The research is devoted to the study of developing nuclear energy by one of the key Middle Eastern countries. It is divided into three sections: the driving factors for Saudi Arabia to develop nuclear power and non-proliferation concerns; the review of the nuclear energy suppliers to the Middle East; the Saudi Arabia-Russia cooperation and its prospects.


"At the PIR Center, or, better to say, with the PIR Center, I spent 22 years of my life... PIR Center is a good school of life. It works like a meat grinder. It grinds you, but as it should, and then it forms a very high-quality person. It gives you the right guidelines for the future life, with regard to interaction, attitude to work in general, responsibility, meeting deadlines, teamwork without any frames", ‒ Dmitry Polikanov, Member of the PIR Center Executive Board.


“The United States is increasingly entering long-term great powers’ strategic competition in cyberspace. In this regard, the USA needs a new strategy of actions in cyberspace – a strategy of a persistent engagement or constant implementation of proactive cyber operations that do not reach the level of an armed conflict”, ‒ PIR Center intern Sergeу Sebekin.

Zoom Meetings Etiquette


1. Be aware of your audio and video settings.

Keep your microphone muted when you do not speak, so that other participants are not distracted by background noise. Check whether your microphone is unmuted and that your camera is on to ensure that all attendees can hear you and see you when you speak.
2. Indicate that you want to say something.

If you want to make a comment or ask a question, use the Raise Hand feature or send a message to in-meeting chat, the moderator will give you the floor. Do not interrupt other participants.

3. Be mindful of background noise.

When your microphone is not muted, avoid activities that could create additional noise, such as shuffling papers.
4. Look into the camera when talking instead of looking at yourself.

Be sure to position your web camera and monitor at eye level so you can look into the camera and simulate eye-to-eye connection with other attendees. 

5. Eliminate distractions and focus on the agenda.

Notifications from messaging applications, ringtones, and applications running on your desktop can be distracting and overloading your device. Be sure to disable them.

6. Ensure that you have a clean, work-appropriate background.

Reduce the chance that other participants and attendees will get distracted. You also may choose the virtual background, which is already available in your application or download the background of our meeting here and upload it to your device.

7. Turn to audio mode.

If you are experiencing connection issues, turn off your camera.