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Security Index journal Editorial Board
Orlov, Vladimir A. image
Orlov, Vladimir A.
  • Position : Special Advisor
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
Evstafiev, Dmitry G. image
Evstafiev, Dmitry G.
  • Position : Professor
  • Affiliation : Department of Integrated Communications, The Higher School of Economics
Fedorov, Yuri image
Fedorov, Yuri
  • Position : PIR Center Executive Board Member and Security Index Editorial Board Member
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
complete list
Security Index Journal Authors
Orlov, Vladimir A. image
Orlov, Vladimir A.
  • Position : Special Advisor
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
Ibragimova Galiya image
Ibragimova Galiya
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
Evstafiev, Dmitry G. image
Evstafiev, Dmitry G.
  • Position : Professor
  • Affiliation : Department of Integrated Communications, The Higher School of Economics
complete list

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2013, №105, Security Index

Security Index image
Issue: №105
Text:

SECURITY INDEX (International Edition)

 NO. 4 (105), Fall 2013

 CONTENTS

FROM THE EDITOR

Preventing the Utter Chaos: the Russian WayVladimir Orlov

“Syriawas the litmus test, the moment of truth. The Americans have played a wicked trick in Iraq. They then repeated it in Libya. And they were not allowed to pull off another such stunt in the Middle East. And who has stopped them? Russia has finally found its strength, and its mission: to stand in the way of utter chaos in the Middle East, and to prevent a complete collapse of the principles of international law on a global scale,” – writes the Editor-in-Chief of the Security Index journal, Vladimir Orlov.

INTERVIEW

Russia as a Balancing Force in International AffairsAleksey Pushkov

Whether and to what extent Russian foreign policy has been a success is a subject of heated debates both in Russia and abroad. Russian policy is being enacted amid a wide range of international challenges and problems, from the situation in Syria to the erosion of the global world order. Reacting to these challenges and problems requires a well-balanced and firm approach, as well as initiative. The Chairman of the Russian State Duma Foreign Affairs Committee Aleksey Pushkov in his interview speaks about Russia’s practical efforts to pursue its national interests and priorities.

A Global Power that Has no Global GoalsVyacheslav Nikonov

In 2013 the new Foreign Policy Concept of the Russian Federation was issued, which aims to achieve new development and security goals. The Chairman of the Committee for Education of the Russian State Duma, a historian and foreign policy expert Vyacheslav Nikonov in his interview covers the questions of Russia’s foreign policy priorities, the prospects and problems of cooperation with the U.S. and China, and the future of security and economic integration in the Asia Pacific region.

Arab Spring Turns Islamic World into Battlefield between Iran and TurkeyMikhail Margelov

From the military coup in Egypt to the protracted civil war in Syria, which has broken all possible rules and required direct intervention by the leading world powers, pressing political crises have created a tangle of problems and contradictions all over the Muslim world. The causes and essence of the transformations taking place are covered in the interview with the Chairman of the Committee for Foreign Affairs at Council of Federation of the Federal Assembly the Russian Federation, the Special Representative of the President for Russia’s cooperation with the African countries, Mikhail Margelov

ANALYSIS

Militarization of the Middle East: Dynamics and Risks (Part I)Natalia Kalinina

The crisis inSyriaand the long-standing general tensions in theMiddle East, compounded by the Arab Spring, draw attention to the region's conventional weapons market, which has been growing rapidly in recent years. The link between the region’s militarization and the ongoing fundamental political shifts could cause unpredictable consequences for the entire planet. The author offers an analytical review of the ongoing Middle Eastern conflicts in connection with the conventional arms market.

The Evolving U.S. Cybersecurity DoctrineDerek Johanson

Since the 2010 public discovery of the Stuxnet virus, cybersecurity has continued to vie for center stage in the global international security dialogue. For the first time in history, in March 2013 cybersecurity risks were declared the leading threat against the United States. However, the legal, military, and international understanding of cybersecurity developed in the U.S. has been anything but unified, and continues to send mixed messages to the global community.

ROUND TABLE

WMD-Free Zone in the Middle East: Obstacles and OpportunitiesSameh Aboul-Enein, Wael Al-Assad, Thomas Countryman, Rose Gottemoeller, Benjamin Hautecouverture, Jeremy Issacharoff, Ayman Khalil, Jaakko Laajava, Vladimir Orlov, William Potter, Sergey Ryabkov, Mohamed Shaker, Ali Asghar Soltanieh, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev, and Mikhail Ulyanov

The establishment of a WMD-free zone in the Middle East is a key international challenge that will largely determine the outcome of the NPT Review Conference in 2015. In addition to the traditional differences, the situation is currently being compounded by the events inEgyptandSyria. The conference could become the first real step towards implementing the decision of the 1995 NPT Review Conference, and strengthen the NPT and the entire nuclear nonproliferation regime. Otherwise, all the achievements of the past 18 years in this area may be called into question.

COMMENTARY

The Bangkok Treaty Protocol: Why still not Signed by P5?Alexander Kolbin

The signing by the nuclear-weapon states of the Protocol that completes the establishment of a nuclear-weapons free zone in Southeast Asia—a region where the United States, Russia, China and India all have major interests—has run up against a host of international political contentions. These include economic and political control over resource-rich offshore areas, disputed territories, and varied approaches to military security.

How to Create a World Financial Community Resilient to Cyber-Espionage and Hacking?William Foster, Hannah Thoreson

What are the actual financial losses suffered by the world financial community from hacking? How much of this was due to the Russian cyber-mafia? Are there really cyberwars between the U.S. and Iran or U.S. and China? And what might be the potential financial impact? The authors comment on the STIX system for automatic structured threat information developed by theU.S. government think tank MITRE and its prospects for U.S.-Russia-China cooperation in cybersecurity.

Iranian Election Results: Change on Horizon?Yulia Sveshnikova, Amir Roknifard

The Iranian presidential election held in June 2013 was won by the moderate candidate, Hassan Rouhani; his victory came as something of a surprise even for his own team. The authors analyze the factors that have brought the centrist candidate to power inIran, won him the support of ordinary Iranians, and secured his backing by the country's Supreme Leader. The question is, will the new Iranian president prove capable of justifying the expectations of his supporters, and of conducting reforms.

REVIEW OF RECENT WORLD EVENTS

International Security Index in June-September 2013: A Season of Political StormsGaliya Ibragimova

The international security situation took a sharp turn for the worse in the summer of 2013 due to the increasingly deadly civil war in Syriaand the threat of U.S.intervention in the conflict. The military coup in Egypthas also contributed to growing instability in the region. The security situation has remained unchanged or even showed some improvement in other parts of the world (North Korea, Mali, Afghanistan) — but that was not enough to outweigh the deterioration elsewhere. Members of the PIR Center International Expert Group – Evgeny Buzhinsky, Sergio Duarte, Pal Dunay, Dayan Jayatilleka, Andrey Kortunov, Abdulaziz Sager, Evgeny Satanovsky, Farkhod Tolipov Mustafa Fetouri, and Konstantin von Eggert – comment on these recent world events.

A New Cold War? Yury Fedorov

Right up to the day when the Russian-U.S. arrangement on Syrian chemical weapons known as “Kerry-Lavrov pact” was settled, relations between Moscow and Washington were progressively degrading into a bitter political confrontation. Many observers opined that President Obama’s refusal to meet Vladimir Putin in September 2013 marked the beginning of a new Cold War. The author comments on recent activity in Russian-U.S. relations.

Institutional Challenges to Global StabilityDmitry Evstafiev

Global stability is institutional phenomena. International consensus on key issues is formed in international institutions. These institutions also constitute the foundation of international law, and they underpin the implementation of international norms. The author argues that the world has clearly entered a period of a fatal crisis of post-bipolar institutions which was entirely predictable, as a natural consequence of the wave of transformations that began years ago.

LIBRARY

BRICS as an Alternative to Western Hegemony – Anastasia Kovaleva

The BRICS are being closely watched, as growing political players, both by developed countries and the developing nations which pin their hopes on multi-vector diplomacy. The article reviews a collection of research papers entitled “Rising BRICS Giants: Their Role in Global Politics and Modernization Strategies” presenting a detailed statistical analysis of the BRICS countries’ shared problems, their international positioning, the distinctive features of their foreign policy, and modernization strategies.

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR

More than Just a Game: Impact of the Ingress Project on the Internet and Security - Vitaly Kabernik

ABOUT THE AUTHORS

SECURITY INDEX ARTICLES IN 2013

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FINAL QUOTES

On Modern Philosophy

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