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  • Affiliation : Associate Professor, International and National Security Department, Diplomatic Academy of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
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The Security Index Occasional Paper Series came out with a paper "How to prevent placement of weapons in Outer Space: challenges and solutions (Russian priorities)" by Andrey Malov

27.04.2020

MOSCOW. APRIL 27, 2020. PIR PRESS. – The Security Index Occasional Paper Series came out with a paper "How to prevent placement of weapons in Outer Space: challenges and solutions (Russian priorities)" by Andrey Malov

Key findings:

  • As can be seen, there are no prohibitive international legal norms with regard to a number of possible areas of space activities related to space strike weapons and anti-satellite systems, as well as electronic and optoelectronic suppression systems.
  • Certainly, not all of these activities can and should be monitored from a legal perspective, but in conceptual terms, it should be recognized that nowadays outer space is not legally protected from being a possible area for the placement of attack weapon systems, so as not to become, under certain conditions, an arena for armed struggle and a potential theatre of war.
  • The placement of weapons in outer space and the prevention of an arms race in outer space has traditionally required stringent measures and the highest possible standards to ensure that states comply with their obligations under the agreements reached. Such standards are ensured only through a legally binding instrument.
  • Thus, it would be appropriate to state that the main efforts in the field of security of space activities with regard to its weapons aspect are currently being made by the Russian Federation through the promotion of the PPWT, the NFP initiative and TCBMs with a view to preserving outer space as a free zone for peaceful uses and research. In general, these avenues of practical efforts could be considered as possible scenarios for paving the way to keeping the outer space free from attack weapons.

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The paper has been produced for the joint PIR Center – CSIS project "Reducing nuclear risks during Great Powers Competition". We thank our partners in CSIS for their cooperation and support for this publication.

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