Articles

How to prevent placement of weapons in Outer Space: challenges and solutions (Russian priorities) image

Recently, the threats of weaponization of outer space have been increasingly backed by both the doctrinal documents of several countries, first of all the United States, and the material content, which in turn is being formed through organizational measures, as well as improving military technical c...

After U.S. withdrawal from the INF Treaty it has become obvious that nearly fifty years old history of nuclear arms control is coming to its end.  
The New START treaty is set to expire on February 5, 2021 and there is little doubt that it will be the end of it. It could be extended if both countries...

Strategic stability in its classical sense – understood as a state of US-Russian relations under which neither side has incentives to launch a first nuclear strike – was developed during the Cold War. Such stability is achieved by “seeking agreements that improve survivability, remove incentives for...

Russia’s vision of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation issues remains in fact very conventional. It is pragmatic and realistic. We do not feel “constrained by traditional formats and diplomatic protocol”. On the contrary, we strongly believe that in many cases using proven formats and ke...

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Experts

Barzegar Kayhan image
City : Iran, Tehran
Affiliation : Director, Institute for Middle East Strategic Studies
Position : Director
Biography :

Ph.D.  in International Relations from Islamic Azad University in Tehran. Has a B.S. in Political Science from Tehran University, an M.S. in Political Science from Shahid Beheshti University. 2002-2003 - Post-doctorate Research Fellow at the London School of Economics. 2007-2011 - Research Fellow at Harvard Kennedy School's Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs (Project on Managing the Atom/international Security Program). Since 2010 - a Research Associate at the MIT Center for International Studies. Currently - a Director of the Institute for Middle East Strategic Studies (IMESS) in Tehran and a faculty member and Chair of the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the Science and Research Branch of the Islamic Azad University. Participated in numerous international conferences on Iran's regional policy, the politics of Iran’s nuclear program, Iran-U.S. relations, and Iran-Arabs relations. The Editor-in-Chief of Discourse: An Iranian English Quarterly. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.

Demidov Oleg V. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant
Expertise :
International legal regulation in cybersecurity area
Social media
Cyber security
National and international cyber strategies
Biography :

Oleg Demidov graduated from the School of Public Administration at Moscow State University of Lomonosov in 2010. Currently, Oleg has been working on his Ph.D thesis at Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University). In 2011-2012, he held the position of Project Coordinator at Center for Political and International Studies (CPIS) under the International Federation for Peace and Conciliation. Since 2012, he has served as an expert to the Commission on Information Security and Cybercrime at the Russian Association for Electronic Communications (RAEC). In 2013-2014, he held the position of Director of the Program International Information Security and Global Internet Governance at PIR Center. 

Since 2011 Oleg has been participating in the international project “A Twenty-First Century Concert of Powers” conducted by Frankfurt Peace Research Institute (PRIF) (through 2014). He is the author of a number of research articles on information security, cybersecurity, and global internet governance in PIR Center’s Security Index journal and other editions. Oleg serves as the Secretary of the Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance under PIR Center Advisory Board. In March 2014 Oleg became a member of the Research Advisory Network (RAN) under the Global Commission on Internet Governance (CGIG). PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.


Gabuev, Alexander T. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Head, Russia in the Asia-Pacific Program, Carnegie Moscow Center
Biography :

MA in Chinese History. Graduated from Moscow State University (2009). MA in Stock Markets and Investments, Higher School of Economics (2013). Started his career at Kommersant daily newspaper in 2007 working as a senior diplomatic reporter, covered Russia’s relations with Asian powers and the connection between Russian business interests and foreign policy. Was a member of Dmitry Medvedev’s president press corps. Was deputy foreign editor at Kommersant and a member of the editorial board of the Kommersant publishing house2012-2014 – deputy editor in chief, Kommersant-Vlast magazine. Was a nonresident visiting research fellow at the European Council on Foreign Relations (ECFR), a lecturer on Chinese energy policy and political culture at the Moscow State University. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.

Kovchegin Dmitry image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Independent consultan
Expertise :
Nuclear safety
Biography :

Graduated from the Moscow Engeneering and Physics Institute, program on security, accounting and controls of nuclear materials and nonproliferation. 1999 - intern at the Monterey Institute’s James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS). Worked as a Research Fellow at PIR Center (1999-2002) and the Belfer center for Science and International Affairs at Harvard University. Since 2004 supports implementation of multiple nuclear security cooperation programs in Russia and other FSU countries as a consultant in the Moscow office of Booz Allen Hamilton Inc. and as independent consultant since 2013. Member of PIR Center EKS Working Group on International Cooperation in Mass Destruction Weapon Nonproliferation and Physical Nuclear Safety (2012-2015). Member of PIR Center Advisory Board since 2015.

Medrish, Mikhail A. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Business Development Director, JSC AMT-Group
Expertise :
Cyber security
Biography :

One of the most authoritative members of the Russian Internet community. Was the technical leader of the first Russian project of mass broadband Internet access services and IP TV. 1995-2000 — headed the Internet project of the Combellga Internet provider, which was in Russia’s top ten in terms of revenue at the time. 2001-2003 — technical director of MTU-Intel. At the same time headed the technical service of Russia’s first project on granting broadband Internet access using ADSL technology (later known as Stream). Organized Russia’s first IP TV testing (later known as Stream TV). 2004-2005 — Deputy General Director, ROSNET. 2006-2011 — technical director of Akado-Stolitsa, Russia’s largest operator in the market of the B2C services for the Internet and cable digital television, with an audience of up to one million people. 2001-2010 — a member of the Coordination Center for TLD RU Board. Took an active part in the drafting of Russia’s first Internet normative documents on data transmission and telematics and the elaboration of technical requirements to LESS online. Since 2014 head Internet Support Foundation. A member of the Council of Europe's Committee of experts on cross-border flow of Internet traffic and Internet freedom. A member of PIR Center Advisory Board since 2015.

Mostinskiy, Sergey B. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Advisor, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the International Organizations, Vienna, Austria (2016-2018
Biography :

Ph.D. In 1975, graduated from Moscow Aviation Institute, specializing on “aircraft engineering”. In 1981, graduated from research degree from Moscow Aviation Institute. 1975-1983, after graduation worked as an engineer, Junior Engineer, senior Research Fellow in the “aircraft engineering” department at Moscow Aviation Institute. He also was the head of student construction department, Senior Research Fellow, and research manager. In 1983-1992, was outplaced to the All-Union Research Institute of systemic problems of the USSR committee for science and technology and Academy of Science, where he worked as a senior research fellow, head of section, chief deputy, head of department. 1989 –1992, 1996-1998 – expert, advisor of the USSR delegation (since 1990 of Russian delegation) on military security and disarmament issues, Vienna, Austria. 1992 – 1995 – advisor, member of delegate of the Russian Federation in Geneva Conference on restriction of conventional armament,  Geneva, Switzerland. 1998 – 2003 – advisor of the Permanent Representative of Russia to NATO,  Brussels, Belgium. Since 2003 to 2006 – deputy director of Division for International Cooperation and Internationalization of Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service (Rostechnadzor). January – October 2007 – Director of the Department of International Cooperation of TENEX. Since 2008 to 2013 – director of international cooperation department of OJSC "Rusnanotech", director of international cooperation department of OJSC “Rusnano”. Since 2014 – Advisor to President of OJSC “E4 Group”. He speaks English and French fluently. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.

Safranchuk, Ivan A. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Associate Professor, Department of World Politics, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

PhD in Political Science. 1998 - graduated from MGIMO University of the MFA of Russia. 1997-2001 - a research associate at PIR Center, then PIR Center "Nuclear Arms Control" project director. From 2001 to 2006 served as a head of Moscow office of the Center for Defense Information. Since 2003 he has taught at MGIMO (currently assistant professor of international political processes of MGIMO). Since 2007, publishes "The Great Game: politics, business, security in Central Asia" journal. Author of more than 40 scientific and methodical works in Russian and more than 20 scientific papers in foreign languages, published in Russia, USA, Germany, Great Britain, Italy, Norway and Sweden on the Russian-American and Russian-Chinese relations, nuclear policy, nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, European security, Central Asia, Afghanistan, private military companies, and energy.

Soltanieh Ali Asghar image
City : Tehran, Iran
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (retired), Advisor to Vice President and Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran
Expertise :
Nuclear power in the Middle East
Political and military aspects of international security
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Nuclear Weapons-Free-Zone in the Middle East
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Within the last 30 years has been involved as a nuclear physicist and senior diplomat, in the capacity of special envoy, delegate, chief negotiator, and invited speaker, in numerous international events on disarmament and international security. 1980-1990 — Director, Nuclear Research Centre to the Atomic Energy Organization of Islamic Republic of Iran (AEOI). During this period, was also Resident Representative of Iran to the IAEA. 1990-1996 — director of both Education and Manpower Mobilization Department of the AEOI and the Nuclear Engineering Department of the Organization. 1996-1999 — Advisor to the Foreign Minister of the Islamic Republic and Secretary of the National Authority of the Chemical Weapons Convention. 1999-2002 — Ambassador and Deputy Permanent Representative of Iran to the UN and other international organizations in Geneva. A Chief Negotiator for the Additional Protocol to the Biological Weapons Convention. After the end of his mandate became Deputy Director-General for International Political Affairs in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Iran. At the same time — Member of the negotiating team in the talks between Iran and the group EU3 on the Iranian Nuclear Program. 2006-2013 — Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of Iran to the IAEA and Permanent Representative to the UN and other international organizations in Vienna, including OPEC and OPEC Fund. During this assignment was a President of the UNIDO Board; Vice President of several annual sessions of the General Conference of IAEA; Chairman of the Asian Group in the UN in Vienna etc. Currently — Advisor to the Vice President of the Islamic Republic of Iran and Head of the Iranian Atomic Energy Organization H. E. Ali Akbar Salehi; Associate Professor in Nuclear Physics, Disarmament and International Security at the Faculties of Science and International Relations in various universities respectively. Published several papers on the topics related with the nuclear energy, nuclear arms control and nonproliferation. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.

Squassoni Sharon image
Affiliation : Director, Senior Research Associate, Proliferation Prevention Program, Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS)
Biography :

Prior to joining CSIS, Ms. Squassoni was a senior associate in the Nuclear Nonproliferation Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. From 2002-2007, Ms. Squassoni advised Congress as a senior specialist in weapons of mass destruction at the Congressional Research Service, Library of Congress. Before joining CRS, she worked briefly as a reporter in the Washington bureau of Newsweek magazine. Ms. Squassoni also served in the executive branch of government from 1992 to 2001. Her last position was Director of Policy Coordination for the Nonproliferation Bureau at the State Department. She also served as a policy planner for the Political-Military Bureau at State. She began her career in the government as a nuclear safeguards expert in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. She is the recipient of various service awards and has published widely. She is a frequent commentator for U.S. and international media outlets. Ms. Squassoni received her B.A. in political science from the State University of New York at Albany, a Masters in Public Management from the University of Maryland, and a Masters in National Security Strategy from the National War College. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2009.

Squassoni Sharon image
City : Washington D.C., US
Affiliation : Research Professor, The Elliott School of International Affairs, George Washington University
Biography :

Received B. A. in political science from the State University of New York at Albany, M. A. in public management from the University of Maryland, and M. A. in national security strategy from the National War College. 1992-2001 — served in the executive branch of the U. S. government, worked in the Nonproliferation Bureau and the Political-Military Bureau at the Department of State and in the Arms Control and Disarmament Agency. 2002-2007 — advised Congress as a senior specialist in weapons of mass destruction at the Congressional Research Service (CRS), Library of Congress. 2007-2009 — a senior associate in the Nuclear Policy Program, the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. Since 2010 — Director and Senior Fellow, Proliferation Prevention Program at Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS). Worked briefly as a reporter in the Washington bureau of Newsweek magazine. A member of BulletinScience and Security Board. Was a member of Sustainable Partnership with Russia Group. The recipient of various service awards and a MacArthur fellowship, has published widely, and a frequent commentator for U.S. and international media outlets. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2015.

Vasiliev Victor image
City : Rome, Italy
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Plenipotentiary Representative, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to FAO and other UN Agencies
Biography :

In 1989-1993 served at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USSR (Russia). 1993-1997; 2000-2004  two terms in the Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations in New York. Last position  Senior Counselor for political affairs (specialization on the Security Council). 2004-2007 — Deputy Director of the Department of International Organizations of the Russian Foreign Ministry. Participated as a member of the Soviet/Russian delegations at various international fora, including NPT Review Conferences in 1995, 2000, 2005 and 2010, the UN Disarmament Comission sessions, etc. 2005-2006  a governmental expert in the Group of Governmental Experts on verification in all its aspects. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group. Since September, 2013 — Ambassador-at-large of the Russian Federation Ministry of Foreign Affairs, since October. 2013 — Plenipotentiary Representative of the Russian Federation to the Collective Security Treaty Organization. Since April, 2018 — Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to FAO and other UN agencies in Rome.

Volchinskaya, Elena K. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Associate Professor, Chief Specialist for Information Law, Federal Notary Chamber
Expertise :
Information security
Biography :

Ph.D. in Economics. From 1995-2012, she worked as a staff member for the State Duma Committee on Security, where she was in charge of legislation on information security. Elena participated in the development and polishing of draft legislation in data protection law and information security, including “On Commercial Confidentiality,” “On Personal Data,” “On Electronic Signatures,” and others. In addition to work on legislation, Elena is the author of more than 120 monographs, academic papers, and reports, including The Internet and Transparency (1999, co-authored), Protection of Personal Data: Legal Regulatory Experience (2001), and Development of Legal Groundwork for Information Security (2005, multiple authors). Elena is one of the initiators and supporters of conducting the international forum “Information Security in the Global Information Society” (Infoforum) under the auspices of the State Duma Committee on Security, and she is currently the program director of the Organizing Committee Infoforum. Member of PIR Center Advisory Board Working Group on International Information Security and Global Internet Governance since 2012. Member of PIR Center Advisory Board since 2015.

Yarnykh, Andrey Yu. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Head of Strategic Projects, Kaspersky Lab
Biography :

An experienced expert in the field of information security. In ICT sector since 1996. Works at Kaspersky Lab since 2001. A board member of the Regional non-governmental organization “Internet technology Center”, an expert on virus detection at Hotline Friendly Runet” and Russian Safer Internet Centre”. Chairs the Commission on Information Security and Cybercrime of the Russian Association for Electronic Communications (RAEC). A member of PIR Center Advisory Board since 2015.

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