsweek magazine. Ms. Squassoni also served in the executive branch of government from 1992 to 2001. Her last position was Director of Policy Coordination for the Nonproliferation Bureau at the State Department. She also served as a policy planner for the Political-Military Bureau at State. She began her career in the government as a nuclear safeguards expert in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. She is the recipient of various service awards and has published widely. She is a frequent commentator for U.S. and international media outlets. Ms. Squassoni received her B.A. in political science from the State University of New York at Albany, a Masters in Public Management from the University of Maryland, and a Masters in National Security Strategy from the National War College. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Trushkin Ivan V. image
Biography :

Till September, 2012 worked as "Nuclear Nonproliferation and Russia" Program Coordinator at PIR Center.  Ivan Trushkin graduated with honors from Altai State University, MA in history. He participated in several conferences on nuclear disarmament, future of nuclear energy, Iranian nuclear issue and the 22nd UN International Conference on Disarmament Issues in Japan. His research on nuclear nonproliferation was published by Tomsk State University (TSU). Ivan Trushkin is a graduate of International Summer Schools on Nuclear Disarmament, organized by Swedish Nuclear Power Inspectorate, Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, and Tomsk State University and Tomsk Polytechnic University, 2007-2009. He is an alumnus of the 2009 PIR Center International Summer School on Global Security. From September to December 2009 and from February to May 2010, Ivan Trushkin interned at PIR Center. He successfully defended the research paper on nuclear weapons free zone in the Middle East, took part in preparation of the research paper fro the Ministry of Defense's Public Council. Security Index journal featured his article about Russia-Iranian economic trade and the influence of the UN and US sanctions. He also co-authored article “NPT of Tomorrow” published in Russia in Global Affairs journal. Ivan Trushkin is one of the authors of nongovernmental White Paper "NPT-2010: Strengthening the Regime", which was presented in New York during the 2010 NPT Review Conference. Now his research work is how to prevent financing WMD terrorism.

Yakushev, Michael V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Executive Vice-President for Cooperation with Public Authorities, PJSC VimpelCom
Expertise :
International legal regulation in cybersecurity area
Information security
International aspects of Internet development
Internet identification
National and international cyber strategies
Biography :

Mikhail is an experienced attorney and specialist in the field of information security. He is the  PayPal IRM Director, earlier - vice president of the Mail.ru Group and previously served as president of the Coordination Center of the Russian Top-Level Domain (RU), DST Advisors Managing Director. Mikhail focuses on information rights issues, including access to information. He has co-authored the drafts of most of Russia's legislation on information technology. Previously, he was employed at Microsoft Russia, where he was responsible for the corporation's cooperation with governmental authorities in Russia and other CIS states. Mikhail represented the Russian Federation in the G8 working group on legal issues, and in 2004, he was a member of the working group on Internet governance established by the U.N. Secretary-General. Mikhail served as the Chair of PIR Center's Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance under the Center's Advisory Board in 2012-2014. 

Zevelev Igor A. image
Affiliation : Director, Moscow Office, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
Biography :

Igor comes to the Foundation with strong academic credentials and varied experience as a scholar, teacher, and analyst of Russian politics, foreign policy, and international security. He holds a Doctor of Sciences degree in political science from the Institute of International Relations and World Economy (IMEMO) in Moscow, where he served as Deputy Director and Head of Department at the Center for Developing Countries. He has held visiting professorships at Macalester College, the University of California at Berkeley, San Jose State University, and the University of Washington, and taught for five years at the George C. Marshall European Center for Security Studies in Garmisch, Germany. He has published five books and numerous articles. He comes to MacArthur after having served as Washington Bureau Chief for the RIA Novosti Russian News and Information Agency since 2009. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

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