Experts

  • Position : Program Director, Emerging Technologies and Global Security Program
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
  • Affiliation : Russian Foreign Ministry
  • Affiliation : Special correspondent, Kommersant Publishing House; Co-Chair of the Trialogue Club International.
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Affiliation : Associate Professor, Chief Specialist for Information Law, Federal Notary Chamber
complete list

Related articles

It was almost two decades ago, when I was brought a manuscript. It was entitled “Information challenges to national and international security”. International information security – or cybersecurity, to use the more popular but grossly oversimplified term – is now high on the agenda of global challe...


Some time ago the U.S. administration, including their former President Barack Obama, has voiced more and more often the idea that it would be desirable to continue strategic offensive reductions. There are several reasons why the United States are so interested in intensifying nuclear arms reduct...

New Issue of Security Index Journal

28.02.2017

MOSCOW, FEBRUARY 28, 2017. PIR PRESS – A new thematic issue “New technologies and challenges to global security” of the Security Index Journal is released. 

The new issue of the Security Index Journal (118-119) is devoted to the topic of new technologies and challenges to global security – the materials can be found on PIR Center website. 

Albert Zulkharneev, the editor-in-chief of the new issue, has presented its authors and contents. 

While estimating the influence of new technologies on global security, it is necessary to answer two main questions:

*How can the risks of the employment of new technologies be tackled without diminishing their potential efficiency?

*Whether it is necessary to adapt the existing system of international security, nonproliferation and arms control in view of new technological and social trends and how it should be done? 

Basic nuclear, rocket and space technologies are not new but they are constantly improving. While remaining complicated, those technologies are no longer exclusive – they are no longer under the control of a limited number of countries. 

The generation of atomic energy in new regions enables the resolution of problems of energy and ecology. Stanislav Kuvaldin estimates the opportunities of atomic industry in combat against climate change and concludes that "world scenarios of decarbonization that are completely ignoring atomic energy seem to be improbable in the near future". 

Already working mechanisms for peace, atom and space regulation, are under pressure from new technological and political realities. Discussions concerning the improvement of nuclear technologies and materials control – the system of IAEA guarantees – are analyzed in the article from Valery Bytchkov, former IAEA specialist.

How to tackle the risk of space becoming an area of competition and threat is described in the interview of the deputy CEO of Rosatom company Sergey Saveliev and commentaries of the former director of UNIDIR Theresa Hitchens and high-profile Russian experts Vladimir Ermakov and Vasily Gudnov

New emerging technologies have already appeared but have not yet expanded. The director of the main global think tank – UNIDIR – Jarmo Sareva defines these technologies and presents an exhaustive picture of their relationships with global security. List of such technologies, according to Sareva, includes autonomous weapons systems, cyber, bio, and space technologies, 3D printing and directed-energy weapons. Key issue here is the role of the human in applying all of these technologies and definition of what is a significant human control. Inevitable we are facing the question whether humankind needs technologies that cast doubt on it role of the master of life.

Nature-like technologies can change the whole paradigm of development, to end the deadlock of finite resources but also to render useless all existing mechanisms of security. Moreover, they can artificially impact the process of human evolution. These discussions could have been regarded as fantastic ones if they were not performed by the President and Vice-President of Kurchatov institute Mikhail Kovalchuk and Oleg Naraykin

Should there be a robot or a human on a battlefield? If it is a robot, should it abide by international humanitarian law? An international discussion of political and legal aspects of LAWS development took place for the first time on a Russian platform – Vadim Kozyulin gathered the most prominent experts in the field for a round table: Research Fellow of the Lauterpacht Centre for International Law, University of Cambridge Tom Grant, First Secretary of the Department for Nonproliferation and Arms Control, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation Andrei Grebenshchikov, Legal Adviser of the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) Gilles Giacca, Head of the Robotics Center, Skolkovo Foundation Albert Efimov, Professor of the Xi'an Political Academy Xinping Song, and Сoordinator of the Campaign to Stop Killer-Robots Mary Wareham.

The problematic of a cybersecurity of nuclear objects has inevitably appeared at a crossroads of cyber- and nuclear security - it is no longer a theoretical model but a practical necessity. PIR Center report offers a balanced estimation of threats and traces possible ways of their tackling. 

Global security has its own economics. PIR Center report is accompanied by the commentaries of Natalia Kasperskaya (Infowatch) and Andrey Duhvalov (Kaspersky Lab) concerning the development of cyberdefense systems and their market perspectives.  

The cybersecurity of critical infrastructure is one of the eight topics of the guide “The global Internet governance and security of ICT usage”. If you are not aware what is the best starting point to understand the cyber problematic, the book by written Oleg Demidov and published in PIR Center library would be the best choice. Elena Volchinskaya, the reviewer, highlights the success of the book structure (problems-conclusions-suggestions) and analyses the recommendations using all her experience. 

In summer 2013 Elena Chernenko was in airport Sheremetyevo during the meeting with Snowden – she knows in person other heroes of Andrey Soldatov and Irina Borogan book “The Red Web: The Struggle Between Russia's Digital Dictators and the New Online Revolutionaries” as well. It was an obvious choice to ask Elena to comment on the book. 

And what about politics? The key axis of the global security is Russian-American relationships. Whether Russia and the US are ready to get the relations out of the situation that “is worse than in the worst times of the Cold War”? What are the basic principles to build its position on for Russia – all answers are in the big interview with Deputy Foreign Minister of Russia Sergey Ryabkov.   

Traditional mechanisms of security maintenance are losing their efficiency or stopping functioning. Other mechanisms are not yet in place.  In these conditions it seems rather premature to ignore ethics – particularly the transparent and universal ethics of world religions that are being referred in Russia as traditional ones. Are we mistaken to discredit the basis of these ethics and to oppose this basis of science and technology? This thought came to our minds after discussion with the Head of the Synodal department for the relations between the Church with the society and media of the Moscow Patriarchy Vladimir Legoyda – his commentary on the relations between religion, science and technology can also be found in the issue.  


The full text of the introductory article of Albert Zulkharneev “Global security in the surfers’ time” and the contents of the issue are available on the website

The majority of the articles presented was prepared as a result of the international conference “Emerging Technologies and Global Security: an Agenda for the 21st Century” and International School on the problems of the global security. Both forums were organized in September 2016 by PIR Center and the Diplomatic Academy of Russian Foreign Ministry in partnership with the Gorchakov Fund, Russkiy Mir Foundation, International Committee of the Red Cross, Carnegie Corporation of New York, Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, Swiss Federal Department of Defence Civil Protection and Sport, Kaspersky Lab and Skolkovo Robocenter. 

All articles are available in Russian. 

The Editorial Board is open to the readers’ comments, remarks and suggestions concerning the new issue of the journal and its general development. 

You can send your feedback about the issue, your questions about the possibility of publication in the "Security Index" as well as placing your advertisement by e-mail: editor@pircenter.org

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