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Nuclear Security at PIR Center Summer School

29.07.2013

MOSCOW, JULY 29, 2013. PIR PRESS. – “Nuclear security modeling is a new and interesting framework, which gives an opportunity for practical usage of knowledge, received during the Summer School”, - third secretary of the  Minister Secretariat Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Volodymir Yatsiv.

Global Nuclear Security was one of the major topics of the PIR Center International Summer School on Global Security 2013. Nowadays a lot of new countries, including Russian CIS neighbors, start to develop nuclear energy technologies. On the one hand, technical progress opens new opportunities for such countries, on the other hand it creates extra risks for peaceful nuclear sphere. Problems of Soviet nuclear heritage in the CIS space are still unsolved.

Nuclear terrorism challenge poses extremely acute threat to the CIS countries in light of nuclear weapons problem in South Asia and nuclear infrastructure development in the Middle East. This problem was discussed in a separate thematic section of PIR Center Summer School.

The political context of the highlighted problem was discussed by participants of the Summer School with the major Russian experts on regional security problems. On July 10, 2013 the Director of the Institute of Oriental Studies, correspondent-member of Russian Academy of Sciences Vitaly Naumkin delivered a lecture, named “What happens in the Middle East?”. On July 11, 2013 Member of the Directorate of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Army general (retired) Vyacheslav Trubnikov gave a speech about nuclear security and nonproliferation problems in South Asia.

Senior Nuclear Security Officer of the Department of Nuclear Safety and Security of IAEA, PIR Center Advisory Board member Aleksey Ubeev delivered a serie of lectures on modern risks of atomic energy development and on international cooperation in nuclear security and nonproliferation.

During the Summer School participants from Russia, South Caucuses and Central Asia presented their reports at a seminar devoted to the nonproliferation and nuclear security. The topics varied from Iranian nuclear problem and cyber threats to the critical infrastructure objects to modern export control problems. The results of the seminar were commented by Aleksey Ubeev and PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov.

During the last day of the program on July 12, 2013 under the supervision of IAEA Senior Nuclear Security Officer Aleksey Ubeev and PIR Center Research Fellows Andrey Baklitsky and Alexander Cheban, for the first time on the Summer School new type of activity was introduced. During the role modeling “Challenges to Nuclear Security in the Middle East, Central Asia and South Asia" five groups of the Summer School participants received hypothetical scenarios of the crisis situations linked to nuclear security and nonproliferation in one of the regions mentioned above. The modeling results were presented on the general round table. In their final comments participants marked the advantages of the modeling and made the propositions on the improvement of the format. In particular, third secretary of the Minister Secretariat Department of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine Volodymir Yatsiv highlighted that “Nuclear security modeling is a new and interesting framework, which gives an opportunity for practical usage of knowledge’s, received during the Summer School”.

The participants also were able to expand their knowledge on different aspects of the countering WMD threats. The Head of International Cooperation Department of the Federal Financial Monitoring Service Alexei Petrenko delivered a lecture on Combating Money Laundering and the Financing of Terrorism and WMD Nonproliferation. Questions of chemical and biological security were analyzed separately by Senior Research Fellow of the Institute of World Economy and International Relations, PIR Center Executive Board member Natalia Kalinina.

Participants have also approached the nuclear weapons issue in the context of nuclear security and nonproliferation problems. The lecture of Assistant Professor of the Moscow State Institute of International Relations Ildar Akhtamzyan was dedicated to the role, which nuclear weapons play in nuclear doctrines of the countries countries. The practical aspects of this issue were discussed during the round table with former Chief of the General Staff, Army general (retired) Yuri Baluyevsky and Director of the Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies Evgeny Miasnikov. The high point of the discussion was the debates on the question: “Will the World without Nuclear Weapons Be a More Secure Place?”

PIR Center maintains an active scientific and research work on the nuclear security within his project “The future of the Global Partnership program and Russia-US cooperation in nuclear security” and within the help of PIR Center “Working Group on the Prospects for Russian Participation in International Cooperation in Nonproliferation and Nuclear Security Field.

For all information concerning PIR Center’s educational programs please contact PIR Center Educational Program Coordinator Alexander Chekov, tel. +7 (495) 987 19 15, fax +7 (495) 987 19 14, e-mail edu at pircenter.org.

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