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2011, №94, Security Index

Security Index image
Issue: №94

SECURITY INDEX (International Edition)

NO. 1 (94), Winter 2011



Cementing Success

“Slow and steady wins the race. But the “slow” bit can safely be omitted when talking about the dynamics of Russian-Ukrainian rapprochement. We have wasted enough time already. A far greater danger would be resting on our laurels. The success we have achieved over the past year has not yet become an irreversible breakthrough. We need to keep the momentum, lest that success turns out to have been just a blip in an overall downward trend,” – writes Editor-in-Chief of the Security Index journal Vladimir Orlov in his Editorial.


Russia Wants More Tangible Cooperation with NATO Dmitry Rogozin

Following the conflict in the Caucasus the cooperation between Russia and NATO was put on hold. What can be expected after the Lisbon summit in November 2010? How the parties are going to solve the most debatable issues? The Russian envoy to NATO Dmitry Rogozin in his interview talks about the spheres where the cooperation within the NATO-Russia Council is necessary and where it is just impossible to find a compromise.

Peacekeepers’ Main Task Remains Unchanged - Vitaly Churkin

The issue of making the UN Security Council, specifically its peacekeeping efforts, more effective has become particularly topical in recent years. Russia's permanent envoy to the United Nations and the Russian Federation representative on the UN Security Council Vitaly Churkin in his interview comments on the Russia's position on the issue of UN reforming and the place of peacekeeping operations in Russia’s foreign policy.


The Russian Age – Nikolay Spassky

If any one of Russians was asked a decade ago about how they see the world and Russia’s place in it, the answer would have focused on the need for the country to overcome the abnormal and humiliating situation in which Russia found itself at the end of the 1990s. Now that the abnormalities of that decade have largely been corrected, what is Russian view of the world in the 21st century? What do the changes of the 21st century mean for Russia? The author –– Deputy Director General of the Rosatom State Nuclear Energy Corporation Nikolay Spassky – offers his point of view on Russia’s place in the new world.

Brazil: Priorities and Phobias of an Emerging PowerBoris Martynov

Brazil has become the world’s ninth-largest economy. In 2016 the country will be the first Latin American nation to host the Olympics. This largest country in Latin America is rapidly rising in the international economic and political pecking order. Is it possible that the 21st century will be the Age of Brazil? The Russian researcher presents his view on Brazil and its place in the world taking into account the strategy interests shared by Russia and Brazil.

Russia and Southeast Asia: Cooperation in Strategic AreasSvetlana Klyuchanskaya

The countries of Southeast Asia are becoming a center of integration processes in Asia Pacific and play a leading role in the new balance of forces being formed in the region. It is therefore entirely reasonable that Russia should shift the focus of its foreign policy towards these countries – especially in strategic areas. The article reviews the current state and prospects for cooperation between Russia and Southeast Asian nations (Vietnam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Myanmar) in military technology, space and nanotechnologies.

Nuclear Energy in Central Asia: What are the Prospects? Galiya Ibragimova

Growing contradictions over the Unified Energy System of Central Asia are increasingly leading to disruption in the work of the region’s power plants. One of the most promising solutions to this problem is alternative energy sources, which can compensate for the shortage of energy generation capacity in the region. Central Asia has large reserves of uranium, several research reactors, and the understanding that uranium can become the foundation of a high-tech industry. Uzbekistan based researcher analyzes the prospects the development of nuclear energy in the region.


Nuclear Security: New Challenges, New Answers – Sergey Antipov, Gennady Evstafiev, Dmitry Kovchegin, Evgeny Maslin, Vladimir Orlov, Sergey Pertsev, Oleg Rozhkov, Jon Shearer, Alexey Ubeev

The ways of ensuring the security of nuclear materials and countering nuclear terrorism were the key issues of the two most important nonproliferation events in 2010 – the Nuclear Security Summit in Washington and the NPT Review Conference in New York. What is the link between nuclear nonproliferation and security of nuclear materials? How different are the Russian and U.S. approaches to these problems? And how could contemporary Russia adopt the international experience? These questions were addressed by the participants of the round table discussion.


Korean Issue in China’s New DiplomacyIrina Mironova

Starting from spring 2010, tensions on the Korean Peninsula have risen considerably. The Korean issue involves a broader circle of participants than just the two Koreas. Being a leader in regional affairs China has an active position and clearly has a strategic vision of the situation, which the other interested parties often fail to display. The article focuses on this position and the key tools of China’s influence on the Korean issue.

Military Reform in Russia: Success of Failure? – Marcel de Haas

The Russian Federation has experienced numerous military reforms. What are the chances that ongoing military reforms in Russia will be carried out successfully? And if the modernization and restructuring of the Russian Armed Forces is fruitful, does this have any consequences for military build-up and operations of the West and NATO in particular? Answering these questions the Dutch researcher looks at the possible consequences for the neighboring countries and regions.


The iSi Index - a Comprehensive Index of International Security – in September-December 2010: The Autumn of Détente – Galiya Ibragimova

Events of the autumn of 2010 were in line with the overall trends of that year. The global security focus remained firmly on the Middle East, the Korean peninsula, Afghanistan, Pakistan and Kyrgyzstan. Members of the PIR Center International Expert Group – Evgeny Buzhinsky, Konstantin von Eggert, Abdulaziz Sager, Evgeny Satanovsky, Farkhod Tolipov,– comment on the recent world events.

Missile Defense: with or without Russia – Yury Fedorov

Rumors of a possible compromise on missile defense being negotiated with Russia triggered something of a storm in Washington. The followed public attention to the work of the Tauscher-Ryabkov group had brought to light some delicate issues in U.S.-Russian relations. Commenting on these events the author notes that there is no smoke without fire.

Ukraine and Russia: a Profitable Embrace – Dmitry Evstafiev

Summarizing the pluses and minuses of the ongoing rapprochement between Moscow and Kiev the author finds some military advantages for both countries besides geopolitical or economic ones. Preserving the Black Sea Fleet’s main base in Sevastopol the Kremlin has retained a powerful tool of political influence. But the diplomatic and political victory in Ukraine will be worthless unless Russia uses the breathing space to build up its own geopolitical capability.


The Tragedy of the Last Shah: Mohammed Reza Pahlavi and Dead End of Enlightened AuthoritarianismKonstantin von Eggert

“The Life and Times of the Shah” by Gholam Reza Afkhami is one of the few available biographies of the last Iranian sovereign, and probably the most detailed and insightful one. There are several memoirs by members of the Shah's inner circle, relatives, diplomats, journalists and spies. But none of these works is a detailed biography of the last Shah. Thirty years after his death, the time for such a book has finally come.




On Condemnation