Articles

How to prevent placement of weapons in Outer Space: challenges and solutions (Russian priorities) image

Recently, the threats of weaponization of outer space have been increasingly backed by both the doctrinal documents of several countries, first of all the United States, and the material content, which in turn is being formed through organizational measures, as well as improving military technical c...

After U.S. withdrawal from the INF Treaty it has become obvious that nearly fifty years old history of nuclear arms control is coming to its end.  
The New START treaty is set to expire on February 5, 2021 and there is little doubt that it will be the end of it. It could be extended if both countries...

Strategic stability in its classical sense – understood as a state of US-Russian relations under which neither side has incentives to launch a first nuclear strike – was developed during the Cold War. Such stability is achieved by “seeking agreements that improve survivability, remove incentives for...

Russia’s vision of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation issues remains in fact very conventional. It is pragmatic and realistic. We do not feel “constrained by traditional formats and diplomatic protocol”. On the contrary, we strongly believe that in many cases using proven formats and ke...

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Experts

Arbatov, Alexei G. image
Affiliation : Acad., Russian Academy of Sciences, Head, Center for International Security, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
Biography :

Academician of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Historical Sciences. Head of the Center for International Security at the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO). Member of the research council at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russian Federation. Head of the research council department on strategic planning at Security Council of Russian Federation. Member of the Carnegie Moscow Center's research council. Author of many monographs, coauthor of over 30 joint publications, numerous analytical papers, articles and booklets on international security, disarmament, and military policy published in Russia and abroad. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.

Baklitskiy, Andrey A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant
Expertise :
Nuclear power in the Middle East
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Middle East
Biography :

Researcher of the Center for Global Problems and International Organizations of the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry. Graduated from the Faculty of the International Relations of the Urals Federal University. Holds specialist degree in regional studies and simultaneous interpreter diploma. In the years 2008-2009 took a course at the University of Seville (Spain). PIR Center intern in May-July, 2011. In 2011-2013 PIR Center Internet Project Director, Information Program Director since 2013. In 2014-2017 PIR Center "Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation" Program Director. Took part in the sessions of the NPT Preparatory Committee in 2013-2014. Editor of PIR Center White Paper "Ten Steps toward a Weapons of Mass Destruction-Free Zone in the Middle East". The sphere of scientific interest includes international security, bigger Middle East, nuclear energy sector and nonproliferation.

Chernavskih Vladislav image
Position : Student, Ural Federal University, Russia
Biography :

Final year undergraduate student (International Relations), Department of Theory and History of International Relations, Ural Federal University, Russia. Assistant in the Center for Security and Non-Proliferation Research and Education, Ural Federal University. Alumnus of KAIST NEREC (Nuclear Non-Proliferation Education and Research Center) Summer Fellows Program 2017 (ROK). Participated in “Introduction to Nuclear Non-Proliferation” Workshop in St. Petersburg State University. Research interests: International security, nuclear non-proliferation, arms control and nuclear disarmament, North Korea, TPNW.

Duarte Sergio image
City : Brasilia
Affiliation : Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
Position : President
Biography :

A career diplomat, who from July 2007 to February 2012 served as United Nations High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, with the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. Ambassador Duarte served the Brazilian Foreign Service for forty eight years. He was the Ambassador of Brazil in a number of countries, including Austria, Croatia, Slovakia and Slovenia, China, Canada, Nicaragua, Switzerland, the United States, Argentina and Italy. In addition, he has been posted as the Brazilian representative to several International organizations, focusing on disarmament issues. From 1999 to 2000, he was the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the IAEA. Ambassador Duarte was a representative in international organizations on disarmament issues. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2012.

Einhorn, Robert image
City : USA
Affiliation : Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution
Biography :

Before joining Brookings in May 2013, served as the U.S. Department of State special advisor for nonproliferation and arms control, a position created by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in 2009. Between 2001 and 2009, was a senior advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where directed the Proliferation Prevention Program. Prior to joining CSIS, was assistant secretary of state for nonproliferation from 1999 to 2001, deputy assistant secretary of state for political-military affairs from 1992 to 1999, and a member of the State Department policy planning staff from 1986 to 1992. Between 1972 and 1986, held various positions at the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), including as ACDA’s representative to the strategic arms reduction talks with the Soviet Union. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2007. 

Lysenko, Mikhail N. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary (retired), Associate Professor, International Law Department, Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University) of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Position : Associate Professor
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. From 2008 to 2014 Mikhail Lysenko was Head of International Relations Department at Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation. Previously, Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the New Zealand (2004-2008). In 2000-2004 held the position of Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament. Was in diplomatic service from 1977 to 2008, has worked at the Soviet Embassies and Russian Embassies in the U.S., Canada and the New Zealand. In 1977 he graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO). Candidate of Law. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.

Margoev, Adlan R. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Institute for International Studies MGIMO University
Position : Analyst
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Russian nuclear policy
Nuclear Weapons-Free-Zone in the Middle East
Nuclear nonproliferation in the Middle East
Iran
Arms control
Biography :

Analyst with the Institute of International Studies at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO University), PhD Candidate. In 2017-2019, Margoev was the "Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation" Program Director at PIR Center. Graduate of the M.A. Dual Degree Program in Nonproliferation Studies established by PIR Center, MGIMO University, and Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey (2018). Holds a B.A. degree in International Relations from MGIMO University with major in Iranian Studies (2016). Speaks English and Persian. His research interests include Iran's nuclear program, NPT review process, Russian arms control and nonproliferation policies, and U.S.-Russia dialogue on nuclear issues. 06/19

Nazarkin, Yury K. image
City : Bogis-Bossey
Position : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the USSR/ Russia
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Professor of Geneva School of Diplomacy. Previously Representative of the USSR to the Conference on Disarmament, the chief negotiator of the START 1 Treaty, Assistant Secretary to the Russian Security Council. Honorary member (Membre d’Honneur) of the Centre russe detudes politiques.

Rauf Tariq image
City : Vienna, Austria
Affiliation : Member, International Advisory Board, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastroph
Biography :

In 2012-2014 - Principal at Global Nuclear Solutions, Inc. Until 2012 - Head of verification and security policy coordination at the IAEA. Scientific Secretary, IAEA Director General's Expert Group on Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (2004/2005). Director of the International Organizations and Nonproliferation Program, at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, from September 1995 until February 2002. Advisor and Non-Proliferation Expert with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada), and to the House Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Parliament of Canada), 1990-2002. Senior Associate at the former Canadian Center for Global Security (the Canadian Center for Arms Control and Disarmament) in Ottawa, 1986-1995. Expert Advisor to the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Weapons of Mass Destruction, 1995. Consultant with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization since 2018. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2013.

Ryabkov, Sergey A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Russian Foreign Ministry
Position : Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. In 1982, graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Served at several positions both at the central office of the Russian Foreign Ministry and abroad. In 1995-1999, was the Head of the OSCE Unit of the Department of European Cooperation. In 1999 – 2001 – Senior Counsellor (political) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2002-2005, served as the Minister Counsellor (Deputy Chief of Mission) of the Russian Embassy to the U.S. In 2005-2008 – the Director of the Department of European Cooperation. Since 2008 - Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. Security Index Journal Editorial Board member.

 

Timerbaev, Roland M. (1927 - 2019) image
Affiliation : Amb.
Biography :

Ambassador Timerbaev is one of the most influential specialists in the world in the sphere of nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear arms control. He is acclaimed by international expert community primarily as one of the authors of the Treaty on the Nonproliferation of Nuclear Weapons, the cornerstone of entire nuclear nonproliferation regime.

After graduating from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO) in 1949, Roland Timerbaev dedicated over 40 years of his professional activity to the diplomatic service first in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Soviet Union and then of the Russian Federation, retiring in 1992 from the post of Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the International Organizations in Vienna.

Roland Timerbaev actively participated in drafting several key international agreements in the sphere of strategic stability and nuclear non-proliferation, including the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty, the Agreement on the Prevention of Nuclear War, the IAEA safeguards system, the Treaty on the Limitation of Underground Nuclear Weapon Tests, and the Peaceful Nuclear Explosions Treaty. In 1974-1978 the Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary participated in establishing the Nuclear Suppliers Group. In 1990 Roland Timerbaev put forward an initiative to create national non-governmental organization that would be purposed to contribute to nuclear nonproliferation.

From 1994 to 1998 Roland Timerbaev was PIR Center President and from 1999 to 2010 - Chairman of the Executive Board. Today Roland Timerbaev remains our senior colleague as a member of the Advisory Board and keeps sharing his rich experience and knowledge with young researchers.

Ambassador Timerbaev has broad academic and teaching experience both at the leading Russian and foreign  research institutions, including Moscow State Institute of International Relations, Moscow Engineering and Physics Institute, James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Monterey Institute of International Studies.

Numerous publications of Roland Timerbaev on arms control, nonproliferation and disarmament are well known and highly renowned in the expert community. Ambassador's works include ‘The Peaceful Atom in the International Arena’ (1969), ‘Verification of Arms Control and Disarmament’ (1983), ‘The Complete Prohibition of Nuclear Tests’ (1986), ‘Russia and Nuclear Non-proliferation, 1945-1968’ (1999), ‘International Control of Atomic Energy’ (2003), and ‘The Current Status of the Nuclear Non-proliferation Regime and its Prospects: Towards the Upcoming 2005 NPT Review Conference’ (2004). Roland Timerbaev is also the co-author of textbook ‘Nuclear Nonproliferation’ (2002) and encyclopedia of the same name (2009) – these are first comprehensive study guides on nuclear nonproliferation in Russia.

In 2007, ROSSPEN Publishing House in cooperation with PIR Center published Ambassador Timerbaev’s memoirs “Stories of the past: Memoirs about negotiations on non-proliferation and disarmament and much else.”

List of publications:

The Peaceful Atom in the International Arena (1969)

Verification of Arms Control and Disarmament (1983)

The Complete Prohibition of Nuclear Tests (1986)

Russia and Nuclear Non-proliferation, 1945-1968 (1999)

Stories of the past: Memoirs about negotiations on non-proliferation and disarmament and much else. (in Russian) (2007)

PIR Center Library series:

The Nuclear Suppliers Group: Why and How It Was Created,1974-1978. (2000)

Nuclear nonproliferation (in Russian) (2002) 

V.A. Orlov, R.M. Timerbaev, A.V. Khlopkov Nuclear nonproliferation in U.S.-Russian relations: challenges and opportunities (2001)

Our Place in the Universe and Nuclear Weapons: Reflections from a Nuclear Arms Control Negotiator (2019)

PIR Center Study Papers:

No. 1 (1996): The Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime and Security Guarantees for Non-Nuclear States G.Bann R.Timerbaev (In Russian)

No. 12 (1999): Russia and the 2000 Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty Review Conference (In Russian)

No. 17 (2001): Proliferation and Nonproliferation in South Asia: Status and Outlook, R.Timerbaev, A. Shilin, V.Fedchenko (In Russian)

No. 22 (2003): International Control of Atomic Energy (In Russian)

№25 (2004): The Nuclear Nonproliferation Regime, Present and Prospects (in Russian)

Journal "Yaderny (Nuclear) Control"/"Security Index"

NPT: for Russia and the world it is better to save it for long time. №1 (1), January, 1995, p.4. (in Russian)

Nuclear disarmament: Are five nuclear states committed enough under the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty? № 3 (3), March 1995. p.2 (co-authored) (in Russian)

How is the preparation for the extension of the NPT proceeding. Report from New York from the 4th session. № 3 (3), March 1995, p. 10 (in Russian)

The NPT is extended indefinitely. What is next? № 9 (9), September, 1995, p.19 (in Russian)

How feasible is the creation of the nuclear-weapon-free zone in the Middle East? №12 (12), December, 1995, p.7 (in Russian)

The procees of the NPT implementation (to the session of the Preparatory Committee for the Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons). № 2 (26), February, 1997, p. 2. (in Russian)

Nuclear weapons and the security of Russia. № 4 (28), April, 1997, p. 22. (in Russian)

International Atomic Energy Agency and its activities in the field of control and regulation (to the 40th anniversary of the International Atomic Energy Agency). № 32–33, August-September, 1997, p. 3. (in Russian)

Nuclear Encyclopedia. № 30–31, June-July, 1997, p. 45 (co-authored) (in Russian)

The future of US nuclear weapons policy. № 32–33, August-September, 1997, p. 45. (in Russian)

Attitude of Academician Kapitsa and some other Soviet scientists to the atomic project, to the atomic bomb and its control. No. 1 (37), January – February, 1998, p. 65. (in Russian)

Russia and Security 1997–1998. Russia and the international arms control system: development or collapse. No. 1 (37), January-February 1998, p. 83. (in Russian)

How the Soviet Union Helped China Develop the A-bomb. No. 2-3 (8), Summer-Fall 1998, p.44

How the IAEA Safeguards System was Developed: Political Aspects (1959–1965). No. 4 (40), July – August 1998, p. 68. (in Russian)

The history of the development of control provisions of the NPT (political aspects). No. 5 (41), September – October 1998, p. 67. (in Russian)

Towards a New Nuclear Arms Limitation Treaty (Negotiations Resume on Banning the Production of Fissile Materials for Nuclear Weapons) No. 4 (9), Winter 1998/1999, p.43

Prospects of the entry into force of the CTBT. No. 3 (45), May – June 1999, p. 67 (in Russian)

Israel and the bomb. No. 4 (46), July – August 1999, p. 85. (in Russian)

A. A. Gromyko and the problem of nuclear nonproliferation. No. 6 (48), November – December 1999, p. 81. (in Russian)

The NPT: another exam has been passed. New ones - ahead. № 4 (52), July-August 2000, p. 4 (co-authored) (in Russian)

Russia and the 2000 NPT Review Conference No. 1 (13), Winter 2000, p.25

Dealing with Cold War Nuclear Legacy: Russian Perspective. No. 3 (15), Summer 2000, p.28

ABM/NMD and the START Process. No 4 (16), Fall 2000,p.37 

Indian nuclear bomb. Impact on global proliferation. No. 4 (52), July – August 2000, p. 83. (in Russian) 

The initiative of President Putin at the UN Millennium Summit. No. 6 (54), November – December 2000, p. 62 (co-authored) (in Russian)

The first step to prudence in the nuclear world. (The history of the conclusion of the 1963 Moscow Treaty on the Partial Prohibition of Nuclear Tests). No. 1 (55), January – February 2001, p. 73 (co-authored) (in Russian)

State and prospects of nuclear nonproliferation. No. 2 (56), March – April 2001, p. 24. (in Russian) 

The Time to Enhance Cooperation on Broad Range of Security Issues. (co-authored) No. 2 (22), Spring 2002, p.35

US-Russian November Summit: An Important but Insufficient Step. (co-authored)  No. 2 (22), Spring 2002, p.35

India: a rising star. No. 2 (62), March – April 2002, p. 73. (in Russian)

Democratic control over the military sphere in Russia and the CIS countries. No. 3 (63), May – June 2002, p. 84. (in Russian)

2005 Review Conference of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons: How the preparation for the conference is going. No. 4 (64), July – August 2002, p. 51. (in Russian)

Leo Szilard and international control of atomic energy. No. 5 (65), September – October 2002, p. 68. (in Russian)

Deadly Arsenals. No. 2 (68), summer 2003, p. 161. (in Russian)

Middle East and the nuclear issue. No. 3 (69), fall 2003, p. 15 (in Russian)

The preparations for the 2005 NPT Review Conference No. 3 (69), Autumn 2003, p. 101. (in Russian)

The role of the UN in today's world. No. 3-4 (31-32), Summer/Fall 2004, p.46 

Tritium - freeze. No. 4 (70), winter 2003, p. 151. (in Russian)

Arms control. Joseph Goldblatt. A new guide to negotiations and agreements. No. 1 (71), spring 2004, p. 173. (in Russian)

The problems of preparation for the 2005 NPT Review Conference. No. 3 (73), Autumn 2004, p. 101. (in Russian)

The Right to Withdrawal from the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty (NPT): The Views of Two NPT Negotiators. (co-authored) No. 1-2 (33-34), Winter/Spring 2005, p.20

The Evolution of Arms Control: Current TrendsBy Roland Timerbaev. No. 3-4 (35-36), summer/Fall2005, p.59

Lessons learned from the 4th 1990 NPT Review Conference No. 1 (75), Spring 2005, p. 171 (in Russian)

South Africa: how its nuclear weapons were created, how and why the state abandoned them. No. 2 (76), summer 2005, p. 121. (in Russian)

The nuclear potential and nuclear policy of China. No. 4 (78), winter 2005, p. 83. (in Russian)

The agreements between the USSR and the USA of 1971 on measures to reduce the risk of a nuclear war. No. 4 (78), winter 2005, p. 131. (in Russian)

How the USSR helped China create an atomic bomb. No. 3 (41), May – June 1998, p. 76; No. 2 (80), summer 2006, p. 167 ( in Russian)

ON THE "THRESHOLD" TEST BAN TREATIES OF 1974-76. SECURITY INDEX №2 (82), 2007

The Role of the Nuclear Factor in the Modern World.  №3 (85), 2008. 

On Libya, Antimissile Defense, as Well as Other Autobiographical Events.  №1 (83), 2008.

The problem of security guarantees for non-nuclear states ahead of the NPT Review Conference. No. 4 (87), winter 2008, p. 69. ( in Russian)

Nuclear-Weapon-Free-World: Ways of Moving Ahead.  No. 2 (87), Volume 15.

First Steps towards Arms Limitation. No. 3 (92), Summer 2010.

Fissile Material Cutoff: New Chances for the New Life. No. 1 (90), Winter 2010. 

Ulyanov Mikhail Ivanovich image
Affiliation : Director, Department for non-proliferation and arms control, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
Expertise :
Political and military aspects of international security
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Iranian nuclear program
Russian nuclear policy
Foreign policy of the Russian Federation
Nuclear Weapons-Free-Zone in the Middle East
Nuclear disarmament
Biography :

Director of Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. 1980 - graduated from Moscow State Institute of History and Archives. Speaks English. Diplomatic rank - Minister Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Married, has a daughter. Since 1980 worked in the Department of International Relations of the MFA in Moscow, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the United Nations in New York, Permanent Mission of the Russian Federation to the North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Brussels. 2002-2004 - Head of Division of the Department of International Relations. 2004-2011 - Deputy Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament. 2004-2006 - Head of the Bilateral Implementation Commission of the Treaty between the Russian Federation and the United States of America on Strategic Offensive Reductions. 2006-2011 - Head of the Delegation of the Russian Federation to the Vienna Negotiations on Military Security and Arms Control. March 2011- April 2014 - Director of Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament. Since April 2014 - Director of Department for non-proliferation and arms control.

Yermakov Vladimir I. image
Affiliation : MFA of Russian Federation
Position : Director of the Department for Nonproliferation and Arms Control
Biography :

In the Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1984. Graduated from MGIMO of the USSR MFA in 1982. In 2003 – 2007 served as Senior Counselor and Head of Politico-Military section of the Russian Embassy in the USA, in 2007 – 2011 as Head of the Section of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament. In 2011 – 2018 – Deputy Director of the Department for Nonproliferation and Arms Control. On January 25, 2018 Mr. Yermakov was appointed to the position of the Director of the Department for Nonproliferation and Arms Control.

Zulkharneev, Albert F. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant
Expertise :
Nonproliferation of nuclear weapons
Foreign policy of the Russian Federation
International security policy of the Russian Federation
Сivil and expert diplomacy
Biography :

Research Fellow at the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry. Graduated from the Faculty of World Politics and World Economy of the National Research University - Higher School of Economics. In 2008 graduated with the Master degree from the International Relations Department of the Ural State University and got Master degree in History from Central European University (2007, Budapest, Hungary). In 2003-2005 participated in international courses of Farsi language and literature. Since 2007 was intern in the  PIR Center. In August - December 2011 scholar of the Program for teaching and research at the OSCE Academy in Bishkek. PIR Center Education and Training Program Director, PIR Center Executive Director in 2013-2015. PIR Center Director in 2015-2019. Consultant to PIR Center since October 2019. Participant of sessions of the Preparatory Committee for the NPT Review Conference 2012-2013 and the 2015 NPT Review Conference. The organizer: of the PIR Center International School on Global Security, of the programs for improving professional skills of Central Asian specialists, of the course on global security of the international session of the youth forum "Seliger", of the joint educational course of the PIR Center and MGIMO "nonproliferation of WMD" and a Dual Degree Master’s Program in Nonproliferation Studies (MGIMO - Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey - PIR Center). 

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