Way Out of the Arms Control Pandemic image

This research paper attempts to place nuclear disarmament and arms control in the context of the sustainable development agenda. In particular, the paper examines the possibility of applying the experience and specific mechanisms of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to create new incentives for nuclear arms c...


PIR Center conducted an interview with Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka, Senior Advisor on International Relations to the Leader of the Opposition and Daily FT Columnist (Colombo, Sri Lanka). Since March 2022, Dayan Jayatilleka has been a member of the PIR Center Advisory Board.

In an interview with him, we ...

In an Vladimir Orlov's interview, director of PIR Center, with Jorge Ferrer, a journalist of the Spanish newspaper El Mundo, the issues of the risks of using nuclear weapons against the background of the Ukrainian conflict are touched upon. We also talked about how the Chekhov rifle differs from nu...

PIR Center conducted an interview with Professor Mustafa Kibaroglu, Ph.D in International Relations, Dean of the Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences at the MEF University in Istanbul, a PIR Center Advisory Board member. We discussed the possibility of exporting U.S. nuclear tec...

Today, on May 20, Colonel General, PIR Center Board Member, Advisor to ANO «Aspect-conversion» Evgeny Petrovich Maslin would have turned 85 years old. He was going to celebrate this anniversary as beautifully and cheerfully as he did 5 years ago, when he celebrated his 80th birthday... On this speci...

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Akhunov, Viktor D. image
Biography :

Born January 01, 1947, in Vienna, Austria, in the family of a Soviet army officer. He left high school in Chelyabinsk in 1965. From 1965 to 1971: student of the Moscow Engineering Physics Institute. Graduation qualification: engineer - physicist, majoring in dosimetry and protection.

Akiyama, Nobumasa image
Biography :

Nobumasa Akiyama, from Hiroshima, received a Bachelor of Law degree from Hitotsubashi University in Tokyo in 1990. In 1994, he earned a Master of Public Administration degree from Cornell University in New York. Presently he is a candidate for a Ph.D. in Politics from The Nissan Institute of Japanese Studies at the University of Oxford.

Antipov, Sergey V. image
Affiliation : Associate Professor, Head of Department, Nuclear Safety Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences
Biography :

Doctor of Technical Sciences. Head of Department of Nuclear Safety Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences. Formerly, Head Adviser of Federal Atomic Energy Agency of Russian Federation. 2004-2006 - Deputy Head of Federal Atomic Energy Agency of Russian Federation. 2003-2004 - Deputy Minister of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation Double winner of the Kurchatov Prize. Author of more than 50 scientific articles and reports. Participant in the Chernobyl cleanup operation. Research interests: nonproliferation, physical protection, accounting and control of nuclear materials, nuclear submarine dismantlement issues within the program the Global Partnership against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction. Scientific coordinator of the Nonproliferation Project in the RRC Kurchatov Institute. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.

Baranovsky, Sergey I. image
Biography :

Born June 15, 1943. Education: Moscow Aviation Institute (MAI). Doctor of technical sciences. 1987-1991: professor of the Chair of Air-Breathing Jet Engines, MAI.

Bieniawski, Andrew image
Biography :

Andrew Bieniawski currently serves as the Executive Director of the Department of Energy Moscow Office at the U.S. Embassy in Moscow, Russia. Mr. Bieniawski has been in this position since August 2001. In his current position, Mr. Bieniawski is responsible for providing in-country leadership and coordination of DOE’s nonproliferation and energy programs in Russia.

Bolognini, Giancarlo image
Biography :

Born October 1, 1941. Education: Degree in Mechanical Engineering, University La Sapienza, 1965; Degree in Nuclear Engineering, University La Sapienza.

Bulochnikov, Anatoly M. image
Biography :

Mr. Bulochnikov is the Director of the Center for Export Controls. He is one of the authors of “The Guide to Legal Documents of the Russian Federation in the Export Control Field”. Member of the PIR Center Advisory Board.

Bundin, Vladimir S. image
Biography :

From 1994 to 2001 served as Academic Secretary of Public Organization “Moscow Biotechnology Academy”, Chief Secretary of All-Russian Public Organization “Academy of Biotechnology”, Chief Specialist of the Department of Convention Problems of Biological Weapons, Russian Munitions Agency.

Bunn, Matthew image
Biography :

Before joining the Kennedy School in January 1997, he served for three years as an adviser to the Office of Science and Technology Policy, where he played a major role in U.S. policies related to the control and disposition of weapons-usable nuclear materials in the U.S. and the former Soviet Union, and directed a secret study for President Clinton on security for nuclear materials in Russia.

Byrd, John image
Affiliation : Director, CTR, Defense Threat Reduction Agency, USA, Rear Admiral, USN (Retired)
Biography :

Education: United States Naval Academy, BS Physics, 1972. Professional Activities: Naval Submarine League; Naval Institute. 2004-Present: Director, Cooperative Threat Reduction, Defense Threat Reduction Agency.

Chuen, Christina image
Biography :

Ph.D. candidate in International Affairs at the University of California at San Diego, received an M.A. in Russian and Chinese history from the University of Hawaii in 1990, and graduated magna cum laude with an A.B. in Soviet Studies from Harvard University in 1987. Research interests: Russian naval reactor issues and the prospects for phasing out the use of HEU in civilian reactors worldwide. PIR Center Consultant.

Dahlman, Ola image
Biography :

Dr. Dahlman obtained a doctorate in geophysics at Lund University and the Royal Institute of Technology in Stockholm in 1969. Currently, Dr. Dahlman is an Adviser to the Swedish Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Daoust-Maleval, Isabelle image
Biography :

Was born on January 1, 1961. Education: Doctor of Chemistry of University of Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (1990). 1984: research activity, laboratory of organic biology and biotechnologies, the National school of chemistry, Paris.

Downing, Ian image
Biography :

As such he leads on the UK Government’s interests in nuclear safety, waste and spent fuel management, and dealing with the other nuclear legacy issues in Central and Eastern Europe and the Newly Independent States.

Einhorn, Robert image
City : USA
Affiliation : Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution
Biography :

Before joining Brookings in May 2013, served as the U.S. Department of State special advisor for nonproliferation and arms control, a position created by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in 2009. Between 2001 and 2009, was a senior advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where directed the Proliferation Prevention Program. Prior to joining CSIS, was assistant secretary of state for nonproliferation from 1999 to 2001, deputy assistant secretary of state for political-military affairs from 1992 to 1999, and a member of the State Department policy planning staff from 1986 to 1992. Between 1972 and 1986, held various positions at the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), including as ACDA’s representative to the strategic arms reduction talks with the Soviet Union. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2007. 

Friedrich Andreas image
Biography :

Head of the Swiss delegations to the Nuclear Suppliers Group, the Australia Group and the Technology Control Regime; Member of the Swiss delegations to the NPT Review Conferences, to the IAEA General Conference and to the Conference on Disarmament.

Gardner, Don image
Biography :

Education: State University of New York at Buffalo, Master of Science, Nuclear Engineering, Bachelor of Science, Aerospace Engineering. As Project Manager for the Seversk Project Don Gardner manages the project for the US Department of Energy in Moscow, Russia.

Gennady Evstafiev image
Biography :

Lieutenant-General (ret.) Evstafiev (25.08.1938 – 19.02.2013), a person of great fortitude, wisdom, and professionalism, dedicated all his health, strength, and intellect to serving his country and strengthening international security. We are very honored to have been able to work with such an amazing and knowledgeable person.

One of the patriarchs of nuclear nonproliferation has left us. No matter what office he held, Gennady Mikhailovich made considerable contributions to strengthen the nonproliferation and disarmament regime.  From 1981 to 1985, he served as Special Assistant to the UN Secretary-General, and from 1999-2000 as a member of the Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. He was an active participant in the historical 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, as well as the Moscow Nuclear Safety and Security Summit in 1996.

Gennady Mikhailovich played a key role in preparing the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service’s public reports “A New Challenge After the Cold War: Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction” (1993) and “The Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons: Problems of Extension” (1995), which are still used today as key reference materials in the field. To this day, the publication of these reports remains an example of special services’ analytic work and ability to engage the public in dialogue. Thanks to the work of these authors, the world saw that Russia bases its arguments on facts and, no matter the circumstances, independently participates in the formation of a global nonproliferation and disarmament agenda.

Lieutenant-General Evstafiev was one of the people who, during the country’s hardest times, not only stayed dedicated to the task at hand, but was also able find solutions to global problems in a spirit of collaboration and while protecting national interests. From 1986 to 1991, Gennady Mikhailovich was one of the head Soviet delegates during the negotiation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE Treaty) in Vienna before he went on to work for the Foreign Intelligence Service. From 2000-2003, he served at the Russian Permanent Mission to NATO, where he worked on combating terrorism and WMD proliferation. After retiring in 2003, he became a Senior Advisor and later Senior Vice President at the PIR Center, where he continued to dedicate himself to arms control issues and developing new security mechanisms in Europe.

For Gennady Mikhailovich, strengthening the nonproliferation and disarmament regime wasn’t just political rhetoric, it was a subject of in-depth analysis with the goal of finding optimal, balanced solutions. Back when people had essentially stopped thinking about saving the world from weapons of mass destruction, before big speeches and initiatives revived the topic, Gennady Mikhailovich published the article “Disarmament Returns” (Security Index 2007), in which he not only declared the acute relevance of this problem, he defined the lines along which this discussion takes place today. “The main mistake that people make is they fear today’s troubles more than tomorrow’s,” he said, and underlined that, “this means only one thing – we must learn to preempt the consequences of new military technology and classes of weapons with timely political and legal measures.”

This is precisely what Gennady Mikhailovich worked on at the PIR Center. He co-authored a 2005 monograph Unmanned aerial vehicles: history, application, threat of proliferation, and prospects of development – the first work to define the importance of this issue for Russia. Information security, nuclear energy and nonproliferation, Central Asia – Evstafiev was a part of these and many other PIR projects from the outset. Dozens of publications, hundreds of interviews and comments to the press – he was constantly working.

He will most certainly be remembered, today and forever more, by dozens of students – young diplomats, officers, and scholars, those for whom he was a mentor at work or during an internship, those who listened to his every word at Summer School and other training courses.

What did young scholars expect, and then receive, from their senior colleague? During conversations he would say such things like, “Be sure to pay attention to this question… It may be worth taking a closer look here… You should read this book here…” and then a new idea would form, and we would begin to see a pointed problem in its greater historical and political context, and the student would morph into a specialist in front of our eyes. A graduate of the Oriental Studies Department at Leningrad State University, Gennady Mikhailovich completed the colossal school of life and carried with him the best traditions of analysis and the deep understanding of regional and global processes. Along the way, he passed on these traditions and mental discipline to his students, for which we will be ever grateful.

Gennady Mikhailovich played a significant role at the PIR Center. He was with PIR even before its founding and stayed the course through our development. Over the course of almost 10 years, he served as a Senior Advisor and Senior Vice President of the PIR Center. With his direct participation, PIR expanded the scope of its work, transitioned from Yaderny Kontrol to Security Index, developed a new education and training program, and attracted new partners and friends. Each of us will treasure our memories of interacting with this extraordinary person, colleague, and mentor.

Photo gallery 



Segments from the program “What is to be done? New nuclear states,” Kultura TV channel with Gennady Evstafiev’s participation, October 29, 2006 (in Russian).


Gottemoeller, Rose image
City : США
Affiliation : Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the CNS; Payne Distinguished Lecturer at the CISAC; Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution
Biography :

Rose Gottemoeller was sworn in as the Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, on April 6, 2009. She was the chief negotiator of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation. Since 2000, she had been with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She most recently was a senior associate in the Carnegie Russia & Eurasia Program in Washington, D.C., where she worked on U.S.–Russian relations and nuclear security and stability. She also served as the director of the Carnegie Moscow Center from January 2006 – December 2008. Before joining the Endowment in October 2000, Ms. Gottemoeller was deputy undersecretary for defense nuclear nonproliferation in the U.S. Department of Energy. Previously, she served as the department's assistant secretary for nonproliferation and national security, with responsibility for all nonproliferation cooperation with Russia and the Newly Independent States. In 1994-1997, deputy director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London, United Kingdom). In 1993-1994, director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs of the U.S. National Security Council. Research interests: nuclear nonproliferation and strategic security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 1994.

Gozal, Albert image
Biography :

Education: an engineer’s degree in Chemical Engineering, an engineer’s degree in Nuclear Engineering and a doctorate in Chemical Engineering. At the moment holds a position of the 1st Counsellor in European Union Joint Action on Disarmament and Nonproliferation, Delegation of the European Commission to Russia.

Harrison, James image
Biography :

James Harrison has been Deputy Director for Counter-Proliferation and Arms Control in the UK Ministry of Defense since 1999. In this capacity he is responsible for the Ministry of Defense’s contribution to UK Government policy on counter-proliferation and arms control in the area of biological and chemical weapons.

Holcombe, Wayne image
Biography :

Mr. Holcombe's career began with service in the U.S. Navy Nuclear Power Program where he served for six years. He later worked in the nuclear power industry in design, construction and Quality Assurance at several plants. Prior to his current position he was the CTR Program Manager responsible for multiple CTR projects in Russia and Ukraine. He has also had a variety of senior positions for U.S Department of Energy, including assignments at Savannah River, Oak Ridge National Engineering Laboratory and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory.

Jousten Norbert image
Biography :

Mr. Jousten was born in 1947. He obtained a Master Degree in Physics at the University of Liege in 1969 and graduated in 1977 in business administration from the Institut St Louis in Brussels. Mr. Jousten joined the European Commission in 1980.

Kalinina, Natalia I. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Senior Researcher, Center for International Security, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO
Biography :

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor. One of the leading experts in the field of chemical and biological disarmament. Experienced scientist, auditor, multilateral person, whose reasearches in biologics, chemistry, policy, economy are of invaluable contribution to the science and for further reasearch perspectives.  From 1994 to 2007 worked for central organs of political departments of the Russian Federation, including the post of Assistant to the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation in 2003-2004. and Deputy head of the inspection of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation in 2005-2007. 

Khodakov, Alexander G. image
Biography :

Mr. Alexander Khodakov was a member of the Executive Board of the Russian International Law Association from 1996 to 1998. Mr. Khodakov is a career diplomat and prior to taking up his present appointment on 26 January 2004 at the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons as the Director of Special Projects, he was the Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the OPCW.

Khripunov, Igor A. image
Biography :

Igor Khripunov is the Center’s Associate Director in charge of the projects in the former Soviet Union and Adjunct Professor of Political Science at The University of Georgia since 1992. Previously, Dr. Khripunov served for six years as an international civil servant at the U.N. Secretariat in New York.

Kobyakov, Daniil O. image
Biography :

Graduate of Master programs at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), and the Monterey Institute of International Studies (CA, United States). In 2002, intern at the Secretariat of the Conference on Disarmament in Geneva.

Kovchegin Dmitry image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Independent consultan
Expertise :
Nuclear safety
Biography :

Graduated from the Moscow Engeneering and Physics Institute, program on security, accounting and controls of nuclear materials and nonproliferation. 1999 - intern at the Monterey Institute’s James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS). Worked as a Research Fellow at PIR Center (1999-2002) and the Belfer center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University. Since 2004 supports implementation of multiple nuclear security cooperation programs in Russia and other FSU countries as a consultant in the Moscow office of Booz Allen Hamilton Inc. and as independent consultant since 2013. Member of PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Cooperation in Mass Destruction Weapon Nonproliferation and Physical Nuclear Safety (2012-2015). Member of PIR Center Advisory Board since 2015.

Kulebyakin, Vyacheslav N. image
Biography :

He is responsible for interaction between the Agency and Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW), international assistance for destruction of chemical weapons. From 1970 to 2002 served at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.

Kupriyanova, Irina A. image
Biography :

Teaches a special course of lectures “Principles of Vulnerability Assessment of Nuclear Facilities” at the Nuclear Materials Accounting and Control Training Center. From January to May 2001 studied at Monterey Institute of International Studies, USA.

Lata, Vasily F. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : PIR Center Consultant, Security Index Editorial Board Member
Expertise :
START Treaty
Missile Defense
Military Use of the Outer Space
Biography :

Lieutenant-General (ret.), Doctor of Military Sciences, Professor. Dr. Lata has worked in the Soviet/Russian Defense Ministry's agencies for over 35 years, including as the deputy chief of the Defense Ministry's Military Policy Administration in 1992-1994. After that, chief of operations, deputy chief of the Strategic Missile Forces Supreme Staff. Full member of the Academy of Military Sciences. Senior Research Fellow at the Academy of Strategic Missile Forces. Professor of the Missile Forces and Artillery Department, Military Academy of the General Staff. 06/17

Laura Holgate image
Biography :

In 2001-2009 - Vice President for Russia/New Independent States Programs at the Nuclear Threat Initiative. Ms. Holgate joined NTI after serving in a number of senior positions in the federal government. She managed the Cooperative Threat Reduction program at the U.S. Department of Defense, which provides assistance to Russia and the new independent states in securing and destroying excess nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and materials. She also served as director of the Office of Fissile Materials Disposition at the U.S. Department of Energy. Ms. Holgate has received numerous public service awards and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Executive Board of Women in International Security.

Lysenko, Mikhail N. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (retired), Associate Professor, International Law Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Position : Associate Professor
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. From 2008 to 2014 Mikhail Lysenko was Head of International Relations Department at Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation. Previously, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the New Zealand (2004-2008). In 2000-2004 held the position of Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament. Was in diplomatic service from 1977 to 2008, has worked at the Soviet Embassies and Russian Embassies in the U.S., Canada and the New Zealand. In 1977 he graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO). Candidate of Law. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.

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