Way Out of the Arms Control Pandemic image

This research paper attempts to place nuclear disarmament and arms control in the context of the sustainable development agenda. In particular, the paper examines the possibility of applying the experience and specific mechanisms of the 1997 Kyoto Protocol to create new incentives for nuclear arms c...


PIR Center conducted an interview with Dr. Dayan Jayatilleka, Senior Advisor on International Relations to the Leader of the Opposition and Daily FT Columnist (Colombo, Sri Lanka). Since March 2022, Dayan Jayatilleka has been a member of the PIR Center Advisory Board.

In an interview with him, we ...

In an Vladimir Orlov's interview, director of PIR Center, with Jorge Ferrer, a journalist of the Spanish newspaper El Mundo, the issues of the risks of using nuclear weapons against the background of the Ukrainian conflict are touched upon. We also talked about how the Chekhov rifle differs from nu...

PIR Center conducted an interview with Professor Mustafa Kibaroglu, Ph.D in International Relations, Dean of the Faculty of Economics, Administrative and Social Sciences at the MEF University in Istanbul, a PIR Center Advisory Board member. We discussed the possibility of exporting U.S. nuclear tec...

Today, on May 20, Colonel General, PIR Center Board Member, Advisor to ANO «Aspect-conversion» Evgeny Petrovich Maslin would have turned 85 years old. He was going to celebrate this anniversary as beautifully and cheerfully as he did 5 years ago, when he celebrated his 80th birthday... On this speci...

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Abisheva, Marian A. image
City : Astana, Kazakhstan
Affiliation : Library of the First President of Republic of Kazakhstan – The Leader of the Nation
Position : Head of Service of the international and national programs
Expertise :
National security
Kazakhstan internal development policy
Biography :

PhD in Political Science (2004). In 1994 graduated from Philosophy Department of the Kazakhstan National University. 2008 – internship at the Institute for Higher National Defence Studies (France). In 2008 completed senior management training at the Asia-Pacific Center for Security Studies (Honolulu, USA). 2005-2010 – Deputy Director for Science of the Presidential Strategic Studies Institute of Kazakhstan. 2010-2011 – divisional manager at analytics department of the Security Council of Kazakhstan. 2011-2014 – senior information resource and analysis manager at the National Welfare Fund “Samruk-Kazyna”. Since 2014 – Head of Service of the international and national programs of the Library of the First President of Republic of Kazakhstan – The Leader of the Nation. Author of 2 textbooks for graduate students and more than 100 research papers, including 5 multi-authored monograph. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2006.

Agranovich, Mark L. image
Biography :

Graduated from Economics Department of Moscow State University. 1984 – PhD in Economics. In 1990ies worked at the Moscow Representative Office of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development. Currently he is an expert of International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, UNESCO, OECD. Research interests: comparative analysis of educational systems, economics and statistics in education.

Alexseev, Mikhail image
Biography :

Internationally recognized authority on threat assessment in interstate and internal conflicts, with an emphasis on migration, ethnic group relations, and post-Soviet Russia. He is currently the principal investigator of a multiyear international research project on migration and ethnoreligious violence in the Russian Federation funded by the National Science Foundation and the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation. His previous projects have been funded by Reuters, NATO, the Kennan Institute for Advanced Russian Studies, the U. S. Institute of Peace, the John W. Kluge Center of the Library of Congress, the National Council for Eurasian and East European Research, the Carnegie Corporation of New York, and the Pacific Basin Research Center at Harvard University. Has published several books, he extensively publishes in academic journals and in the mainstream media.

Anthony, Ian image
Biography :

Dr Ian Anthony is currently Director of Research and Project Leader at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute where he is also leading the Nonproliferation and Export Control project at the Institute analyzing the national export control systems of European countries. Prior to that, between 2000 and 2002, Dr. Anthony was Chairman of the Nonproliferation and Export Control Working Group within the NATO Partnership for Peace Consortium of Defence Academies and Security Studies Institutes.

Antipov, Sergey V. image
Affiliation : Associate Professor, Head of Department, Nuclear Safety Institute, Russian Academy of Sciences
Biography :

Doctor of Technical Sciences. Head of Department of Nuclear Safety Institute of Russian Academy of Sciences. Formerly, Head Adviser of Federal Atomic Energy Agency of Russian Federation. 2004-2006 - Deputy Head of Federal Atomic Energy Agency of Russian Federation. 2003-2004 - Deputy Minister of Atomic Energy of the Russian Federation Double winner of the Kurchatov Prize. Author of more than 50 scientific articles and reports. Participant in the Chernobyl cleanup operation. Research interests: nonproliferation, physical protection, accounting and control of nuclear materials, nuclear submarine dismantlement issues within the program the Global Partnership against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction. Scientific coordinator of the Nonproliferation Project in the RRC Kurchatov Institute. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2004.

Butler, Nick image
Biography :

Mr Butler joined BP in 1977 after leaving Cambridge where he graduated with an honours degree in economics. He has worked in a series of economics and policy posts in BP since then, and served as Group Policy Adviser from 1995 to 2003.Mr Butler is co-Chair with Professor Paul Kennedy of the BP Programme at Yale and a member of the Middle East Advisory Board of the Council on Foreign Relations. He is a member of the Executive Committee of the Centre for China in the World Economy at Tsinghua University in Beijing. He serves as Chairman of the Centre for European Reform and as honorary secretary of the Franco British Colloque. He has published books and a number of articles on international economic issues.

Carroll, Peter image
Biography :

MBA specialising in decision-making and responses to the terrorist and piracy threat to maritime business. He currently lives in Scotland. His main task is consulting on the implementation of the United Kingdom's contribution to the Global Partnership in respect of non-proliferation and physical protection. Recent work has included working alongside project implementation teams assisting a variety of research and operational institutes in Russia and Uzbekistan to enhance their physical security arrangements. A former Royal Navy submariner, he served as a warfare officer between 1977 and 2004. During his final four years he was the Royal Navy's Fleet Security Officer during which he advised on all aspects of security, while overseeing the day to day implementation of security policy in the Fleet. On leaving the Royal Navy he provided consultant services to a London-based international risk management company advising on all aspects of maritime security.

Chernykh, Sergei A. image
Biography :

Graduated from Military Academy of General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. Professor of Academy of Defense, Military Law and Security problems. Works at the system of military-technical cooperation since 1990.

Chomicki, Tadeusz image
Biography :

Joined Ministry of Foreign Affairs in 1992. UN civil officer in Cambodia (UNTAC, 1993). Head of the Division in the Department of Africa, Asia Australia and Pacific (1994), subsequently its Deputy Director (from 1995), Director of Department of Export Policy (1998-2001) responsible in the MOFA for export controls, defense industries cooperation, nonproliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and partially for arms control and disarmament. Ambassador of Poland to the Republic of Korea (2001-2005). Since 2005 Ambassador, Deputy Director of the Security Policy Department, MFA, responsible for disarmament, nonproliferation, export controls and defense industries cooperation.

Duarte Sergio image
City : Brasilia
Affiliation : Pugwash Conferences on Science and World Affairs
Position : President
Biography :

A career diplomat, who from July 2007 to February 2012 served as United Nations High Representative for Disarmament Affairs, with the United Nations Office for Disarmament Affairs. Ambassador Duarte served the Brazilian Foreign Service for forty eight years. He was the Ambassador of Brazil in a number of countries, including Austria, Croatia, Slovakia and Slovenia, China, Canada, Nicaragua, Switzerland, the United States, Argentina and Italy. In addition, he has been posted as the Brazilian representative to several International organizations, focusing on disarmament issues. From 1999 to 2000, he was the Chairman of the Board of Governors of the IAEA. Ambassador Duarte was a representative in international organizations on disarmament issues. Member of PIR Center International Expert Group since 2012.

Dupre, Bruno image
Biography :

As a legal advisor, he started his career in 1985 with the Ministry of Defense, negotiating international treaties on arms control and disarmament. After taking three years off for his Ph.D, he then joined in 1994 the French Embassy in Washington as economic advisor, dealing with the US defense and aerospace industry consolidation (Boeing/McDonnell Douglas, Lockkeed Martin, Northrop Grumman). In 1998, he moved to NATO headquarters (Brussels) as a political advisor to the Assistant Secretary General for Defense Support. He participated to the Partnership for Peace program with a special focus on Russia and Ukraine and to the NATO Kosovo Crisis Cell. Back to Paris in 2001, Doctor Dupré was appointed to the Strategic Affairs Department at the French Ministry of Defense where he is, today, the head of the Non Proliferation and Disarmament Bureau. He holds a Master of Public Administration from Harvard University.

Dvorkin, Vladimir Z. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Professor, Major General (retired), Chief Research Associate, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
Biography :

Professor. Major General (Ret.), Doctor of Technical Sciences, a top military expert, General Dvorkin was one of the main authors of the Russian Strategic Nuclear Forces and Strategic Missile Forces policy documents. He participated as an expert in the preparation of the SALT II, INF, START I, and START II treaties for many years, and made a noticeable contribution to the formation of the Soviet and Russian position at the negotiations on the limitation and reduction of strategic weapons. He participated in the testing of the first Soviet nuclear-powered ballistic missile submarines and the first submerged launches of ballistic missiles. He is an active member of the Russian Academy of Missile and Artillery Sciences, the Academy of Military Sciences, the Russian Engineering Academy, the International Engineering Academy, and the Academy of Cosmonautics. He is the author of more than 350 academic papers and numerous articles. His academic interests include missile dismantlement issues, combating terrorism, and nuclear safety and security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2003.

Dyatlov, Ivan A. image
Biography :

Since 1982 worked at Russian Antiplague Research Institute (Saratov). 1992 – Doctor of Medical Science. Research interests: development of medical immunobiological medications, medicine biology, immunology. In 1994-1998 – Head of the training section for specialists on danger infections. 1998-2005 – Deputy Director for research work of the Russian Antiplague Research Institute (Saratov). He is a member of Coordinate Science Council for Sanitation-and-Epidemiological Protection of Russian Federation. Since 2005 Director of the State Research Center of Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology of Federal Supervision Agency for Costumer Protection and Human Welfare. Author of more than 200 scientific works and guidance documents.

Einhorn, Robert image
City : USA
Affiliation : Senior Fellow, Brookings Institution
Biography :

Before joining Brookings in May 2013, served as the U.S. Department of State special advisor for nonproliferation and arms control, a position created by Secretary of State Hillary Clinton in 2009. Between 2001 and 2009, was a senior advisor at the Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS), where directed the Proliferation Prevention Program. Prior to joining CSIS, was assistant secretary of state for nonproliferation from 1999 to 2001, deputy assistant secretary of state for political-military affairs from 1992 to 1999, and a member of the State Department policy planning staff from 1986 to 1992. Between 1972 and 1986, held various positions at the U.S. Arms Control and Disarmament Agency (ACDA), including as ACDA’s representative to the strategic arms reduction talks with the Soviet Union. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2007. 

Ellis, Maureen image
Biography :

Maureen Ellis is the Senior Biosafety Advisor with Foreign Affairs Canada and the Public Health Agency of Canada, and the Director of Canada's WHO Collaborating Centre for Biosafety. She is responsible for providing guidance and training to national health authorities, international agencies and scientific institutes worldwide on issues pertaining to the safe and secure handling of dangerous pathogens. Ms Ellis, MSc. is a Registered Microbiologist and Registered Biosafety Professional.

Gaebel, Michael image
Biography :

Graduated from the Free University of Berlin. 2002-2006 – Director of an EC funded higher education cooperation programme, the ASEAN-EU University Network Programme. Since 2006 – Senior Project Manager of the European University Association.

Gottemoeller, Rose image
City : США
Affiliation : Distinguished Visiting Scholar at the CNS; Payne Distinguished Lecturer at the CISAC; Research Fellow at the Hoover Institution
Biography :

Rose Gottemoeller was sworn in as the Assistant Secretary of State for the Bureau of Arms Control, Verification and Compliance, on April 6, 2009. She was the chief negotiator of the New Strategic Arms Reduction Treaty (New START) with the Russian Federation. Since 2000, she had been with the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace. She most recently was a senior associate in the Carnegie Russia & Eurasia Program in Washington, D.C., where she worked on U.S.–Russian relations and nuclear security and stability. She also served as the director of the Carnegie Moscow Center from January 2006 – December 2008. Before joining the Endowment in October 2000, Ms. Gottemoeller was deputy undersecretary for defense nuclear nonproliferation in the U.S. Department of Energy. Previously, she served as the department's assistant secretary for nonproliferation and national security, with responsibility for all nonproliferation cooperation with Russia and the Newly Independent States. In 1994-1997, deputy director of the International Institute for Strategic Studies (London, United Kingdom). In 1993-1994, director for Russia, Ukraine, and Eurasia Affairs of the U.S. National Security Council. Research interests: nuclear nonproliferation and strategic security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 1994.

Gregoric, Miroslav image
Biography :

Graduated from University of Ljubljana, Mechanical engineering, made his Master on Heat and Mass transfer at Oregon State University . Director of Slovenian Nuclear Safety Administration for 13 years. Member of four Operational Safety Assessment Teams - OSART from 1991 to 1998. Head of Slovenian Delegation to Several IAEA General Conferences and to several Diplomatic Conferences in Nuclear field. Governor of Slovenia to the IAEA Board of Governors 1997/1998 and its Chairman 1998/1999. Head of Slovenian Delegation to the First Review Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on Nuclear Safety, 1999 . Chairman of the Committee of the Whole, IAEA General Conference 2000, Member of Slovenian delegation to the 2000 NPT Review Conference, New York, Chairman of the Working Group and Expert Group to Explore Whether there is a need to Amend the Convention on Physical Protection of Nuclear Material, 2000/2001, IAEA, Vienna . President of the Second Review Meeting of the Parties to the Convention on Nuclear Safety, 2002, Vienna. Director of BOMVIC (Baghdad Ongoing Monitoring Verification and Inspection Centre), UNMOVIC, 2002/2003. Since May 2005 he is responsible for the area of prevention in the Office of Nuclear Security, Department pf Nuclear Safety and Security, International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna.

Guo, Shuyong image
Biography :

Professor, Deputy Dean of the Department of International relations of Shanghai Jiao Tong University. He is also Deputy Secretary-General of Shanghai Association for International Strategic Studies. He has written many books on international security and crisis management issues.

Hecker, Siegfried image
Biography :

Dr. Hecker is visiting professor at the Stanford University Center for International Security and Cooperation and director emeritus at the Los Alamos National Laboratory/University of California. He was director of the Los Alamos National Laboratory from 1986-1997 and senior fellow until July 2005. He joined the Los Alamos National Laboratory as technical staff member in 1973, following a postdoctoral assignment there in 1968-1970 and a summer graduate student assignment in 1965. He served as chairman of the Center for Materials Science and division leader of the Materials Science and Technology Division before becoming director. From 1970 to 1973 he was a senior research metallurgist at the General Motors Research Laboratories. Dr. Hecker received his B.S. in metallurgy in 1965 and M.S. in metallurgy in 1967 from Case Institute of Technology and his Ph.D. in metallurgy in 1968 from Case Western Reserve University.

Herden, Rolf image
Biography :

1972 graduated from the Federal College of Public Administration (Bonn). Since 1972 has been serving at the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Since July 2002 – Head of Section Disarmament Cooperation/Global Partnership Projects.

Heyes, Alan image
Biography :

His prime role in DTI is to direct the nuclear programmes under the UK's Global Partnership programme where work is underway to address nuclear legacy issues, principally in Russia. Dr Heyes is a geologist by profession and has had some 30 years experience in managing and directing a number of Government funded technology programmes encompassing renewable energy and low carbon technologies.

Hinsdorf, Hans-Jürgen image
Biography :

In 1972 graduated from Moscow Energy Institute. In 1972-1985 was an engineer in Kraftwerksanlagen Enterprise. In 1985-1990 served at Ministry of Coal and Energy of former GDR. Since 1990 works at the German Federal Ministry of Economics and Technology, Division of Nuclear Energy.

Holcombe, Wayne image
Biography :

Mr. Holcombe's career began with service in the U.S. Navy Nuclear Power Program where he served for six years. He later worked in the nuclear power industry in design, construction and Quality Assurance at several plants. Prior to his current position he was the CTR Program Manager responsible for multiple CTR projects in Russia and Ukraine. He has also had a variety of senior positions for U.S Department of Energy, including assignments at Savannah River, Oak Ridge National Engineering Laboratory and the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory.

Kahilouto, Kari image
Biography :

Hold various positions at the Ministry for Foreign Affairs of Finland, including First Secretary and Counsellor, Division for Security Policy, Director, Division for Non-proliferation, Arms Control and Disarmament, Minister Counsellor and DCM at the Mission of Finland to NATO. In September 2005 appointed Ambassador of Finland to Conference on Disarmament. Was a member of Finland's delegations at the various arms control? Nonproliferation and disarmament negotiations and conference.

Kalinina, Natalia I. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Senior Researcher, Center for International Security, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO
Biography :

Doctor of Medical Sciences, Professor. One of the leading experts in the field of chemical and biological disarmament. Experienced scientist, auditor, multilateral person, whose reasearches in biologics, chemistry, policy, economy are of invaluable contribution to the science and for further reasearch perspectives.  From 1994 to 2007 worked for central organs of political departments of the Russian Federation, including the post of Assistant to the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation in 2003-2004. and Deputy head of the inspection of the Accounts Chamber of the Russian Federation in 2005-2007. 

Kislyak, Sergei I. image
City : Washington DC
Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary of the Russian Federation to the USA
Biography :

Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary. Works at diplomatic service since 1977. Occupied various posts in the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affaires in Moscow and abroad. In 1995-1998 – Director of Security and Disarmament Department. In 1998-2003 – Ambassador of the Russian Federation in Belgium and Russia's permanent representative to the NATO. Since July 2003 – Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.

Konoplyanik, Andrei A. image
Biography :

Graduated from the Economics Department of the State Academy of Administration. 1995 – Doctor in economics. 1991-1993 – Deputy Minister for foreign economic relations and foreign investments of the Ministry of Fuel and Energy of Russian Federation. 1999-2002 – President of the Foundation of energetic and investment policy development and project lending. Participated in the developing of the “Russian Energy Strategy until 2020 year”. Author of more than 300 publications, co-authored more than 40 books.

Kozyulin, Vadim B. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center
Position : Consultant, "Global & Regional Security: New ideas for Russia" Program
Expertise :
Russia-NATO relations
Central Asia
Illegal arms traffic
Military-technical cooperation between Russia and other countries
Cyber security
Arms control
Biography :

In 1990, he graduated from MGIMO University. He worked in the Foreign Ministry of the USSR/Russia, in the Moscow News newspaper. In 2000-2002, he studied Management in the Military-Technical Cooperation course at the Russian Foreign Trade Academy.  Since 1994 he is a Research Fellow at the PIR Center. Head of the Center for Global Studies & International Organizations of the Institute for Contemporary International Studies of the Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation. He is a Member of the Expert Council on the International Humanitarian Law of the State Duma of the Russian Federation, participant of the International Panel on the Regulation of Autonomous Weapons Systems (IPRAW), participant of the Russian-American Dartmouth dialogue. He has more than 300 publications on international security issues. His research interests include military artificial intelligence, new weapons systems, arms control, Russia's military-technical cooperation with foreign states, strategic stability, Russia-US and Russia-NATO relations, Central Asia and Afghanistan, and illicit arms trade. 09/20

Krause, Keith image
Biography :

Member of the Graduate Institute of International Studies faculty since 1994, Mr. Krause is currently Director of the Programme in Strategic and International Security Studies, and Programme Director of the Small Arms Survey. His research interests focus on three areas: arms transfers and contemporary arms control issues, changing concepts of security, and multilateralism and the United Nations system. He is on the editorial boards of Global Governance and the European Journal of International Relations, and has recently served on the Board of Directors of the Academic Council on the United Nations System.

Kurai, Takashi image
Biography :

Started his work in the Ministry of Foreign Affaires of Japan in 1981. From 1995 to 2001 occupied various positions in Japanese embassies around the world. Since 2001 - Director of Central and Eastern European Department of the MFA of Japan. Since 2003 – Director of International Information Unit of the Department of International Information of the MFA of Japan. Since 2005 – Minister on political issues of the Embassy of Japan to the Russian Federation.

Kvile, Robert image
Biography :

Received PhD in Slavic Linguistics at University of Oslo in 1987. Joined Foreign Service in 1987. Posted in Prague (1990-1993) and in Brussels (1993-1996), Consul General in Murmansk (2000-2002). At MFA in Oslo worked mainly with security policy issues and Russia affairs. From 2003 Deputy Director General and Head of Section for the Northern Areas, Polar Affairs and Nuclear Safety.

Laura Holgate image
Biography :

In 2001-2009 - Vice President for Russia/New Independent States Programs at the Nuclear Threat Initiative. Ms. Holgate joined NTI after serving in a number of senior positions in the federal government. She managed the Cooperative Threat Reduction program at the U.S. Department of Defense, which provides assistance to Russia and the new independent states in securing and destroying excess nuclear, chemical and biological weapons and materials. She also served as director of the Office of Fissile Materials Disposition at the U.S. Department of Energy. Ms. Holgate has received numerous public service awards and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations and the Executive Board of Women in International Security.

Lehman Ronald image
Biography :

Director of the Center for Global Security Research at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. Previously, he was the Director of the US Arms Control and Disarmament Agency, Assistant Secretary of Defense, Chief START Negotiator, and Deputy Assistant to the President of the United States. In 1995, he was named to the President's Advisory Board on Arms Proliferation Policy.

Litavrin, Peter G. image
Biography :

Graduated from Moscow State University in 1974. Received PhD in Historical Science. From 1974 to 1987 worked at the Institute for the USA and Canadian Studies (ISKRAN), the Russian Academy of Sciences. Since 1987 works at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Participated in the work of the UN expert groups on Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALW) and Register of Conventional Arms. Wrote many research papers on disarmament, export control and arms trade.

Luedeking, Ruediger image
Biography :

Entered the German Foreign Service in 1980. Among other positions, Mr. Ludeking served as Deputy Head of the German Delegation to the Conference on Disarmament; Chairman of the Verification Working Group at Chemical Weapons Negotiations; Head of Economic Affairs Department at the German Embassy in London; Director of Conventional Arms Control, and Director of Nuclear Arms Control and Non-Proliferation at the German Foreign Office.

Lulashnyk, Troy image
Biography :

Since the launch of the G8-led Global Partnership in 2002, Troy Lulashnyk has been Director in Canada's Global Partnership Program. Currently, he is responsible for overseeing the nuclear and radiological security portfolio, the nuclear submarine dismantlement portfolio, the chemical weapons destruction portfolio and the implementation of the Canada-Russia Global Partnership Treaty. Prior to 2002, he was the Senior Policy Advisor on non-proliferation, arms control and disarmament at Canada's Department of Foreign Affairs.

Mamykin, Vladimir N. image
Biography :

In 1977 graduated from Technical faculty, University of cryptography and telecommunications, in 1982 post graduated from University of cryptography and telecommunications. In 2001 obtained MBA in Kingston University, London, United KingdomHe has 25 years experience of development and implementation on information security systems for governmental and business structures. Author of ideas, manager for development and marketing promotion famous software. Also developed and successfully implemented strategies for a number of companies. Published more than 70 articles on theoretical mathematics. Has many articles on computers and security are published in media.

Mariani, Bernardo image
Biography :

With a 10-year experience in the design, implementation, monitoring and review of arms export controls and small arms and light weapons (SALW) control initiatives, Mr Mariani has managed and implemented several advocacy and research programs, which have played an important role in drawing attention to the proliferation and misuse of SALW in South, Central and Eastern Europe. He has also taken part in high-level international advocacy across Europe, working with governments, regional and international organizations (such as the EU, OSCE and UNDP) and civil society organizations.

Maslin, Evgeny P. (1937–2022) image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PIR Center Executive Board member, Consultant ANO ASPECT-CONVERSION
Biography :

Colonel General (Ret.), one of the founders of Russia's programs for international cooperation in the dismantlement of surplus armaments, an accomplishment recognized by the award of several government honors, including the Order of the Red Star, Order for Service to the Fatherland, and many medals. A leading expert on nuclear security, nuclear weapons reductions, and verification mechanisms. Laureate of the Russian State Prize. Worked in USSR/Russian Ministry of Defense organizations for more than 40 years, including from 1992-1997 as head of the Russian Ministry of Defense 12th Main Directorate, which is responsible for the security of nuclear munitions. Author of many publications in Russian and English, including articles on nuclear security, the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, and nuclear nonproliferation. He was awarded the Order of Military Merit and the Order of Courage.

He was born on May 20, 1937, in the village of Novotomnikovo, Morshansky district, Tambov region. He graduated from an elementary four-grade school in Voronezh, a seven-year school, and a secondary school in 1954.

Evgeny Petrovich had served in the Soviet Army since 1954. Graduated from the Military Academy of Communications named after S. M. Budyonny (Leningrad) in 1959. Since 1959, he served in the units of the 12th Main Directorate of the USSR Ministry of Defense (responsible for the operation, storage, maintenance, transportation and disposal of nuclear ammunition): military engineer, head of the group, head of the department, since 1979 - chief engineer of the compound (Vologda region), since 1981 - commander of the compound (Vologda). Graduated from the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation in 1993.

Since April 1989 - First Deputy Head of the 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR. Since July 16, 1992 - Head of the 12th Main Directorate of the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation. The period of service in these leadership positions fell at the time of the collapse of the USSR. General Maslin ensured the export of nuclear ammunition and top-secret equipment to Russia, first from the countries of Eastern Europe, and then from the former Soviet Union republics that became independent states. An active participant in negotiations with the United States on security, arms reduction and mutual control of nuclear weapons.

Since 1997, Evgeny Petrovich has retired. However, he continued to be active, was a major expert in the field of nuclear weapons safety and in matters of their safe disposal. Author of a large number of publications on these issues. Academician of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences.

Evgeny Petrovich's acquaintance with the PIR Center was curious — it was not Maslin who found PIR Center, but PIR Center in the person of the director, Vladimir Orlov, found Evgeny Petrovich: "I wasn't going to work at all after a very hard service and just enjoyed the rest. He called me, and we walked around Petrovsky Park for a long time, in general, he charmed me. That's how I ended up at PIR Center. General Maslin worked as a senior advisor to PIR Center, then as a PIR Center Executive Board member. He remained a member of the Board - the highest body of our organization - until the last day of his life.

In 2002, U.S. Senators Sam Nunn and Richard Lugar awarded him the Medal for Services in the field of WMD proliferation threat reduction and contribution to the development of the Joint Threat Reduction Program (Nunn-Lugar Program). 

Thanks to his experience, Colonel General Maslin had always played an important role in improving the effectiveness of the physical protection of the nuclear arsenal of the Russian Federation. Evgeny Petrovich was also actively engaged in teaching, giving lectures and reports to students, young specialists, military and diplomats in Moscow, Geneva, Washington, etc.

He was also actively engaged in public activities: a member of the Boards of the Club of Business People, a member of the Board of the Vologda Community, president of the H. S. Ledentsov Rodnik Foundation.

In April of 2017, Evgeny Maslin gave a speech during the debates “Will the world be safer without nuclear weapons?”, which were part of the seventeenth International School on global security, organized by PIR Center. After having heard both debating sides, Colonel General Maslin shared his own view: “Will the world be more secure without nuclear weapons? First, we need to understand what is “safer”, and what is “world”. For example, in the case of the nuclear war, will the penguins in Antarctica suffer? Of course, they will. Therefore, if we think of the world in terms of the whole planet, then it is high time for humankind to stop threatening each other (with nuclear weapons as well) and start dealing with universal problems. However, in the current situation the world would not be any safer, this is my deepest conviction”.

Evgeny Maslin commented his speeches in the following way: “Whenever I give a presentation on some conferences, I always start with the following: “Dear Ladies and Gentlemen! I would like to say, that first of all am a practitioner. So, I apologize for the fact that my expressions or my views would be slightly different from the generally accepted in the scientific world. Because everything about the nuclear security I know not from the books, but from my own experience”. In his interaction with young specialists at the School Colonel General Maslin also drew on his rich practical experience, which is simply priceless for the new generation of experts.

Evgeny Maslin also participated in the round table “What kind of world does Russia need, and what kind of Russia does the world need?”. His views on the issue Colonel General Maslin expressed in the following way: “Patriotism — is not so much praising and admiration of one’s Motherland, but rather an aspiration to make it better, not so many right words and considerations, but rather right deeds. Right actions of everyone on one’s own place. To raise the children as decent people, give them education, prepare for the responsible life — that is patriotism”.

In an interview in 2014, "The meaning of life is to live" (in Russian) Evgeny Maslin told PIR Center about himself and his life, advised how a senior lieutenant should cope with the post of lieutenant colonel, shared how knowledge of Kipling and Yevtushenko helps in negotiations with the Americans and explained whether it is worth shooting down asteroids with nuclear charges.

The last text prepared by Evgeny Petrovich was an understanding of the Russian-American dialogue on nuclear nonproliferation, which he made at the request of PIR Center: "If young people on both sides of the Bering Strait are thinking about how we can straighten Russian-American relations, not everything is lost," he writes. This text in Russian and English is being published today for the first time, and the book where it is published still smells of printing ink.

To preserve the memory of Evgeny Petrovich Maslin and to honor the talented statesman, PIR Center placed on its website a Colonel General Evgeny P. Maslin Memory Gallery.

Mathiot, Alain image
Biography :

1998 - 2003: CEA Technological Research Division: Head of CEREM (Center for materials research and new technologies, staff 650); 1990 - 1998: CEA Defense Applications Division (DAM): Head of the materials development service in the nuclear technology department.

Melville, Andrei Y. image
Biography :

Doctor of Philosophy. Worked at Institute of the USA and Canada Studies (1975 – 1989). Since 1989 works at Moscow State Institute of International Relations (University) of Russian Ministry of Foreign Affaires. He was also a visiting lecturer in Norway and the USA, a head of Soros Foundation's different international projects. He is a member of editorial boards of several research journals and research associations.

Nechiporenko, Oleg M. image
Biography :

Former officer of the KGB First Main Division (foreign intelligence). Has worked in the Soviet intelligence services for more than 30 years, including work in Mexico, Vietnam, Libya and Nicaragua. In 1985-91 he chaired the Department at Andropov Institute (currently – Academy of Foreign Intelligence). He is an expert in international security and counter-terrorism; one of the authors of Russian federal law “On Fight against Terrorism”. At present he heads the National Anti-Criminal and Anti-terrorist Foundation.

Nikonov, Vyacheslav A. image
Affiliation : Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Education, Chairman of the Management Board, Russkiy Mir Foundation
Biography :

President, Policy Foundation. Since 2007 Vyacheslav Nikonov has been the Executive Director of the Management Board at Russkiy Mir Foundation. Since 1993 Mr. Nikonov has served as President of the “Polity” Foundation and in 2003 he became President of the 'Unity for Russia' Foundation. Vyacheslav Nikonov is active in many political and policy organizations. He is president of Club – 93; Vice-President of the Association of Political Consultancy Centers; Deputy Chairman of the Editorial Board, "Russia in Global Affairs;" Member of the Board, Council on Foreign and Defense Policy; Member of the Board, Russian Public Policy Center; and a member of the Advisory Council, Carnegie Endowment (Moscow Branch). He is also editor-in-chief of "Russia's Strategy." From 1994 to 1996, Mr. Nikonov was a member of the State Duma, where he served as the chairman of the Subcommittee for International Security and Arms Control. In 1997-2001 Vyacheslav Nikonov was a member of the political Advisory Council under the President of the Russian Federation, the Human Rights Committee under the President of the Russian Federation and the Presidential Expert Council on Political Extremism. Since 2011 - member of State Duma of RF.

Nobile, Massimiliano image
Biography :

In 1972 obtained a university degree in nuclear engineering; he has more than 30 years of working experience in nuclear plants operation and management. The author of more than 30 papers presented worldwide. Since 1988 he was member of many International Working Groups. Since 1993 he has been involved in nuclear projects in East European countries financed, in particular, by the EU. In 1999 he was nominated Engineering Director of Sogin. In May 2003 he was nominated Director of “Russia Project”, dealing in particular with the Global Partnership activities, which see Sogin as the coordinator of the Italian contribution to the Program. In January 2006 he was nominated Director of External Projects Directorate of Sogin, maintaining the previous duties and responsibilities.

Ozerov, Oleg B. image
Biography :

Professional diplomatic official. Works in Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs since 1981. Occupied posts in Tunisia, Syria, France. Author of a number of publications concerning Israeli-Arab conflict, Islam, European integration, globalization.

Pamfilova, Ella image
Biography :

Chairman of the All-Russia Union of Public Associations «Civil Society for the Children of Russia». Chairman of the Presidium of the All-Russia Public Movement «Civil Worth». In1989, she became a people's deputy of the USSR, member of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In 1993 she was elected as a deputy of the State Duma of the Russian Federation from Kaluga oblast. Worked in the Committee for Social Policy. In December 1995 she was re-elected as a deputy of the State Duma . In 2000 she became the first female presidential candidate in Russia's history. In July 2002 she was assigned by the President of the Russian Federation to the post of the Chairman of the Civil Rights Commission under the President of the Russian Federation (since November 2004 - Chairman of the Civil Society Institutions and Human Rights Council under the President of the Russian Federation).

Potter, William image
City : Monterey, US
Affiliation : Director, James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Middlebury Institute of International Studies
Biography :

Doctor, Professor. Member of the international relations division of the Pacific Council on International Policy, and the International Institute for Strategic Studies. Adviser on nonproliferation to the UN Secretary General. Research interests: nonproliferation in the former Soviet Union.

Rauf Tariq image
City : Vienna, Austria
Affiliation : Member, International Advisory Board, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastroph
Biography :

In 2012-2014 - Principal at Global Nuclear Solutions, Inc. Until 2012 - Head of verification and security policy coordination at the IAEA. Scientific Secretary, IAEA Director General's Expert Group on Multilateral Approaches to the Nuclear Fuel Cycle (2004/2005). Director of the International Organizations and Nonproliferation Program, at the Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey Institute of International Studies, from September 1995 until February 2002. Advisor and Non-Proliferation Expert with the Minister of Foreign Affairs and the Department of Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Canada), and to the House Commons Standing Committee on Foreign Affairs and International Trade (Parliament of Canada), 1990-2002. Senior Associate at the former Canadian Center for Global Security (the Canadian Center for Arms Control and Disarmament) in Ottawa, 1986-1995. Expert Advisor to the Canberra Commission on the Elimination of Weapons of Mass Destruction, 1995. Consultant with the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization since 2018. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2013.

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