Articles

The editors decided to shift the focus a little from the problems of nuclear nonproliferation and arms control and talk about people. Nikita Degtyarev, PIR Center Information & Publications Program Coordinator, interviewed Sarah Bidgood, Director of the Eurasia Nonproliferation Program at the James ...

On June 2nd President Putin signed an executive order, which approved the Basic Principles of State Policy of the Russian Federation on Nuclear Deterrence. Even without considering the contents of the “Basic Principles”, it would not be an exaggeration to say that it is a development of major import...

How to prevent placement of weapons in Outer Space: challenges and solutions (Russian priorities) image

Recently, the threats of weaponization of outer space have been increasingly backed by both the doctrinal documents of several countries, first of all the United States, and the material content, which in turn is being formed through organizational measures, as well as improving military technical c...

After U.S. withdrawal from the INF Treaty it has become obvious that nearly fifty years old history of nuclear arms control is coming to its end.  
The New START treaty is set to expire on February 5, 2021 and there is little doubt that it will be the end of it. It could be extended if both countries...

Strategic stability in its classical sense – understood as a state of US-Russian relations under which neither side has incentives to launch a first nuclear strike – was developed during the Cold War. Such stability is achieved by “seeking agreements that improve survivability, remove incentives for...

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Experts

Shaker Mohammed image
Affiliation : Chairman, Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs
Expertise :
Nuclear nonproliferation, historical aspects
Nuclear power in the Middle East
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Nuclear Weapons-Free-Zone in the Middle East
Nuclear disarmament
Biography :

Vice-Chair of the Board of the Egyptian Council for Foreign Affairs, Chair of the Board of the Regional Information Technology Institute, Chair of the Board of Trustees of Magdy Yacoub Foundation for Heart Research. Dr. Shaker held the position of Ambassador of the Arab Republic of Egypt to the United Kingdom (1988-1997) and was the Doyen of the Diplomatic Corps accredited to the Court of St. James. He was Ambassador to Austria and member of the Board of Governors of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna (1986-1988). He also held a number of positions at the UN, including UN Deputy Permanent Representative (1984-1986),  member of the UN Secretary-General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters (1993 – 1998), Chair of the Advisory Board for 1995, and member of the UN Expert Group on Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Education (2001-2002). He holds a degree in Law from Cairo University and a PhD in Political Science from the Graduate Institute of International Studies, University of Geneva.

Soltanieh Ali Asghar image
City : Tehran, Iran
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (retired), Advisor to Vice President and Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran
Expertise :
Nuclear power in the Middle East
Political and military aspects of international security
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Nuclear Weapons-Free-Zone in the Middle East
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Within the last 30 years has been involved as a nuclear physicist and senior diplomat, in the capacity of special envoy, delegate, chief negotiator, and invited speaker, in numerous international events on disarmament and international security. 1980-1990 — Director, Nuclear Research Centre to the Atomic Energy Organization of Islamic Republic of Iran (AEOI). During this period, was also Resident Representative of Iran to the IAEA. 1990-1996 — director of both Education and Manpower Mobilization Department of the AEOI and the Nuclear Engineering Department of the Organization. 1996-1999 — Advisor to the Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic and Secretary of the National Authority of the Chemical Weapons Convention. 1999-2002 — Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Iran to the UN and other international organizations in Geneva. A Chief Negotiator for the Additional Protocol to the Biological Weapons Convention. After the end of his mandate became Deputy Director-General for International Political Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Iran. At the same time — Member of the negotiating team in the talks between Iran and the group EU3 on the Iranian Nuclear Program. 2006-2013 — Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Iran to the IAEA and Permanent Representative to the UN and other international organizations in Vienna, including OPEC and OPEC Fund. During this assignment was a President of the UNIDO Board; Vice President of several annual sessions of the General Conference of IAEA; Chairman of the Asian Group in the UN in Vienna etc. Currently — Advisor to the Vice President of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization H. E. Ali Akbar Salehi; Associate Professor in Nuclear Physics, Disarmament and International Security at the Faculties of Science and International Relations in various universities respectively. Published several papers on the topics related with the nuclear energy, nuclear arms control and nonproliferation. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.

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