Strategic stability in its classical sense – understood as a state of US-Russian relations under which neither side has incentives to launch a first nuclear strike – was developed during the Cold War. Such stability is achieved by “seeking agreements that improve survivability, remove incentives for...

Russia’s vision of arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation issues remains in fact very conventional. It is pragmatic and realistic. We do not feel “constrained by traditional formats and diplomatic protocol”. On the contrary, we strongly believe that in many cases using proven formats and ke...

It was almost two decades ago, when I was brought a manuscript. It was entitled “Information challenges to national and international security”. International information security – or cybersecurity, to use the more popular but grossly oversimplified term – is now high on the agenda of global challe...

Amb. Vyacheslav Trubnikov

Summary of remarks by Amb. Vyacheslav Trubnikov

PIR Center International School of Global Security, 2019


We should not become preoccupied with military security to the exclusion of all else. The future security architecture should be viewed from all the numerous and often conflicting vantage point...

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Security Index Authors

Makarov Nikolay image
Biography :

Graduated from Moscow Combined Arms Command School in 1971 and assumed command over a platoon (later, company and battalion) with the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany. In 1979, he earned a degree at Frunze Military Academy and reported to the then Transbaikal Military District as deputy regiment commander, deputy division commander, motorized rifle division commander. In 1993, graduated from the General Staff Academy and was appointed as Chief of Staff, Russian Joint Forces in Tajikistan, and later was assigned to Volga Military District as the Chief of Staff. In 1998 he took up the post as Land and Seashore Force Commander at the Baltic Fleet. In 1999 he assumed the duties as First Deputy Commander in Moscow Military District, in 2002 – as Commander in Siberian Military District. In 2005 he was promoted to his present rank of General of the Army. In 2007 he was appointed as Chief of the Armament for the Russian Armed Forces, Deputy Minister of Defense. In 2008-2012 - Chief of the Russian General Staff of the Armed Forces and First Deputy Defense Minister of the Russian Federation.

Makarychev Andrey image
Affiliation : Professor of the Department of International Relations and Political Science of the Nizhny Novgorod Linguistic University
Biography :

Dr. Makarychev was born in 1965. He graduated Nizhy Novgorod State University in 1989 and the European Institute of High International Studies in Nizza (France) in 1994. He worked as a Visiting Research Fellow at the Center for Security Studies (Zurich, 1999-2001) and the Danish Institute for International Studies (2003-2005). His areas of research include regional aspects of security, soft security, constructivism.

Maltsev Vladimir image
Affiliation : Department Chair at the Military Academy of the Strategic Missile Forces
Biography :

Born in 1952 in Ukraine and in 1982 he graduated the Dzerzhinsky Military Academy. In 1985 he defended his doctoral thesis and in 1992 became Associate Professor (since 2007 – Full Professor). He joined the academy in 1980. The area of research interest includes space technologies and engineering.

Malygina Anastasia image
City : St. Petersburg, Russia
Affiliation : Senior Lecturer in the International Relations faculty of St. Petersburg State University
E-mail :
Biography :

Dr. Malygina graduated with honors from the International Relations faculty of St. Petersburg State University. In 2007 she defended her doctoral thesis on the prospects of the nuclear nonproliferation regime and participated in the International Summer School on Global Security.

Marcel de Haas image
Affiliation : Senior Research Associate at the Clingendael Security and Conflict Program in Clingendael Institute (the Netherlands)
Biography :

He has formerly fulfilled positions as military-political analyst, lecturer in international relations and international law, head research branch NATO School and policy advisor at the Dutch Defense Staff. He has been responsible for the drafting of the first edition of the Netherlands Defence Doctrine in 2005. He has lectured at American, Azerbaijani, Baltic, Bulgarian, British, Chinese, Danish, Dutch, Georgian, NATO, Russian and South African defence colleges and universities. In 1987 he has got MA with the thesis on Soviet policy towards Southern Africa in University of Leiden (the Netherlands). In 2004 – PhD (thesis on Russia's security policy and airpower) in University of Amsterdam. He is an author of more than 150 publications on defense and national security policy.

Margelov, Mikhail V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Vice-President, Joint-Stock Company Transneft
Biography :

In 2014 Mikhail Margelov was appointed Vice President of Transneft, JSC. Representative of the Pskov Region Administration to the Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly. In the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE), he is a member of the Committee on the Honouring of Obligations and Commitments by Member States of the Council of Europe (Monitoring Committee), the Political Affairs Committee and the Sub-Committee on the Middle East. In March 2011 Mikhail Margelov has been appointed as Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation on the cooperation with African countries. From December 2008 until March 2011 he served as the Special Representative of the President of the Russian Fedration on Sudan. Until 2005 Mikhail Margelov was the Vice-Chairman of the PACE. Before 2000 - the head of the group of political observers of Russian Information Agency Vesti. In 1986 graduated from Moscow State University. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2002.

Markedonov Sergey image
Affiliation : head of Interethnic Relations Section, Institute of Political and Military Analysis
E-mail :
Biography :

Born in 1972 in Rostov-on-Don. In 1995 he graduated with honors the faculty of history of the Rostov State University, and in 1998 he finished his postgraduate studies there. He defended his doctoral thesis in the Institute of Russian History of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1999; member of the Russian Union of Journalists (since 1998). Dr. Markedonov is the author of two books, 200 articles and over 300 media publications on sociopolitical development of the Caucasus, problems of interethnic relations and conflicts, religious situation in the Caucasus and in the postSoviet space. His articles were published in Izvestia, Moscovskiye Novosti, Nezavisimaya Gazeta, Politichesky Zhurnal, Znamya, Novy Mir, Apologiya. He has a substantial field experience in the North and South Caucasus (visits to conflict zones and unrecognized republics).

Martynov Boris image
Affiliation : Deputy Head of the Latin America Institute at the Russian Academy of Sciences, Professor of the Moscow State Institute of International Affairs (MGIMO)
Biography :

Graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Affairs in 1975 with a degree in International Law. Awarded a PhD in History by the Latin America Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences in 1981. Awarded a PhD in Political Sciences in 1998. Author of six monographs on history and politics of Latin America and on Russia's relations with countries in the region.

Martynov Sergei image
Biography :

In 2003-2012 - Minister for Foreign Affairs of Belarus.

Martynyuk, Raisa A. image
Biography :

Graduated form the Novosibirsk State University, Biology Department, in 1967. Area of scientific interests – international cooperation against virulent diseases and bio-terrorism. Holds a doctorate degree in biology.

Maslin, Evgeny P. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Counsellor, Aspect-Conversion. PIR Center Executive Board member, Security Index Editorial Board Member
Biography :

Colonel General (Ret.), one of the founders of Russia's programs for international cooperation in the dismantlement of surplus armaments, an accomplishment recognized by the award of several government honors, including the Order of the Red Star, Order for Service to the Fatherland, and many medals. A leading expert on nuclear security, nuclear weapons reductions, and verification mechanisms. Laureate of the Russian State Prize. Worked in USSR/Russian Ministry of Defense organizations for more than 40 years, including from 1992-1997 as head of the Russian Ministry of Defense 12th Main Directorate, which is responsible for the security of nuclear munitions. Author of many publications in Russian and English, including articles on nuclear security, the Cooperative Threat Reduction program, and nuclear nonproliferation.

Miasnikov, Evgeny V. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Lecturer, General Physics Department, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
Biography :

Candidate of Physical and Mathematical Sciences. Eugene Miasnikov was graduated from the Department of Aerophysics and Space Research of Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology (MIPT) in 1985. In 1989 he got his Ph. Degree in Physics from MIPT. His dissertation was devoted to the problem of polarized laser light propagation in ocean water. Subsequently, until the end of 1991, he worked in the Scientific Production Association "ELAS" (Zelenograd) as an expert in remote sensing of the ocean from airborne and space platforms. In 1992, Eugene was a visiting fellow at the Defense and Arms Control Studies Program (currently, Security Studies Program) of Massachusetts Institute of Technology, where he studied current state-of-the-art of submarine detection and its impact on strategic stability in the world. Since 1992 Evgene Miasnikov has been working in the Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies, and an active participant of the Center's research projects. In 2011 Eugene was elected the Director of the Center. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2011. Member of the Sustainable Partnership with Russia (SuPR) Group since 2013.

Mironova, Irina Y. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : PhD Student at the Energy Research Institute of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Expertise :
Relations between South Korea and DPRK
Russian energy policy
Energy Charter and European energy markets
Biography :

Holds master's degree from the University of Groningen, the Netherlands (Modern History and International Relations, 2010) and bachelor's degree from the Ural State University, Ekaterinburg, Russia (International Relations / Oriental Studies, 2008). In 2005-2006 participated in student exchange programme in Sungkyunkwan University (Seoul, South Korea). In 2009-2010 was an intern at the Netherlands Institute of International Relations Clingendael (The Hague, the Netherlands), in May-August 2010 participated in a traineeship programme at the Energy Charter Secretariat (Brussels, Belgium). Irina has publications in International Gas (magazine of the International Gas Union), Eurasia Energy Observer and other editions. Academic interests include regions of Northeast Asia and Central Asia, and regional aspects of energy security.

Mitrova Tatiana image
Affiliation : head of the Center for Global Energy Market Studies, Institute of Energy Research of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Biography :

After graduating the Department of Economics of the Moscow State University in 1994, Dr. Mitrova worked in consulting firms dealing with energy issues. Since 1998 she joined the Institute of Energy Research, where in 2006 she was appointed head of the center. Tatiana Mitrova is a member of the regional study group on energy scenarios of the World Energy Council, the Program Committee B (Strategy, Economics, and Regulation) of the International Gas Union and takes part in the work of the group on foreign economic activities and international cooperation of the Russian Gas Society. In 2006 she was a member of the Energy Safety and Security Group of the G8 Organizational Committee. Dr. Mitrova is the author of more than 30 articles on energy issues. Major research
areas are analysis of the development of global energy markets and exportimport policy of Russia in this area.

Moiseyev, Mikhail image
Affiliation : Director-General of the Russian Federal Retraining Center for Retired Officers.
Biography :

Dr., Chairman of the General Staff's association of veterans. Deputy Chairman of the Coordination Council for Social Security of Military Servicemen under the Chairman of the Russian legislature’s upper chamber. Chairman of the Council of the Association of Veterans of the Russian Armed Forces. He graduated the Frunze Military Academy in 1972 and the Voroshilov Military Academy of the General Staff in 1982. In the 1980s he commanded a combined arms army and then the Far East Military District. In 1988 he was appointed Chief of the Soviet General Staff, a post he held until 1991.

Morogov Alexander image
Affiliation : lecturer in Japanese at the Institute of History and Political Science of Tyumen State University
Biography :

Graduate student of the Institute of History and Political Science of Tyumen State University. He graduated from Tyumen State University with a degree in international relations. His research interests include the energy policy of Japan, the nuclear potential of Japan and energy security cooperation.

Morozov Yury image
Affiliation : head of the European security section of the Institute of Europe of the Russian Academy of Sciences
Biography :

Col. (res.) Morozov leads the joint RussianDanish research project on peacekeeping. He graduated the Frunze Military Academy in 1982 and the General Staff Academy in 1992, as well as the NATO Defense College in 2000. Prof. Morozov participated in the UN peacekeeping missions in the Balkans and in the Caucasus; he served as a UN military observer in former Yugoslavia (19941995), in Georgia/Abkhazia (20002001). Dr. Morozov is an author of many research papers on peacekeeping, local conflicts, etc. He is professor of the Academy of Military Sciences, International Science Academy for National Security Issues, corresponding member of the Russian Academy of Geopolitical Problems.

Müller, Harald image
City : Frankfurt, Germany
Affiliation : Senior Researcher, Frankfurt Institute of Peace Problems
Biography :

Dr., Prof., Director of the Peace Research Institute (Frankfurt, Germany). Member of the Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters of the UN Secretary General. Member of the Advisory Board of the German Federal Security Academy. Professor of the John Hopkins University (Bologna, Italy). Professor of International Relations, University of Frankfurt Research interests: international security. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 1997.

Murogov Victor M. image
City : Obninsk, Russia
Affiliation : Chairman, International Union of Veterans of Nuclear Energy and Industry
Expertise :
Nuclear energy sector
Nuclear safety
Biography :

Professor of State Technical University of Nuclear Power (Obninsk), Chief Scientist of Russian Research Centre Kurchatov Institute (Moscow), Director of Russian Association Nuclear Science and Education (RANSE).Graduated from Moscow Institute of Physics and Engineering in 1961. In 1989 he received Doctor's degree in Nuclear Physics. From 1996 to 2004 the Deputy General Director of International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) and represented the Russian Federation in IAEA. During this period he also worked as the Head of Department of Nuclear Energy of IAEA, General Manager of IAEA MP 1 – “Nuclear Power, Fuel Cycle and Nuclear Science”. In 2000-2003 a Project Manager for the NPRO International Project. In 2008 he became the Director of International Center Nuclear Education, MEPhI(Moscow). PIR Center Advisory Board member since 2009.

Mursaliev, Azer A. image
City : Moscow
Affiliation : Editor-in-Chief of the Kommersant Publishing House, Security Index Editorial Board Member
Biography :

Renowned journalist, columnist, and analyst. Author of vivid, profound articles on contemporary political topics. One of the leading specialists in the sphere of energy security. Has already worked for Kommersant publications for about ten years, forming policy on the coverage of international affairs for one of the most authoritative and influential publications in Russia – the newspaper Kommersant. In 2005-2008 worked as the Deputy Editor-in-Chief of Kommersant newspaper.

Nadezhda Sikorsky image
Affiliation : Chief Editor of Nasha
Nikitin, Alexander I. image
City : Moscow, Russia
Affiliation : Director, Center for Political and International Studies
Biography :

Doctor of Political Science, Prof. Full professor of the Political Science department of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), professor of the RF Academy of Military Sciences. Previously, research officer of the Institute for the U.S. and Canadian Studies of RAS, member of the USSR mission to the UN. Research interests: international security, nuclear disarmament policy, resolution of regional conflicts. PIR Center Advisory Board member since 1994.

Nikitina Yuliya image
Affiliation : Research Fellow at the Center for Post-Soviet Studies; lecturer of the international politics department of the Russian Foreign Ministry's Moscow State Institute of International Affairs (MGIMO)
Biography :

Graduated from MGIMO in 2002 with a degree in Political Sciences. In 2004 completed a Russian-French Master's course in World Politics delivered jointly by MGIMO and Institute of Political Studies.

Nikonov, Vyacheslav A. image
Affiliation : Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Education, Chairman of the Management Board, Russkiy Mir Foundation
Biography :

President, Policy Foundation. Since 2007 Vyacheslav Nikonov has been the Executive Director of the Management Board at Russkiy Mir Foundation. Since 1993 Mr. Nikonov has served as President of the “Polity” Foundation and in 2003 he became President of the 'Unity for Russia' Foundation. Vyacheslav Nikonov is active in many political and policy organizations. He is president of Club – 93; Vice-President of the Association of Political Consultancy Centers; Deputy Chairman of the Editorial Board, "Russia in Global Affairs;" Member of the Board, Council on Foreign and Defense Policy; Member of the Board, Russian Public Policy Center; and a member of the Advisory Council, Carnegie Endowment (Moscow Branch). He is also editor-in-chief of "Russia's Strategy." From 1994 to 1996, Mr. Nikonov was a member of the State Duma, where he served as the chairman of the Subcommittee for International Security and Arms Control. In 1997-2001 Vyacheslav Nikonov was a member of the political Advisory Council under the President of the Russian Federation, the Human Rights Committee under the President of the Russian Federation and the Presidential Expert Council on Political Extremism. Since 2011 - member of State Duma of RF.

Novikov Vladimir image
Affiliation : Senior Research Associate, Deputy Director, Defense Research Center, Russian Institute for Strategic Studies
Biography :

Ph.D. in Economics. Research interests: nuclear nonproliferation, development of nuclear and technical policy of threshold countries, use of atomic energy in developed and developing countries.

Nunn Sam image
Affiliation : Co-Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of the Nuclear Threat Initiative
E-mail :
Biography :

He served as a U.S. Senator from Georgia from 1972 to 1996. Nunn attended Georgia Tech, Emory University and Emory Law School, where he graduated with honors in 1962. After active duty service in the U.S. Coast Guard, he served six years in the U.S. Coast Guard Reserve. He first entered politics as a member of the Georgia House of Representatives in 1968. During his tenure in the U.S. Senate, Nunn served as chairman of the Senate Armed Services Committee and the Permanent Subcommittee on Investigations. He also served on the Intelligence and Small Business Committees. His legislative achievements include the landmark Department of Defense Reorganization Act, drafted with the late Senator Barry Goldwater, and the Nunn-Lugar Cooperative Threat Reduction Program, which provides assistance to Russia and the former Soviet republics for securing and destroying their excess nuclear, biological and chemical weapons. In addition to his work with NTI, Nunn has continued his service in the public policy arena as a distinguished professor in the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs at Georgia Tech and as chairman of the board of the Center for Strategic and International Studies in Washington, DC.

Obrenovich (Zueva), Irina image
Affiliation : Historian
Biography :

In 1990 Graduated from the Faculty of History of the Moscow State University (MGU), Department of the Modern and Contemporary History of European and American Countries. Starting from 1996 she lives and works in Belgrade, Serbia

Oganesyan Armen image
Affiliation : Editor-in-Chief of the Mezhdunarodnaya Zhizn (International Affairs) journal
Biography :

Graduated from the Moscow Lomonosov State University. Served as the Chief Editor of Moscow International Radio's Britain and Ireland broadcasting in 1983–1990. Appointed as the Soviet State TV and Radio Company's London correspondent in 1987. Director-General of the Ostankino Radio and TV Corporation's Astra Company in 1990–1992. Head of the Moscow International Radio in 1992–1994. In April 1993 – October 2008 served as chairman of Voice of Russia, the Russian state-owned radio broadcasting company. External advisor to the Russian Foreign Minister

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