The Soviet Union signs Additional Protocol II to the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Tlatelolco Treaty).
The test of the Indian nuclear explosive device; power yield 10 to 20 kilotons.
The Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed, the Ocean Floor, and in the Subsoil Thereof comes into force.



While most of the countries remain concentrated on the Ukrainian crisis, there is a possibility of another crisis at the different edge of Eurasia. The potential troublemaker is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and its nuclear missile program, which has somewhat revived in recent times.


Negotiations to return to Iranian nuclear deal in recent weeks have noticeably stalled. The main reason for this is the discrepancy between the positions of Tehran and Washington on the status of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, which is extremely important for Iran both from a military and economic point of view. On this background, external players interested in the restoration of the deal became more active. First of all, this concerns the monarchies of the Persian Gulf.


The military situation in Europe against the backdrop of the ongoing Russian special operation in Ukraine remains tense. On May 1, joint exercises Defender Europe and Swift Response began in Poland and eight other NATO countries. These exercises said to be last until May 26. Up to 18 thousand servicemen from the USA, Great Britain, France, Germany, Sweden and other countries will take part in them.


On April 28, the 113th Spring Session of the Trialogue Club International took place. It was dedicated to the topic “Hot Spring of 2022: Introduction to A New Global Insecurity, where the Ukraine events of early 2022, its potential consequences and future situation were discussed.

The P5 process 2021-2022


PIR Center launched a special project to study the activities of "the P5 process" countries in 2021-2022. Within the framework of this project, we are interviewing various experts from the representatives of "the P5 process" to better understand the position of these countries in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and the possible results of the future 10th NPT Review Conference.



The Russian side is represented by Andrey Baklitskiy, a specialist in arms control, nuclear nonproliferation and international security, consultant at PIR Center.

Read the interview (in Russian).


The French side is represented by Emmanuelle Maitre, Research Fellow at the Fondation pour la Recherche Stratégique (France).

Read the interview.





The Chinese side is represented by Tong Zhao, Senior Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Read the interview.


The British side is represented by Emily Enright, Policy Fellow and Emerging Voices Network Coordinator of the British American Security Information Council (BASIC).

Read the interview.


The American side is represented by Jamie Kwong, the Stanton Pre-Doctoral Fellow in the Nuclear Policy Program at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace.

Read the interview.