Experts

  • Affiliation : Member, International Advisory Board, International Luxembourg Forum on Preventing Nuclear Catastroph
  • Affiliation : Director General of the Kuwait Foundation for the Advancement of Sciences
  • Affiliation : Dean of Academic Programs, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Affiliation : Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Affiliation : Independent Libyan Academic, Journalist
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“Iran in the Regional and Global Perspective” report

21.04.2015

MOSCOW, APRIL 21, 2015. PIR PRESS – “The solution to the Iranian nuclear issue should not be reached at the expense of these countries’ interests. The security concerns of Iran’s neighbors should be addressed, though not in the comprehensive agreement itself. Providing security assurances to the region could also result in a more positive attitude towards the nuclear deal with Iran. At the same time, international efforts should be aimed at making sure that no country in the Middle East is facing a military threat from its neighbors, rather than playing into the narrative of the states aspiring to regional hegemony or special status” – PIR Center and Strategic Studies Network report “Iran in the Regional and Global Perspective”.

On April 22-23, 2015 Vienna will host the next round of talks on Iranian nuclear program. Based on the parameters of a comprehensive plan of action regarding the nuclear program of the Islamic Republic of Iran representatives of P5+1 and Tehran will begin the work on a comprehensive agreement, which is to be concluded by the end of June 2015. However, neither prospects of a final agreement, nor its impact on the region of the Middle East and Central Asia are not fully understood.

International expert community faces two key questions:

  • What could be done to support the efforts of the P5+1 and Iran on the conclusion of a comprehensive agreement?
  • What regional solutions could contribute to a lasting settlement of the situation around Iran's nuclear program and strengthen the nuclear nonproliferation in the Middle East?

To produce a study on this topic, PIR Center and the Strategic Studies Network have convened a working group with the participation of experts from the 15 states: Azerbaijan, Belgium, Canada, China, Egypt, India, Iran, Italy, Kuwait, Libya, Pakistan, Russia, Turkey, the United Arab Emirates and the United States. During meetings in Bangkok (February 2014) and Moscow (May 2014), and on-line discussions experts came up with recommendations on settling the situation on Iran’s nuclear program.

In particular, the authors attach an important role to improvement of the overall level of security in the region. According to the text of the report “The solution to the Iranian nuclear issue should not be reached at the expense of these countries’ interests. The security concerns of Iran’s neighbors should be addressed, though not in the comprehensive agreement itself. Providing security assurances to the region could also result in a more positive attitude towards the nuclear deal with Iran. At the same time, international efforts should be aimed at making sure that no country in the Middle East is facing a military threat from its neighbors, rather than playing into the narrative of the states aspiring to regional hegemony or special status”.

Report "Iran in the Regional and Global Perspective" was presented by PIR Center at the Strategic Studies Network summit, held in Antalya, Turkey, March 23-25, 2015. The Summit, organized by the Center for Strategic Studies of South Asia and the Middle East (NESA) in partnership with the Turkish Center for Strategic Studies of the Middle East (ORSAM), brought together more than 100 experts from 30 countries, representing over 60 strategic studies centers.

In his speech, PIR Center Director Vladimir Orlov outlined the main findings of the report, focusing on the key recommendations in the field of negotiations, possible military dimension of Iranian nuclear program, division between regional and non-proliferation agenda, ratification of the CTBT, the regionalization of the nuclear fuel cycle, nuclear safety, WMD-free zone in the Middle East, the prohibition of attacks on civilian nuclear facilities, regional security dialogue, confidence-building measures and the prospects for the accession of Iran to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization.  

The text of the report is available on the PIR Center website. The report will be distributed at the 2015 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons in New York, USA.

PIR Center is closely monitoring the negotiations on the Iranian nuclear program as part of its project: “Iranian Nuclear Program: Russia’s Interests".

For questions regarding the project, please contact the PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director Andrey Baklitskiy by telephone +7 (495) 987 19 15 or email at baklitsky at pircenter.org.


 

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