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Latest Cyber Security Issues Discused in Geneva

17.05.2012

p7199_1.jpgMOSCOW, MAY 17, 2012. PIR PRESS - “The Russian experience in ensuring international information security is a positive one. It was thanks to Russia that information security issues have been developed in the UN agenda at the international level since 1998, and thereafter the Russian Federation continues to promote actively and systematically this range of problems in the framework of various structures and platforms in the Organization. Furthermore, in contrast with many other states, Russia has never resorted to using the red button – complete blocking of the internet on a large scale”, - Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva Victor Vasiliev.  

On  April 26, 2012 in Geneva, Switzerland, it the joint extended meeting of PIR Center's Trialogue Club International and PIR Center's European branch Centre russe d'etudes politiques was held on issues of information security and global internet governance. President of PIR Center Vladimir Orlov opened the meeting, and Chairman of PIR Center Executive Board Mikhail Yakushev made the keynote report. Among others in discussion took part Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation in Geneva Victor Vasiliev and his American colleague Walter Reid, Head of International Telecommunication Union (ITU) Corporate Strategy Division Alexander Ntoko, and Vice President of Internet Society (ISOC) Markus Kummer. One of the largest European researchers and theorists of information technology, professor at the University of Zurich Rolf Weber gave a commentary on the main report.

p7199_2.jpgOpening the discussion, Mikhail Yakushev noticed an extraordinary breadth and complexity of the discussion agenda. The explosive growth in physical devices, boosted communications, together with an increasing in the number and range of communication channels at the physical level has made possible a mobile revolution in the internet, pushing PC in the second place. Other radical changes are coming at the level of IP-addresses with the global migration to the new version of IP protocol (from IPv4 to IPv6) under way. A distinct revolution is unfolding on the third level of the network architecture – in the space of DNS names. A separate issue represents the regulation of cross-border social networks, a true potential of which has been realized during the events of the Arab spring and last year's riots in London.

The search for solutions inevitably leads to the question of who should be regarded as legitimate subjects of global internet governance. According to participants' opinion, the only possible solution is the multistakeholderism approach – managing efforts of many stakeholders, - including governments, private sector, the civil society, together with the community of experts and internet-users community.

p7199_3.jpgIt became clear that cybersecurity issues had a direct bearing on the participants of discussion: as Chief Editor of a Swiss portal Nasha Gazeta.ch Nadezhda Sikorski noted the, in February of 2012 the site of Swiss press was cracked by powerful attacks and nearly destroyed. According to Vladimir Orlov, the PIR Center's site also faced cyber attacks from the territory of one of the CIS states in December 2011. The results of incidents' investigations, which in both cases have not leaded to concrete results until now and have not became a pretext for an institution of criminal proceedings, once again proved that there are some aspects to be developed at frame of international cooperation in ensuring cyber security, and the discussion, organized by PIR Center is very timely.

However, according to Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office and other international organizations in Geneva Victor Vasiliev, “The Russian experience in ensuring international information security is a positive one. It was thanks to Russia that information security issues have been developed in the UN agenda at the international level since 1998, and thereafter the Russian Federation continues to promote actively and systematically this range of problems in the framework of various structures and platforms in the Organization. Furthermore, in contrast with many other states, Russia has never resorted to using the red button – complete blocking of the internet on a large scale”. In the Deputy Permanent Representative's opinion, the problem is even more important in the spheres of finding common interests and goals, developing a shared vision of problems and challenges in terms of security - both in the wider international arena, including the platforms of the UN, the WTO, the ITU, and also in a bilateral format with key partners of the Russian Federation.

p7199_4.jpgDeputy Permanent Representative of United States of America in Geneva Walter Reid supported this point of view, underlining the high priority of search of a common agenda in the field of information security between the United States and the Russian Federation. The task of two powers now is to intensify the strategic dialogue on cyber security by developing confidence-building measures, and the essential ground here has already been laid. The promotion of multistakeholderism approach to the internet governance in developing countries, including Russia, meets the interests of the USA. Sustainable and constructive dialogue between two countries is not possible without an intensive and systematic cooperation of civil society and private sector, which form a common vision on problems and interests in the area of cyber security at the non-governmental level.   

PIR Center pays significant attention to issues of international security and global Internet governance. The article of PIR Center junior research fellow Oleg Demidov Social Networks in the International and National Security was published in international edition of Security Index Journal # 2 (99), Winter 2012. Currently PIR Center experts are working on a collection of articles on international cyber security and global internet governance.

For all questions related to the project International Cyber Security and Global Internet Governance please contact PIR Center junior research fellow Oleg Demidov, via phone: +7 (495) 987-19-15, fax: +7 (495) 987-19-14 or e-mail: demidov at pircenter.org

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