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2010, №92, Security Index

Security Index image
Issue: №92
Text:

SECURITY INDEX (International Edition)

NO. 3 (92), Summer 2010

CONTENTS

FROM THE EDITOR
 

RussiaUSA: Limited Liability Partnership. In his Editorial, Vladimir Orlov analyzes the decisions made by presidents Dmitry Medvedev and Barack Obama in April 2009 and its implementation in April 2010 when the new treaty on further reductions and limitations on strategic offensive weapons was signed. Editor-in-Chief mentions the initial steps that have to be made by two countries on the path of radical cuts of their nuclear arsenals.

INTERVIEW

Relations between Russia and India Represent Real Strategic Cooperation - Vyacheslav Trubnikov

Partnership between Russia and India is becoming even more important in the context of the new nature of international relations being advocated by the BRIC nations Brazil, Russia, India and China. Russian Ambassador to India (2004-2009) Vyacheslav Trubnikov talks about the key areas of cooperation between the two countries and the prospects for strengthening of bilateral ties.

The CTBT is one of the Historically Longest Bricks of the Nonproliferation Regime - Tibor Toth

The task of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) is to ban all nuclear explosions in all environments, for military or civilian purposes. Being a significant part of the nonproliferation regime this treaty still did not came into force. Executive Secretary of the CTBT Organization Tibor Toth estimates the possibility of the CTBT ratification by the U.S. and some other countries in his interview. Ambassador also speaks about the current development of the International Monitoring System and a mechanism of on-site inspections.

Iran Expects IAEA Director General to Fulfill the Work PlanAli Asghar Soltanieh

The escalating crisis over Iran’s nuclear program urges the international community to impose the new sanctions against this country. The possible steps for the confidence building between Iran and the international community and the current relations between Iran and the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) are commented by Iran’s Permanent Representative to the IAEA Ali Asghar Soltanieh in his interview.

ANALYSES

Why Nuclear Terrorism Originating from Russia is a Myth? - Bilyana Tsvetkova

The general opinion since the end of the Cold War has been that the huge Russian nuclear arsenal is one of the possible sources of nuclear weapons and materials sought by terrorists. It is believed that the risk of theft of Russian nuclear materials is especially high. Bulgarian expert Bilyana Tsvetkova offers an in-depth analysis of this view and a number of recommendations for addressing the problem.

The Turkmen Gas Games - Yury Fedorov

The question of the direction and routes or Turkmen gas supplies has become strategically important. But who is now the leading player in this complex system of economic and political relations? Is it Russia, China or Europe, who all want to make use of the Turkmen gas resources? Or is it Turkmenistan itself? The article offers a view of the situation on the Turkmen gas market.

Frozen Conflicts and European Security - Nadezhda Arbatova

The emergence of newly independent states following the collapse of Yugoslavia and the Soviet Union gave rise to a whole host of new problems in Europe.Some of those problems can potentially lead to a conflict. The most of them are frozen, but the crisis over South Ossetia in 2008 has shown the possible path of their development. Analyzing the factors that have the influence on the frozen conflicts in Europe internal, Russian/CIS, and international the author assesses the potential of the new European security system proposed by Moscow for the conflict prevention

COMMENTARY

Assessment of Threats in Russia’s Military Doctrine - Yury Baluyevsky

The new Russian Military Doctrine was approved in February 2010. The document raises two key issues: the assessment of the military threat posed by NATO, and Russia’s policy on using its nuclear weapons. Looking into the history of Russian strategic documents Deputy Secretary of the Security Council of the Russian Federation Yury Baluyevsky comments the changes appeared in the Doctrine in accordance with new challenges.

Key Trends of the New U.S. Administration’s Policy on Missile DefenseVictor Mikhailov, Vladimir Stepanov

Experts of the Institute of Strategic Stability of the State Atomic Energy Corporation Rosatom analyze the
new U.S. Ballistic Missile Defense Review Report to identify any shifts in U.S. policy following the arrival of the Obama Administration. They offer their view on whether this policy is informed by the real missile threats and by the nature of those threats

REVIEW OF RECENT WORLD EVENTS

The iSi Index a Comprehensive Index of International Security. Members of the PIR Center International Expert Group Dmitry Evstafiev, William Potter, Konstantin von Eggert, Yury Fedorov, Dunay Pal, Andrey Kortunov, Abdulaziz Sager, Dayan Jayatilleka, Evgeny Satanovsky, Irma Arguello, and Antonio Jorge Ramalho da Rocha comment on the recent world events.

HISTORICAL PAGES

First Steps towards Arms LimitationRoland Timerbaev

The first attempts to prevent the arms race in the world were undertaken in the beginning of the Cold War. Ambassador Roland Timerbaev looks at the history of the London Subcommittee of the UN Disarmament Commission (1954-1957) and provides his own assessment of how and why the talks at the London Subcommittee ended with no results.

Trust Building and Nuclear Disarmament - Vladimir Gorbulin

In 1994, Ukraine made an important political decision to renounce its strategic nuclear weapons and join the NPT as a non-nuclear-weapon state. The author, who was the Secretary of the National Security Council under the Ukrainian President at the time, and who now serves as the Director of the Institute of National Security(Ukraine), took part in the negotiations and knows all the background of the decision made in Kiev.

BOOK REVIEWS

Stealing BeardVladimir Orlov

‘‘Fidel now looks like a lonely monolith towering over the 20th century, whose passing he has witnessed himself. That impression is further strengthened by the chronology of the events at the end of the book. Year after year, name after name. Che Guevara killed. Kennedy killed. Hemingway shot himself. Khrushchev deposed, dead. Ho Chi Minh dead. Francois Mitterrand, Pierre Trudeau, John Paul II those to whom Fidel devoted entire pages in his memoirs, those he respected the most as not just politicians but thinkers dead, dead and dead... Past century indeed,’’ PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov writes in his review.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

PIR CENTER ADVISORY BOARD

FINAL QUOTES

On Prague

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