Events

The expert support of the the direct interaction between Washington and Moscow is crucial for maintaining positive dynamics of the process. With this goal PIR Center and Near East South Asia (NESA) Center have formed a bilateral task force to address...

Experts

  • Affiliation : Prof., Acad., Russian Academy of Sciences, Academic Director, Institute of Oriental Studies of the Russian Academy of Sciences
  • Affiliation : Special correspondent, Kommersant Publishing House; Co-Chair of the Trialogue Club International.
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Deputy Head of the Representative Office of Rossotrudnichestvo - Russian House in Bishkek
  • Affiliation : Rossotrudnichestvo
  • Affiliation : Ambassador Extraordinary and Plenipotentiary, Under-Secretary-General of the United Nation, Head of the new United Nations Counter-Terrorism Office
complete list

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Russian-US Approach towards Iranian Nuclear Issue

04.02.2014

MOSCOW, FEBRUARY 4, 2014. PIR PRESS – “Joint Russian-US programs on WMD nonproliferation and nonproliferation education in the Middle East with Iranian participation could become an effective confidence-building measure for Tehran and the international community. Such programs can be implemented in the context of the G8 Global Partnership Against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction or other similar frameworks”, ­­– PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov.

The first meeting of the Russian-US working group on Iranian nuclear issue established by PIR Center and The Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies was held in Gstaad, Switzerland on January 27-29, 2014. Agenda of the meeting covered implementation of the Geneva agreement, evaluation of Iranian nuclear program and its future, place of Iran in the region and long-term sustainable solution of the Iranian nuclear issue. The meeting was held under the Chatham House Rule.

The US-Russian high-level working group consisted of Professor of Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies Gawdat Bahgat, PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Coordinator Andrey Baklitskiy, Co-founder of the Stimson Center Barry Blechman, Foreign Correspondent of the Kommersant Daily Elena Chernenko, Foreign Correspondent of the New York Times Roger Cohen, President of Federation of American Scientists Charles Ferguson, President Emeritus of Middle East Policy Council Amb. Chas Freeman, Senior Fellow and Director of the Middle East Security Program in Center for New American Security Colin Kahl, Academic Dean and a Professor of Central Asian Studies in Near East South Asia Center for Strategic Studies Roger Kangas, Editor-in-Chief in Russia in Global Affairs journal Fyodor Lukyanov, Project manager of Carnegie Corporation of New York Patricia Moore Nicholas, Director of Institute of Oriental Studies at the Russian Academy of Sciences Vitaly Naumkin, PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov, Vice Chairman of Hills & Company Amb. Thomas Pickering, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the International Organizations in Vienna Amb. Vladimir Voronkov, Head of Security Studies at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology Jim Walsh, and PIR Center Executive Director Albert Zulkharneev.   

During the meeting PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov proposed 10 points which, if implemented by Iran, Russia and the USA, would significantly contribute to the final solution to the Iranian nuclear issue:

  1. Recognizing the right of Iran for uranium enrichment under mutually accepted  conditions;
  2. Lifting the UN Security Council sanctions against Iran, once the regime of strict long term IAEA inspection is introduced;
  3. Moving Iran out of Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering (FATF) black list, step-by-step reintegration of Iran into the international financial system;
  4. Iranian ratification of the CTBT with parallel ratification of CTBT by Egypt and Israel;
  5. Iranian ratification of the Additional protocol to the IAEA Comprehensive Safeguards Agreements;
  6. Implementation of Russian-US programs on WMD nonproliferation and nonproliferation education in the Middle East with Iranian participation could become an effective confidence-building measure for Tehran and the international community. Such programs can be implemented in the context of the G8 Global Partnership against the Spread of Weapons and Materials of Mass Destruction or other similar frameworks;
  7. Active Russian and US support of process of the establishment of a Weapons of Mass Destruction-Free Zone in the Middle East;
  8. Regional agreement prohibiting the use of force or the threat of use of force against the nuclear installations placed under the IAEA safeguards;
  9. Organization nuclear safety and nuclear security exercises in the Middle East with Iranian participation (those might include Bushehr NPP stress tests), inviting Iran to the Nuclear Security Summits;
  10. In the long term, implementation of joint programs in the nuclear sphere in the Middle East with Iranian participation that would be economically viable and would demonstrate the transition from confrontation to the cooperation.

The meeting will result in practical recommendations aimed at solving the Iranian nuclear issue.

Group composition, photos of the meeting, additional materials and information about participation of Iran in the international agreements in the sphere of nuclear nonproliferation and peaceful nuclear energy are available at PIR Center’s website.

Bilateral US-Russian consultations will be supplemented with the opinions of Iran’s neighbors, other states in the Middle East and South Asia. 23-25 February of 2014 in Bangkok, within the framework of Strategic Studies Network (SSN) PIR Center and NESA will organize a multilateral working group meeting, dedicated to Iranian issue in the context of regional and global security.

For more information regarding the PIR Center project “Iranian Nuclear Program: Russia’s Interests”, please contact PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Coordinator Andrey Baklitskiy by phone +7 (495) 987-19-15 or at or email baklitsky at pircenter.org

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