Chronology

The USSR and China sign an agreement under which the USSR commits to supplying China with an atomic bomb mock-up, missile and relevant technical documentation. The agreement remained unfulfilled and was denounced on June 20, 1959.
15.10.1957
The Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR approves a work plan submitted by the Commission on Uranium Work.
15.10.1940

International Security Index iSi

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PIR PRESS NEWS

21.08.2019

Amb. Roland Timerbaev – a luminary in the field of nonproliferation, an undisputed authority, a great teacher and mentor – has passed away.


27.06.2019

“Autonomous systems are gradually displacing humans from the battlefield, and in many aspects, this can be a boon to the military, who are exposed to less risk. However, at the same time, humans transfer to artificial intelligence (AI) a part of their powers, and consequently a part of their responsibility. According to experts, neural networks will probably never learn to explain their decisions to humans. This can become a serious problem once AI is involved in such areas as intelligence, data analysis, communications and control, scenario development, and in the long run decision making.” – Director of PIR Center’s Emerging Technologies and Global Security Project Vadim Kozyulin.

12.05.2019

“The latest prepcom has two main opposite results: in two weeks it was not possible to reach consensus among the NPT members and agree on the text of recommendations for the 2020 Review Conference, but it was decided to appoint Argentinean diplomat Rafael Mariano Grossi as the Chair of the Review Conference – his formal appointment will take place at the end of 2019," Adlan Margoev, PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director. 

Education on Nonproliferation, Arms Control, and Nuclear Security at the Post-Soviet space

Implementation of the NPT Review Conference 2010 Action Plan, Joint Statement on Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Education delivered at the NPT Review Conference in 2010 Meeting of Main Committee I and recommendations of the United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education 2002

 in

the Russian Federation in 2010 – 2013

In May 2010 Russia, the only nuclear-weapon state, signed the Joint Statement on Disarmament and Non-Proliferation Education delivered at the NPT Review Conference in 2010 Meeting of Main Committee I. That fact marked both the achievements got by Russian institutions in development of non-proliferation education in Russia and other CIS countries and new plans for support of global non-proliferation and disarmament efforts with education, advanced training and enlightenment.

In 2010 – 2013 Russia due to activities of its national universities and NGOs fully implemented its commitments in accordance with Action 22 of the NPT Review Conference 2010 Action Plan to put into practice the recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations (A/57/124) regarding the United Nations study on disarmament and non-proliferation education.

Recommendations contained in the report of the Secretary-General of the United Nations (A/57/124)

Implementation of the recommendations

8. Participation of non-governmental advisers in delegations to the UN disarmament-related meetings

Level of cooperation between the Russian MFA and national NGO and expert community is unprecedentedly high for national and international practice. MFA organizers regular meetings with NGOs, Russian diplomats participate in NGO events. Representatives of NGO (in 2010-2013 – PIR Center’s President Vladimir Orlov) are included into delegations to the NPT Review Conference and other non-proliferation and disarmament-related meetings.

13. Sponsorship of training, fellowships, and awareness programmes

Russian national foundations, including Gorchakov Foundation, Russkiy Mir Foundation, Institute of Civil Society Problems, International Foundation of Technologies and Investments, regional and local authorities (Tomsk, Tyumen) support training programs and publication activities, UN models on non-proliferation and disarmament-related issues, including PIR Center’s International Summer School on Global Security, Tomsk Summer School on non-proliferation, Security Index Journal.

17. Programmes  and workshops for media

Russian governmental organizations as well as NGOs, specialized in disarmament issues, develop contacts with media. Representatives of national media participate in training programmes, including the PIR Center’s Summer School.

21. Distance Learning and Internet

In 2010-2013 key Russian NGOs and universities made an emphasis on development of its distance learning tools. The PIR Center launched the updated version of its educational module. The Urals and Siberian Non-proliferation network launched its web site to keep and develop their community. New site was launched by International Center of Nuclear Education.

22. Development  and dissemination materials in languages other than English.

Key Russian NGOs and universities produce educational materials in the Russian language. These materials are in high demand not only in Russia, but in all CIS countries. Among new materials two textbooks “Nuclear Nonproliferation”, prepared by PIR Center and community of the Urals and Siberian universities (Tomsk, Tyumen, Yekaterinburg). PIR Center’s e-newsletters Yaderny Kontrol (Nuclear Control), Vienna+Geneva, electronic versions of the journal Security Index and other publications illuminate various issues from disarmament and non-proliferation of WMD to energy security and development of nuclear and other high technologies.

23,17,26. Use of full range of pedagogical methods for different professional and age groups

Russian NGOs and universities are creative in implementation of training activities, which are adopted for different professional audiences and age groups. The PIR Center’s training programs for young professionals include simulations, debates, foresights, situational analyses. Tomsk-based Summer School uses actively the method of international negotiations simulations. Two UN Models for university students with emphasis on regional non-proliferation issues are organized in Tyumen and Novosibirsk. Teachers’ association, based in the Urals town of Novouralsk, organizes educational programs for secondary schools.

Successful development of non-proliferation education in Russia and CIS was achieved due to close cooperation between national government, NGOs (PIR Center), academic institutions (IMEMO RAS), Moscow-based and regional universities (MGIMO, Novosibirsk, St. Petersburg, Tomsk, Tyumen, Urals and other universities), their international and foreign partners (Monterey Institute of International Studies, Stockholm Peace Research Institute, MacArthur Foundation, Carnegie Corporation of New York, NTI, Swedish Radiation Safety Authority, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory etc.) as well as international organizations (UN, IAEA, CTBTO, International Science and Technology Center, etc).

PIR Center (The Russian Center for Policy Studies) became the key research NGO that took lead in promotion of education in non-proliferation and disarmament in Russia and CIS. 90 young experts participated at the PIR Center’s main training projects (International Summer School and internship) and more than 300 students at the PIR Center’s classes in 2010 – 2013. One of the key advantages of the PIR Center’s program is selecting and promoting young talents, motivating them to work on non-proliferation and providing opportunities for their professional growth. Participation of the PIR Center’s experts in youth forums, like Seliger 2010 and 2011 allowed PIR Center reaching broad audience of active young people.

One of the key achievements of the recent years is establishment of the Ural and Siberian Non-proliferation Network. One of the participants of the network Tomsk State University (TSU) launched first non-proliferation education programs in 2005. The fifth and the sixth Tomsk summer schools took place in August 2010 and 2012 respectively. In addition to that, TSU held a student conference on non-proliferation in November 2011, as well as two workshops on IAEA safeguards in May 2012 and April 2013. Over 200 young professionals can consider themselves alumni of the Tomsk non-proliferation project. Ural Federal University named after the First President of Russia B.Yeltsin (UrFU) started its educational initiative in non-proliferation in 2002. Currently 90 students annually participate in disarmament and non-proliferation courses within BA and MA programs. E-learning course “Multilateral Verification, Collective Security: The Contribution of the CTBTO” was launched in 2013.  St. Petersburg State University provides a compulsory one-year-long course “Critical Issues of International Arms Control Regimes” as a part of new MA program “Strategic Studies” launched in 2010. Tyumen State University, Novosibirsk State Technical University, Tomsk Polytechnic University, National Nuclear Research University “MEPhI” and other universities organize courses on disarmament and non-proliferation. Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO-University) remains the key Russian university for training of future diplomats, specialized on disarmament and non-proliferation.

In October, 2013 PIR Center and MGIMO University joined forces and launched an ambitious Joint Educational Module Weapons of Mass Destruction Non-proliferation and Global Security within Governance and Global Affairs M.A. Programme. The topics of the Module lectures include non-proliferation, disarmament, nuclear security and other issues.

The lectures of Joint Educational Module are taught in English for students from 11 different countries by top Russian experts. Nowadays PIR Center and MGIMO are working together on establishing the first Russian M.A. program for teaching non-proliferation and disarmament issues.

Today Russia has both the experience and new capabilities that can be used to promote non-proliferation and disarmament education and support the non-proliferation regime globally. 

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