Chronology

US President Barack Obama spoke in Prague about the readiness to work towards a world without nuclear weapons
05.04.2009

International Security Index iSi

PIR PRESS LOGO

PIR PRESS NEWS

03.04.2020

“In addition to obvious public health consequences, the epidemic of the novel coronavirus in Iran could affect the implementation of the IAEA safeguards agreements. In his article for the Bulletin of Atomic Scientists, Professor George M. Moore of the Middlebury Institute for International Studies at Monterey warns: Iranian authorities may restrict the access of IAEA inspectors to the country under the pretext of combating the spread of infection. Although the IAEA assures that the inspections at nuclear facilities in Iran are carried out in full, the risks, according to Moore, are extremely high. In the absence of convincing information from the sites themselves, the international community (primarily Israel and the United States) will proceed from the most pessimistic scenarios for the development of the Iranian nuclear program” - this is the leitmotiv of the 521st issue of Yaderny Control bulletin.

31.03.2020

On March 12, 2020, a workshop “50 Years after Ratification of the NPT by the Soviet Union and its Entry into Force: Lessons Learned and Prospects for Strengthening of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime” took place. The event was co-sponsored by the PIR Center and the Institute of Contemporary International Studies (ICIS) at the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian MFA.

30.03.2020

The Anniversary XX PIR Center International School on Global Security 2020 extends applications deadline to April 13. The School will take place from 6 to 14 June in Zvenigorod, Moscow region.

Crimean crisis and the nuclear weapons

On December 5, 1994 Ukraine, the USA, Russia and the United Kingdom signed a Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with the accession of Ukraine to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Budapest Memorandum). According to the memorandum Ukraine acquired a nuclear-free status in exchange for a series of guarantees for the sovereignty and security.

The status and relevance of the Budapest Memorandum acquired special significance in late February - early March 2014, in connection with the situation in Crimea, which has not recognized the new government in Kiev and has announced plans to join Russia.

 

Materials:

The US-Russia-Ukraine Trilateral Statement (Moscow, January 14, 1994)

"Presidents Clinton and Yeltsin informed President Kravchuk that the United States and Russia are prepared to provide security assurances to Ukraine.  In particular, once the START I Treaty enters into force and Ukraine becomes a non-nuclear-weapon  state party to the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty  (NPT)"

Full text of the Statement

 

Memorandum on Security Assurances in connection with Ukraine’s accession to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (Budapest, 5 December 1994)

"The United States of America, the Russian Federation, and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, reaffirm their obligation to refrain from the threat or use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of Ukraine, and that none of their weapons will ever be used against Ukraine except in self-defense or otherwise in accordance with the Charter of the United Nations."

Full text of the Memorandum


Excerpts from Russian President Vladimir Putin’s press-conference with Russian journalists on the situation in Ukraine (Moscow, March 4, 2014)

"And if it is a revolution, what does it mean? Then I cannot but agree with some of our experts, who believe that a new state was created in this territory. Just as it was after the collapse of the Russian Empire, after 1917, we saw a new state emerge. And with that state and in respect to the state, we have not signed any binding documents."

Full text


Leading experts discuss the Ukrainian Issue at the Trialogue meeting

"Events of the night from February 21 to 22 changed not only the Russian foreign policy but, to my mind, relations between Russia and the West and deeply influenced international relations. Russia stopped its geopolitical retreat and shifted from passivity, not only in Ukrainian issue, but in its foreign policy generally, to active approach"

Full text of the news article

loading