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2009, №87, Security Index

Security Index image
Issue: №87
Text:

SECURITY INDEX

Russian Journal on International Security

No.2 (87), Spring 2009

FROM THE EDITOR

“Soft Security – Back to the Stage.” In his Editorial, Dmitry Polikanov speaks about the growing importance of soft security in the current conditions of economic crisis and the potential balance between hard and soft security in the changing global modus vivendi.

ANALYSES

Sergey Zhiltsov and Igor Zonn, “War for Water.” “Today water conflicts are becoming an integral part of the global geopolitical system since they are about control over an essential resource for modern technological society. Politicians and experts might soon be talking about water pipeline infrastructure, similar to gas and oil pipes. Water conflicts are similar to those over oil and gas splitting producing and importing countries. The only difference is that oil and gas can have an alternative route or supply source, while it is much more complicated and expensive to implement for water. So, water is becoming a global commodity, which in the new century could exceed oil in terms of price,” claim the authors.

Key words: water conflicts, Central Asia, pipeline infrastructure.

Jürgen Scheffran, “The Gathering Storm: Is Climate Change a Security Threat?” The author analyzes the implications of climate change and global warming on the economic and social security of different regions of the world. In his article he also reviews the efforts of various international bodies to find a common solution to this global issue.

Key words: climate change, global security, global warming.

Eldar Kasaev, “Investment Climate in Iraq and Interests of Russia.” The author gives a comprehensive view of the legal, political and economic aspects of investment climate in Iraq and tries to figure out whether the Russian companies can find their niche on the Iraqi market. The article contains a set of valuable recommendations for potential investors in this Middle East country.

Key words: Middle East, Iraq, investments, Russian interest.

Galina Pastukhova, “Eminence Grise of the Iranian Crisis.” “When it comes to the Iranian nuclear dossier, there is less talk about China's interests and motives than about Russia's or the West's. So from its position behind the curtains, China can become a kind of eminence grise of the Iranian crisis,” writes Galina, who attempts to understand the actual state of Sino-Iranian relations and bilateral cooperation in various spheres.

Key words: Middle East, Iran, Iranian-Chinese trade.

VIEWPOINTS

Georgy Toloraya and Vladimir Khrustalev, “The Future of North Korea: Waiting for the Resolution?” Two renowned experts on Korea discuss the prospects of the totalitarian regime, the future of the nuclear program and the opportunities that the Korean settlementmay bring to Russia from economic and geostrategic point of view.

Key words: North Korea, nuclear disarmament, social trends.

ROUNDTABLE

“Russia, NATO and Global Security.” Is it necessary and possible to find a compromise and promote new forms of interaction between Russia and the major military structure of the West, i.e. NATO? To what extent does the modern role of NATO in maintaining international security meet or contradict Russia's interests? Will bilateral relations between Russia and the United States be extrapolated on Russia-NATO relations? The key issue is also how much NATO is able to respond to the current international security challenges. And finally, one cannot forget about the prospects of NATO expansion. All these matters became a core of a debate that involved PIR Senior Advisor Lt-Gen (ret.) Gennady Evstafiev and MGIMO Professor, PIR Center Board Member Andrey Zagorsky.

Key words: Russia, NATO, US-Russian relations.

COMMENTARY

Alexander Kovalev, “International Legal Status of the Arctic and Russia's Interests.” The new area of disputes is the Arctic with its rich resources and geopolitical importance for the large nations of the world. The author comments on the international legal regimes and evaluates the positions of various countries that claim to control the Arctic territory, notably the Russian vision of the problem.

Key words: Arctic, Russian interest, legal status.

Yevgeny Yevdokimov, “Olympic Diplomacy as an Instrument of Chinese Foreign Policy Propaganda.” Sport has become another powerful tool in the modern international relations. Public and business fuss about the Olympic games, related political battles and media wars – all this makes the Olympics one of the key events in global affairs. As Russia plans to host the Winter Olympic games in Sochi in 2014, it is useful to learn some lessons from Beijing, which has succeeded in making maximum benefit of the 2008 event.

Key words: Olympyc diplomacy, China, propaganda.

William Potter, “Prospects for U.S._Russian Cooperation in Nuclear Nonproliferation in a Time of Cold Peace.” Prof. Potter, a world famous nonproliferation expert and new member of the PIR Center Executive Board, sets forth a list of practical recommendations to the new U.S. administration aimed at intensifying security dialogue between Moscow and Washington and eventually come to some positive results concerning the nonproliferation and disarmament.

Key words: NPT Review Conference, nuclear disarmament, US-Russian relations.

Roland Timerbaev, “Nuclear-Weapon-Free-World: Ways of Moving Ahead.” There has recently been growing interest in the issue of nuclear disarmament, nuclear-free world, but world open towards peaceful nuclear energy uses for the benefit of mankind. Such interest is to a large extent caused by the immediate task of strengthening the nuclear nonproliferation regime, especially on the eve of the 2010 NPT Review Conference. Amb. Timerbaev presents some of his solutions to the problem of achieving nuclear zero.

Key words: NPT Review Conference, nuclear disarmament, multilateral approaches.

REVIEWS OF RECENT WORLD EVENTS: DECEMBR 2008 – FEBRUARY 2009

The iSi index – a comprehensive index of international security. The uncertainty of global economic crisis combined with rising tensions in different parts of the world does not contribute much to the rise of the index. Members of the International Expert Group – Marian Abisheva, Konstantin Eggert, Dayan Jayatilleka, Abdulaziz Sager, and Yevgeny Satanovsky – comment the events.

Yury Fedorov, A View by a Russian Liberal: “It Almost Starts… World Politics Enters a New Period.” “When the global financial crisis starts to abate, the old strategic and geopolitical problems will come to the fore once again, undiminished and possibly even more severe than ever. That is why the current situation is being made use of by the Iranian leaders with their nuclear arms aspirations, by the numerous Marxist radicals and leaders of Islamic terrorist groups, by pompous Latin American caudillos and other political buffoons as well as their sympathizers among Russian politicians, sloganeering about Russia rising from its knees. There are all trying to seize the opportunity and boost their standing both domestically and internationally, while the attention of the world leaders is fixed on the financial crisis.”

Dmitry Evstafiev, A View by a Russian Conservative: “World Politics in Time of Uncertainty.” “The drastic increase in uncertainty in the system of international relations that we have been witnessing over the past six months is a consequence of the emergence of real multipolarity, including in military and political sphere and resources. This in itself results in that the actions of the significant players in international relations no longer fall under conventional models and templates. This is why we no longer understand what is going on, whereas in reality we simply do not know the models and principles along which the new world is developing.”

HISTORICAL PAGES

Oksana Skopych, “Manbar Nahum and Iranian-Israeli Arms Trade.” Notorious arms dealer Manbar Nahum was quite successful in his trade operations with Iran despite any sanctions of the Israeli government. The author assumes that secret services must have bee involved in these undertakings. She analyzes the story and tries to understand how much it affected Israeli national security interests.

Key words: Manbar Nahum, Middle East, Iran, Israel, arms trade.

Elena Geleskul, “The History of the Libyan Nuclear Program: The Reasons for Failure.” In her historical review the author focuses on various aspects of the Libyan nuclear program, open and hidden sources of support to the Gaddafi regime in development of its nuclear energy capacity, and the lessons learned by the international community.

Key words: Libian nuclear program, nuclear disarmament, Gaddafi regime.

BOOK REVIEWS

“Energy at the Edge of War and Peace,” Yevgeny Petelin. “The importance of the energy factor in politics today can hardly be called into question. In the search of new sources of energy import the states use mechanisms of political dialogue and strategic partnership; energy issues are on the agenda of international organizations that have nothing to do with the energy policy at all. How much does the energy affect the military doctrine? How does the energy vulnerability of the state influence the modernization of the army?” asks the author who reviews the book on China's maritime policies and the role of energy recently published in the United States.

Key words: energy security, China, Malacca dilemma, army modernization.

“Free Market in the Times of Economic Challenge,” Seth Kinkade. “The authors depict a comprehensive panorama of successful economic development in nations that built institutions that support entrepreneurship. Furthermore, they posit that any nation can experience rapid and boundless economic growth, if only there is a coordinated system that allows its people to achieve their entrepreneurial potential,” notes Seth Kinkade in his review of Making Poor Nations Rich, a new manifesto of free market.

Key words: financial crisis, market economy, entrepreneurship.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

PIR CENTER ADVISORY BOARD

FINAL QUOTES

On fear and happiness

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