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The new issue of the Security Index journal is dedicated to the Russian-Western relations that have become rathertense due to the Ukrainian crisis, - so tense that experts speak about the cold war 2.0. The other important topics, discussed in the journal, are situation in Afghanistan after the troops’ withdrawal, the settlement of the Iranian unclear program. In addition, the authors address the subject of nonstrategic nuclear weapons, joint policy in cybersecurity, increase in combat capabilities.


«It must be recognized that the two nuclear-weapon states with the largest nuclear arsenals have in fact dramatically reduced the numbers of deployed nuclear weapons. There is much to commend here. On the other hand, the Russian Federation and the USA have yet to agree in a formal treaty on measures to verifiably dismantle and dispose of nuclear warheads, to reduce and eliminate non-deployed warheads, and to bring down numbers of warheads still further on the way to zero», – Director of the Arms Control and Nonproliferation Program at the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute Tariq Rauf.


«What do the results of the Geneva talk on Iran mean for Russia? For the second time after the negotiations on Syria, the Russian diplomacy has achieved a great success.  In fact, the text of the agreement is based on what was originally the Lavrov plan of action on Iran. The Russian position has been concise; no significant corrections were made throughout the autumn talks.  Iran’s right on enrichment is not questioned, the 20%-enriched uranium is to be removed. Therefore proliferation risks, that have been the main concern for Russia, decrease dramatically. And this is exactly where success is», – PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov


“Air defense systems will sooner or later have to face aggressive, well-armed and resilient groups of drones. Thanks to their collective distributed intelligence, these groups will act as parts of a single whole. They will be able to analyze the situation to the same standard of accuracy as humans, only faster. Human operators may be part of their control systems, adding an element of creativity and unpredictability,” – writes PIR Center Senior Vice President Lieut.-Gen. (Ret.) Evgeny Buzhinsky in his article for Security Index journal.


“The NGOs play a pivotal role in the NPT regime; they are the link between a relatively small community of governmental experts and the interests and desires of the wider society. I considered myself one of the main beneficiaries of the NGOs activities, before and during the 2013 NPT Preparatory Committee,” – the Chief Coordinator of the IAEA, Director General of the Romanian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Chair-designate of the 2013 NPT Preparatory Committee, Amb. Cornel Feruţă


“According to Russian position, first of all it is necessary to establish a concrete date of the conference on the establishment of a Weapons of Mass Destruction-Free Zone (WMD-Free Zone) in the Middle East in order to put the work on a schedule basis. We believe that it could be held in the second half of December of this year, about the same dates that were tentatively scheduled in the past year by Finland as the "host country,” – Mikhail Ulyanov, Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation.


“We understand how our Arab and Iranian colleagues feel regarding the postponement of the conference on establishing a weapons of mass destruction-free zone in the Middle East. The situation is unacceptable, but there should be no complaints against Russia. The convenors did not have the authority to make the decision to postpone, and Russia did not agree with the decision. We continue to work toward the convening of the conference and insist on fixing a concrete date,” – Mikhail Ulyanov, Director of the Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament, Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation


“The main reason why the Arab states had agreed to the indefinite extension of the NPT was that they wanted security from nuclear weapons. Now you are telling them that this is impossible, and the official nuclear powers, the members of the Middle East Quartet, are washing their hands. The Arab countries may well respond by saying, ‘In that case we are going to provide our own security, and we don't need the NPT for that,’” - Jayantha Dhanapala, President of the Pugwash Movement of Scientists.


“The announcement recently published on the MFA website does not say that the Helsinki conference on the Middle East Weapons of Mass Destruction-Free Zone has been postponed. In the text, we can only see that there are voices in favor of such postponement. In reality, this decision can be made only with the consent of the states within the region. The co-organizers of the conference: Russia, the U.S.A. and the UK, as well as the UN Secretary General are parties that were only requested to prepare the Helsinki conference in 2012. Therefore, without consensus of the regional states we do not have authority to make this decision”- Director of Department for Security Affairs and Disarmament at the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation


On October 4th, 2012 PIR Center will hold an international seminar “2012 Conference on the Middle East Zone Free of Weapons of Mass Destruction – Searching for Solutions”.