Chronology

The USSR and China sign an agreement under which the USSR commits to supplying China with an atomic bomb mock-up, missile and relevant technical documentation. The agreement remained unfulfilled and was denounced on June 20, 1959.
15.10.1957
The Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR approves a work plan submitted by the Commission on Uranium Work.
15.10.1940

International Security Index iSi

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PIR PRESS NEWS

21.08.2019

Amb. Roland Timerbaev – a luminary in the field of nonproliferation, an undisputed authority, a great teacher and mentor – has passed away.


27.06.2019

“Autonomous systems are gradually displacing humans from the battlefield, and in many aspects, this can be a boon to the military, who are exposed to less risk. However, at the same time, humans transfer to artificial intelligence (AI) a part of their powers, and consequently a part of their responsibility. According to experts, neural networks will probably never learn to explain their decisions to humans. This can become a serious problem once AI is involved in such areas as intelligence, data analysis, communications and control, scenario development, and in the long run decision making.” – Director of PIR Center’s Emerging Technologies and Global Security Project Vadim Kozyulin.

12.05.2019

“The latest prepcom has two main opposite results: in two weeks it was not possible to reach consensus among the NPT members and agree on the text of recommendations for the 2020 Review Conference, but it was decided to appoint Argentinean diplomat Rafael Mariano Grossi as the Chair of the Review Conference – his formal appointment will take place at the end of 2019," Adlan Margoev, PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director. 

International Conference “Emerging Technologies and Global Security: an Agenda for the 21st Century”

 


On September 29, 2016 an International conference “Emerging Technologies and Global Security: an Agenda for the 21st Century” will take place in Moscow.

The rapid development and increasingly common use of information and communications, aerospace, and nuclear technologies create new opportunities to solve social and economic problems, expanding access to energy, information and knowledge. At the same time, the use of emerging technologies for destructive purposes leads to an exacerbation of old threats, as well as to the emergence of the new ones. The creation of new types of weapons that are regulated neither by bilateral nor by multilateral agreements can trigger another arms race.

The aggravation of political relations between Russia and Western countries became an obstacle in the search for optimal solutions. A dialogue on the issues of global security might be an effective to reconstruct the cooperation.

 

Conference Goals and Objectives:

- To advance new initiatives that would bring together different approaches and develop measures to reduce the risk of using emerging technologies, as well as to increase their beneficial uses in the interest of development and global security

- To restore and further develop the dialogue between experts from Russia, the West and other countries on emerging threats and challenges to global security

- To join efforts of the private sector, expert and political communities to come up with the optimal balance between the opportunities and risks of the use of emerging technologies, along with their impact on global security

- To engage young experts in the discussion on the pressing security issues.

   

Participants

PIR Center and the Diplomatic Academy will bring together more than 100 Russian and foreign experts, representing different professional communities and ready to work together on broadening opportunities and reducing the risks of using emerging technologies for ensuring global security. Participants of PIR Center’s International School on Global Security will also take part in the conference.

   

Tentative agenda of the Conference

- Global security and international law within the spheres of emerging technology and political reality

- Challenges to international law: traditional and new tools of regulation

 

Panel 1. Prospects for international cooperation in nuclear energy, nuclear non-proliferation and nuclear security

- How could we deal with the trend of decreasing efficiency of the current multilateral diplomacy formats in the field of nuclear nonproliferation and disarmament?

- What kind of nuclear security regime do we need to effectively counter the terrorist threat?

- How can we guarantee the protection of the critical nuclear infrastructure against cyber attacks?

- What role could the nuclear industry play in the development of the nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security regime?


Panel 2. The role of the government and private sector in the protection of critical infrastructures from global cyber threats

- What are the effective possibilities and limits of international cooperation to secure the information security of critical infrastructures?

- Is it possible to create an international classification of critical infrastructures to enhance the practical effects of international teamwork?

- What is the role of the private sector in the development and implementation of protection standards of critical infrastructures from ICT challenges?

 

Panel 3. Prevention of the placement of weapons in outer space, the threat or use of force against outer space objects – from words to deeds

- How big of a threat does military action in outer space pose for peaceful space activities?

- What kind of legal standards should be in place to enforce/maintain the peaceful nature of outer space?

- How can we ensure the prohibition of the use of force against objects in space, considering the possibility of dual usage of facilities and technologies?

- Are verification mechanisms necessary for the effective implementation of legal standards in outer space?

 

Panel 4. Lethal autonomous weapon systems – myth or real possibilities and threats – political and legal issues

- Robot arms control – security concern or endeavor to limit the competitors?

- Agreeing upon the terms: autonomy, autonomous and automatic systems, lethal autonomous weapon systems (LAWS), artificial intelligence and other concepts in the domain of regulating the proliferation of LAWS, LAWS classification

- Are there enough tools of international humanitarian law to control LAWS? Does IHL provide the Meaningful human control?

- Safety matters: risks of potential incidents, terrorists’ use of LAWS

 

Partners of the Conference

 

 

 


Become a partner of the Conference


Contact information:

Director of PIR Center's Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation Program: Andrey Baklitskiy

E-mail: baklitsky at pircenter.org

Tel: +7 (499) 940 09 83

 

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