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Global security on the BRICS agenda

14.10.2016

GOA. OCTOBER 14, 2016. PIR PRESS – “The basket of the “international peace and security" took an important place in the BRICS summits agenda, and the upcoming summit in Goa needs to further strengthen cooperation between the BRICS countries in this area. Generally favorable conditions have been formed for this, although one cannot ignore the serious external pressure exerted on some of the BRICS countries in implementing their security policies”, – Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov, Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Special Advisor to PIR Center.

The 8th BRICS Academic Forum was held in Goa (India) on September 19-22, 2016 in advance of the BRICS Summit, to be held October 15-16, 2016. Among the topics of the forum were joint efforts for the transformation of global governance, regulation of “common spaces”, sustainable development, including environmental issues, trade and economic and political cooperation, and joint counteraction to new threats and challenges.

Russian delegation was headed by Vyacheslav Nikonov, Chairman, Committee on Education of the State Duma, Chair of the Board, Russian National Committee on BRICS Research. Members of the delegations included Vladimir Davydov, Director of the Russian Academy of Science Institute of Latin America; Leonid Grigoryev, Chief Adviser to the Head of the Analytical Center under the Government of the Russian Federation; Vladimir Orlov, Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry; Natalia Piskulova, Professor, International Economic Relations and Foreign Economic Relations MGIMO University; Georgy Toloraya, Executive Director, Russian National Committee on BRICS Research, and others.

In his report “New threats and challenges to global security: View from Russia”, Vladimir Orlov specified threats and challenges for BRICS countries, one of which is the terrorism with the use of weapons of mass destruction. “BRICS nations, in my view, should find mutually acceptable ways to address the international legal implications of the chemical and biological terrorism while at the same time saving the Conference of Disarmament itself from collapsing”.

The issue of coordinated efforts by BRICS nations on cyber security of civil nuclear installations was raised, as all of them develop nuclear industry. "BRICS should develop general single terminology concerning cyberterrorism, recommendations and standards on nuclear facilities against cyberattacks", according to Vladimir Orlov. "What could BRICS states do in order to claim its leadership on crucial ICT issues today? First of all, to provide a consensus-based vision of the new global Internet governance architecture. BRICS could formulate a global Set of Principles of the Internet Governance, which could include: 1) limits to governmental e-surveillance and responsibility of states for conducting it; 2) the right for access to the Internet; 3) globalization of the Internet governance, implying responsible international control over the Internet’s critical functions. The document could also encompass already existing and widely accepted basic principles like the multi-stakeholder approach, network neutrality, openness, integrity, universality of the Internet".

At the Forum, Vladimir Orlov also made proposals regarding non-weaponization of outer space. "As the Conference on Disarmament remains blocked and no substantial work is being held, there is a need to continue to push for the development of legally binding instruments to prevent weaponization of outer space. BRICS countries could start with convening an international conference to discuss the issue with other states with significant space presence".

According to the Orlov report, “Addressing a set of hard security issues would be already quite a heavy load for BRICS. However, it would be fair to say that soft security challenges affect the security environment of BRICS countries more significantly than ever before. Some of our countries feel it currently with particular pain”.

Among other key international security threats discussed at the Forum the fight against corruption was mentioned as an issue relevant to all BRICS countries. “As a member of the Board on Prevention of Corruption at the Anti-Corruption Department of the Russian President’s Office, I must say it is unfortunate – but it is also a fact of life – that corruption is high on this agenda in each of our nations, and it is a stigma for our societies putting a great burden on our economic and social development”, said Dr. Orlov. According to him, "Strong leadership and decisiveness in fighting corruption with no exception to the rule should be two key factors facilitating the way forward."

“The basket of the “international peace and security" took an important place in the BRICS summits agenda, and the upcoming summit in Goa needs to further strengthen cooperation between the BRICS countries in this area. Generally favorable conditions have been formed for this, although one cannot ignore the serious external pressure exerted on some of the BRICS countries in implementing their security policies”, – concluded Vladimir Orlov

The PIR Center deals with BRICS and international security issues since 2008 when the very concept of BRICS was only being developed. PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov, a member of National BRICS Research Committees participated in the 1st BRICS Academic Forum in Moscow, in Durban (2013) and in Rio de Janeiro (2014). In 2015 PIR Center experts Albert Zulkharneev and Oleg Demidov participated in the 7th Academic Forum held in Moscow in the framework of the Russia's BRICS presidency.

All materials of the PIR Center’s project Shaping Russia’s Agenda for BRICS can be found on its website.

For more information regarding the project please contact project coordinator Andrey Baklitsky by phone: +7 (495) 940-09-83 or e-mail: baklitsky@pircenter.org

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