Articles

The editors decided to shift the focus a little from the problems of nuclear nonproliferation and arms control and talk about people. Nikita Degtyarev, PIR Center Information & Publications Program Coordinator, interviewed Sarah Bidgood, Director of the Eurasia Nonproliferation Program at the James ...

On June 2nd President Putin signed an executive order, which approved the Basic Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation on Nuclear Deterrence. Even without considering the contents of the “Basic Principles”, it would not be an exaggeration to say that it is a development of major import...

Introduction

Terrorism has been a threat to Russia since the 19th century. Taking on different forms – from the revolutionary Narodnaya Volya to national separatism with an infusion of Wahhabism in Chechnya to jihadist semi-criminal groups of North Caucasus – it has arguably influenced the pace and ...

How to prevent placement of weapons in Outer Space: challenges and solutions (Russian priorities) image

Recently, the threats of weaponization of outer space have been increasingly backed by both the doctrinal documents of several countries, first of all the United States, and the material content, which in turn is being formed through organizational measures, as well as improving military technical c...

The Middle East remains one of the zones of high tension and instability in the contemporary world. Today, new challenges – e.g., international terrorism, the crises in Iran, Iraq, Yemen, Libya, and Syria – are adding to the old and deeply rooted problems created by the Arab-Israeli conflict. The un...

All articles

Experts

Antonov, Anatoly I. image
Affiliation : The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Position : Deputy Minister
Biography :

PhD in Economics, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. In 1978 he graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations. He served for the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (MFA) of the USSR and Russia in various positions at central office and abroad over 30 years. Since 2004 - Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. He has broad experience in negotiation processes. He was a head of Russian government delegations at negotiations on the Treaty on Non-proliferation of Nuclear Weapons, Review of Inhumane Weapons Convention, Elimination of Chemical Weapons Convention, Elimination of Biological Weapons Convention, Treaty on Strategic Offensive Arms. He was the head of Russian delegation at the talks with the U.S. on new START treaty. From February 2, 2011 to December 28, 2016 he held the position of a Deputy Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation. In this post he oversaw the issues of international military cooperation and organization of contacts between the Ministry of Defence and military agencies of other states. On December 28, 2016 President Vladimir Putin appointed him as Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. He is currently responsible for the military and political issues. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2000. Member of the SuPR (Sustainable Partnership with Russia) Group since 2009. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Cooperation in Mass Destruction Weapon Nonproliferation and Physical Nuclear Safety since 2012.

Cirincione, Joseph image
City : Washington D.C.
Affiliation : President, Ploughshares Fund
Biography :

President of the Ploughshares Fund. Cirincione had previously served as Vice President for National Security and International Policy at the Center for American Progress in Washington, DC, and for eight years as the director for nonproliferation at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. He is the author of Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons (2007) and Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats (2006). He is on the adjunct faculty of the Georgetown University School of Foreign Service, where he teaches in the Master of Science in Foreign Service Program, and a member of the Council on Foreign Relations. He has written over 200 articles on defense issues, produced two DVDs on proliferation, appears frequently in the media, and has given over 150 lectures around the world in the past two years. He is the author of Bomb Scare: The History and Future of Nuclear Weapons (Columbia University Press, Spring 2007). He is the co-author of Contain and Engage: A New Strategy for Resolving the Iranian Nuclear Crisis (March 2007), two editions of Deadly Arsenals: Nuclear, Biological and Chemical Threats (2005 and 2002), Universal Compliance: A Strategy for Nuclear Security (March 2005) and WMD in Iraq, (January 2004). He has held positions at the Henry L. Stimson Center, the U.S. Information Agency, and the Center for Strategic and International Studies. He is an honors graduate of Boston College and holds a Masters of Science with highest honors from the Georgetown School of Foreign Service. He is happily married with two children. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.


Geleskul, Elena S. image
Biography :

Postgraduate student at Tomsk State University. Graduated from Novosibirks State Technical University. Participant of the International Summer schools of Tomsk State University in 2006 and 2007. Graduate of the International Summer School for Global Security 2008 at the Center for Policy Studies (Russia). Research interests: regime of nuclear non-proliferation and international security.

Gennady Evstafiev image
Biography :

Lieutenant-General (ret.) Evstafiev (25.08.1938 – 19.02.2013), a person of great fortitude, wisdom, and professionalism, dedicated all his health, strength, and intellect to serving his country and strengthening international security. We are very honored to have been able to work with such an amazing and knowledgeable person.

One of the patriarchs of nuclear nonproliferation has left us. No matter what office he held, Gennady Mikhailovich made considerable contributions to strengthen the nonproliferation and disarmament regime.  From 1981 to 1985, he served as Special Assistant to the UN Secretary-General, and from 1999-2000 as a member of the Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters. He was an active participant in the historical 1995 NPT Review and Extension Conference, as well as the Moscow Nuclear Safety and Security Summit in 1996.

Gennady Mikhailovich played a key role in preparing the Russian Foreign Intelligence Service’s public reports “A New Challenge After the Cold War: Proliferation of Weapons of Mass Destruction” (1993) and “The Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons: Problems of Extension” (1995), which are still used today as key reference materials in the field. To this day, the publication of these reports remains an example of special services’ analytic work and ability to engage the public in dialogue. Thanks to the work of these authors, the world saw that Russia bases its arguments on facts and, no matter the circumstances, independently participates in the formation of a global nonproliferation and disarmament agenda.

Lieutenant-General Evstafiev was one of the people who, during the country’s hardest times, not only stayed dedicated to the task at hand, but was also able find solutions to global problems in a spirit of collaboration and while protecting national interests. From 1986 to 1991, Gennady Mikhailovich was one of the head Soviet delegates during the negotiation of the Treaty on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE Treaty) in Vienna before he went on to work for the Foreign Intelligence Service. From 2000-2003, he served at the Russian Permanent Mission to NATO, where he worked on combating terrorism and WMD proliferation. After retiring in 2003, he became a Senior Advisor and later Senior Vice President at the PIR Center, where he continued to dedicate himself to arms control issues and developing new security mechanisms in Europe.

For Gennady Mikhailovich, strengthening the nonproliferation and disarmament regime wasn’t just political rhetoric, it was a subject of in-depth analysis with the goal of finding optimal, balanced solutions. Back when people had essentially stopped thinking about saving the world from weapons of mass destruction, before big speeches and initiatives revived the topic, Gennady Mikhailovich published the article “Disarmament Returns” (Security Index 2007), in which he not only declared the acute relevance of this problem, he defined the lines along which this discussion takes place today. “The main mistake that people make is they fear today’s troubles more than tomorrow’s,” he said, and underlined that, “this means only one thing – we must learn to preempt the consequences of new military technology and classes of weapons with timely political and legal measures.”

This is precisely what Gennady Mikhailovich worked on at the PIR Center. He co-authored a 2005 monograph Unmanned aerial vehicles: history, application, threat of proliferation, and prospects of development – the first work to define the importance of this issue for Russia. Information security, nuclear energy and nonproliferation, Central Asia – Evstafiev was a part of these and many other PIR projects from the outset. Dozens of publications, hundreds of interviews and comments to the press – he was constantly working.

He will most certainly be remembered, today and forever more, by dozens of students – young diplomats, officers, and scholars, those for whom he was a mentor at work or during an internship, those who listened to his every word at Summer School and other training courses.

What did young scholars expect, and then receive, from their senior colleague? During conversations he would say such things like, “Be sure to pay attention to this question… It may be worth taking a closer look here… You should read this book here…” and then a new idea would form, and we would begin to see a pointed problem in its greater historical and political context, and the student would morph into a specialist in front of our eyes. A graduate of the Oriental Studies Department at Leningrad State University, Gennady Mikhailovich completed the colossal school of life and carried with him the best traditions of analysis and the deep understanding of regional and global processes. Along the way, he passed on these traditions and mental discipline to his students, for which we will be ever grateful.

Gennady Mikhailovich played a significant role at the PIR Center. He was with PIR even before its founding and stayed the course through our development. Over the course of almost 10 years, he served as a Senior Advisor and Senior Vice President of the PIR Center. With his direct participation, PIR expanded the scope of its work, transitioned from Yaderny Kontrol to Security Index, developed a new education and training program, and attracted new partners and friends. Each of us will treasure our memories of interacting with this extraordinary person, colleague, and mentor.

Photo gallery 

20_2.jpg

 

Segments from the program “What is to be done? New nuclear states,” Kultura TV channel with Gennady Evstafiev’s participation, October 29, 2006 (in Russian).

2013-02-22_0032.png

Müller, Harald image
City : Frankfurt, Germany
Affiliation : Senior Researcher, Frankfurt Institute of Peace Problems
Biography :

Dr., Prof., Director of the Peace Research Institute (Frankfurt, Germany). Member of the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters of the UN Secretary General. Member of the Advisory Board of the German Federal Security Academy. Professor of the John Hopkins University (Bologna, Italy). Professor of International Relations, University of Frankfurt Research interests: international security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 1997.

Potter, William image
City : Monterey, US
Affiliation : Director, James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Middlebury Institute of International Studies
Biography :

Doctor, Professor. Member of the international relations division of the Pacific Council on International Policy, and the International Institute for Strategic Studies. Adviser on nonproliferation to the UN Secretary General. Research interests: nonproliferation in the former Soviet Union.

Rauf Tariq image
City : Vienna, Austria
Affiliation : Member, International Advisory Board, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastroph
Biography :

In 2012-2014 - Principal at Global Nuclear Solutions, Inc. Until 2012 - Head of verification and security policy coordination at the IAEA. Scientific Secretary, IAEA Director General's Expert Group on Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (2004/2005). Director of the International Organizations and Nonproliferation Program, at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, from September 1995 until February 2002. Advisor and Non-Proliferation Expert with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada), and to the House Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Parliament of Canada), 1990-2002. Senior Associate at the former Canadian Center for Global Security (the Canadian Center for Arms Control and Disarmament) in Ottawa, 1986-1995. Expert Advisor to the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Weapons of Mass Destruction, 1995. Consultant with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization since 2018. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2013.

Savel
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Head, Strategic Studies Department, Center for International Security, Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
Biography :

Member of the Trialogue Club International since 2012. Doctor of Economic Sciences, Doctor of Political Sciences. Professor of International Policy Faculty, Moscow State University. The author of more than 70 publications, including “The big five. Arms Control Decision-Making in the Soviet Union”, co-authored with N. Detinov (USA, 1995) and “Political and Military-Strategic Aspects of Start-1 and Start-2 Treaties” (Moscow, IMEMO, 2000). In 1989-1991 participated in Soviet-American START-1 negotiations (Defense and Space Talks) representing the Academy of Sciences as an Adviser to the Soviet Delegation. Dr. Savel'yev is a well-known specialist in the field of Russian-American strategic relations, arms control, nuclear doctrines and strategy, national security and decision-making. Research interests: military economy, international security and arms control. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2002.

Ubeev, Aleksey V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Visiting Instructor, Dual Degree Master Program on WMD NonProliferation Studies, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Candidate of Technical Sciences. Until 2011 he was Deputy director of the Department of international collaboration, the Russian Federal Atomic Energy Agency. Previously, deputy Head of the Department of External Affairs JSC Atomstroyexport. Graduated from D. Mendeleev University of Chemical Technology in Russia and Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Ministry for Foreign Affairs, holds degree of PhD. Worked as a head of department, pro-rector for scientific research of East-Siberian State Technologic University. Participated in elimination of accident consequences on Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant in 1986. From 1994 worked for Russian MFA, headed the sector of IAEA in its Permanent Mission in Russia attached to international organizations in Vienna, former Head of Nuclear Security department, nonproliferation of nuclear weapons and international partnership in peaceful use of atomic energy of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament, MFA of Russia. Participated in development of the important international agreements in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2009. Member of the PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Cooperation in Mass Destruction Weapon Nonproliferation and Physical Nuclear Safety since 2012.

Vasiliev Victor image
City : Rome, Italy
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Plenipotentiary Representative, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to FAO and other UN Agencies
Biography :

In 1989-1993 served at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR (Russia). 1993-1997; 2000-2004  two terms in the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations in New York. Last position  Senior Counselor for political affairs (specialization on the Security Council). 2004-2007 — Deputy Director of the Department of International Organizations of the Russian Foreign Ministry. Participated as a member of the Soviet/Russian delegations at various international fora, including NPT Review Conferences in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010, the UN Disarmament Comission sessions, etc. 2005-2006  a governmental expert in the Group of Governmental Experts on verification in all its aspects. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group. Since September, 2013 — Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Federation Ministry of Foreign Affairs, since October. 2013 — Plenipotentiary Representative of the Russian Federation to the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Since April, 2018 — Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to FAO and other UN agencies in Rome.

loading