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From the Editor

In his Editorial, Vladimir Orlov speaks about the controversy of the nuclear renaissancephenomenon and the way this debate is reflected in the international expert community. “We have traveled in this issue from A to Z – from peaceful atomic energy to nuclear weapons abolition to complete zero. And we come to the conclusion that peaceful coexistence with nuclear energy is quite possible and even necessary,” he concludes.

Nuclear Energy: A-Z

2008, №85, Security Index

Security Index image
Issue: №85
Text:

SECURITY INDEX

Russian Journal on International Security

FROM THE EDITOR

Nuclear Energy: A-Z

In his Editorial, Vladimir Orlov speaks about the controversy of the nuclear renaissance phenomenon and the way this debate is reflected in the international expert community. “We have traveled in this issue from A to Z – from peaceful atomic energy to nuclear weapons abolition to complete zero. And we come to the conclusion that peaceful coexistence with nuclear energy is quite possible and even necessary,” he concludes.

INTERVIEWS

“One is either first or is out of the market” - Sergey Kiriyenko

In his interview with Security Index, Director General of the Rosatom state corporation comments on the plans of the nuclear industry and Russia's competitive advantages on the world market. “Under the current level of competition, it is impossible to be the second. One is either the first or is out of the market. So in each sphere that we tackle, we should have the ambitious goal of becoming the best,” he maintains.

Nuclear power is a global option - Adnan Shihab-Eldin

In an interview with Security Index, former Acting Secretary General of the OPEC who is now involved in the efforts by the Gulf Cooperation Council to draw up nuclear energy development program speaks about prospects, challenges and potential partners in this area.

“We have common interest in safe and secure nuclear energy development” - Nikolay Spassky 

Deputy Director General of Rosatom evaluates U.S.-Russian relations in the nuclear sphere in the context of the recently signed 123 Agreement.

“Russia and the United States have unique capabilities and responsibilities in the nuclear field” - Daniel A. Russell 

U.S. Charge d'Affaires in Moscow and one of the renowned experts on nonproliferation and nuclear issues Daniel Russell gives an American perspective of bilateral relations in the area of nuclear energy development.

ANALYSES

The Angarsk Project: Enrichment vs. Proliferation - Anton Khlopkov 

In 2005-2007, dozens of initiatives on ensuring the provision of uranium enrichment services and nuclear fuel cycle were put forward in various corners of the world. In the opinion of the PIR Center Executive Director, the Russian proposal to create the Uranium Enrichment Center in Angarsk could provide a new basis for solving several current crises in the area of nonproliferation and prevent new threats from arising in this area, by offering newcomers to nuclear energy an advanced, hi-tech alternative to national uranium enrichment capabilities.

The Nuclear Panda: China in Search of Energy Security - Yevgeny Petelin, Nikita Perfilyev 

China's growing economy has substantial energy requirements. The limitations of hydrocarbon resources, which are linked to the issues of transportation and the environment, have forced China to pay significant attention to the development of nuclear energy. The PIR Center experts evaluate the prospects for the nuclear market, paying particular attention to increasing competition and Russian interests.

Persian Gulf: Atomic Treat or Nuclear Trick? - Roman Ustinov 

In an analysis of the Persian Gulf countries' decision to develop nuclear energy, the author reaches the conclusion that this choice is dictated by the growing electricity needs of all the countries in the region and the likely exhaustion of hydrocarbon resources over the long run. Competition with Iran is a separate issue. The author also examines the potential ways for this initiative to be implemented.

ROUND TABLE

The Nuclear Renaissance: Russia in Global Context - Alexander Chebeskov, Valentin Ivanov, Vladimir Kagramanyan, Alexander Polushkin, Nikolay Ponomarev-Stepnoi, Alexey Ubeev

What are Russia's role and its place in the nuclear renaissance? What are the difficulties that will confront Russia and other countries that bet on nuclear energy, and how can they be overcome? These issues are addressed by expert on nuclear energy system analysis Alexander Chebeskov, Deputy Minister of Atomic Energy (1998-2002) Valentin Ivanov, expert on innovative technologies in nuclear energy Vladimir Kagramanyan, Deputy Director of Rosenergoatom Alexander Polushkin, Vice President of the Kurchatov Institute Academician Nikolay Ponomarev-Stepnoi, and Deputy Head of the Department of External Affairs of Atomstroyexport Alexey Ubeev.

COMMENTARY

The Role of the Nuclear Factor in the Modern World - Roland Timerbaev 

A participant in numerous negotiations in the area of the non-proliferation of nuclear weapons, Ambassador (ret.) and chairman of the PIR Center Executive Board Roland Timerbaev analyzes the significance of the nuclear revolution in the 20th century, which influenced both the military and the economy of the modern world. In his opinion, the nuclear renaissance will highlight the linkages between the military and peaceful atom still further, leading the non-proliferation regime to face new challenges – challenges to which the answers have yet to be discovered.

Nuclear Renaissance and Nonproliferation - Nikolay Ponomarev-Stepnoi, Vladimir Sukhoruchkin

The authors campaign for the quantitative risk assessment with respect to nuclear sector and suggest a set of recommendations on how to strengthen the nonproliferation regime and ensure substantial progress in nuclear energy development.

Warm-up in Geneva - Vladimir Orlov 

At the meeting of the Preparatory Committee for the 2010 NPT Review Conference the parties had a useful warm-up: discussion was focused on substance not procedures and delegations clearly stated their positions. Key actors take time out before real battles which will take place at the next PrepCom in spring 2009 in New York.

Russia's Nuclear Sector Reform: First Results - Anna Belova

Ms. Belova was deeply involved in restructuring of Russia's nuclear energy sector in 2005-2007 and was one of the top advisors and decisionmakers in this area. In the commentary she shares her experience of making a modern business entity out of an inherited huge Soviet nuclear monster. She also gives an insider view of the plans for Rosatom and difficulties that may emerge in the process of corporatization and development of the nuclear industry.

German Nuclear Power: Ahead to the Past or Back to the Future? - Angelica Matveeva

In an era of renewed interest in nuclear power, Germany's choice in favor of a non-nuclear future is an exception. What is the reason for this choice? What are its consequences? Could the decision that has been taken be reconsidered?

The Tokyo-Moscow-Astana Triangle: Strategic Partnership in Nuclear Energy is Inevitable - Taisuke Abiru

This is the considered judgment of the Japanese nuclear energy expert. In an era when the nuclear giants of various states are merging, combining the capabilities of Japan, Russia, and Kazakhstan could result in a new international conglomerate able to compete at the global level.

Central Asia: S.O.S. for Nuclear Zero - Nikolay Sokov

Differences among nuclear weapon states about the nuclear-weapon-free-zone in Central Asia and its support may become a part of a complex multilateral struggle for influence in the region. And positive nonproliferation initiative may eventually fall the victim of such intrigues. However, thorough analysis of the situation indicates that the confrontation is not inevitable and backing of the zone complies with the interests of all members of the nuclear five.

REVIEWS OF WORLD EVENTS: MAY-JULY 2008

The iSi index – a comprehensive index of international security

Growing food prices, the risk of starvation for millions of people and dramatic consequences of natural disasters in Myanmar and China added to political problems and resulted in further decline of the index. Members of the International Expert Group – Konstantin Eggert, Dayan Jayatilleka, Andrey Kortunov, Abdulaziz Sager, and Yevgeny Satanovsky – comment the events.

A View by a Russian Liberal: “Uncertainty Grows” - Yury Fedorov

The inflow of oil dollars makes it possible to ensure the loyalty of elite groups, alleviate social problems and finance state expenditure irrespective of the effectiveness of the bureaucratic system and all those sectors of the economy that are not related to the production and export of oil, gas, and several other natural resources. Consequently, there are no incentives for developing and introducing promising new high technologies, for modernizing the economy, social and political institutions. Not only the authorities but society as a whole has no interest in establishing democratic procedures. As a result, the technological gap between Russia and the advanced countries will grow wider and may in the next few years become irreversible.”

A View by a Russian Conservative: “Electricity Tricks, or Magic Exposed” - Dmitry Evstafiev 

“Any society and any country, as a rule, has a more flattering opinion of its own international prospects than they really are. The question is about the ability to draw the right conclusions from sometimes unpleasant revelations. The most dangerous thing is when foreign policy illusions become a cover for foreign policy irresponsibility, which has for the past several years been the hallmark of the Russian political elite.”

BOOK REVIEWS

Khan Networks: Eyes Wide Shut - Vladimir Orlov 

The book by Corera Gordon on the activities of the A.Q. Khan network is one of the bestsellers of journalistic investigation. “The Cold War is gone now. Some say, so are the dividing lines, and barriers on such issues as terrorism and nonproliferation have long been superseded by cooperation between the United States and Russia. Some say, and it even becomes commonplace, that the two countries will try to prevent any new cases of proliferation as it equally contradicts their core interests. Is it really true? Life is sure to offer new plot lines, and we will try them in practice,” writes Vladimir Orlov.

Missiles That Made the History - Midykhat Vildanov

Among the memoirs and stories of the military devoted to the Strategic Missile Forces the book by Vasily Lata occupies a special place. It is a unique historical analysis of the development of these forces, key politico-military tasks that they accomplished, particularities of service of the author, who took senior posts in this branch in the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union and Russia.

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

PIRCENTER ADVISORY BOARD

FINAL QUOTES

On sand-castles

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