Chronology

The Additional Protocol on the IAEA Safeguards comes into force for China.
28.03.2002
The signing of the Agreement between Russia and Kazakhstan on Strategic Nuclear Forces Temporarily Located in the Kazakhstan Territory.
28.03.1994
An accident at the Three Mile Island-2 nuclear power plant in Harrisburg, Pennsylvania (U.S.) results in severe reactor vessel damage.
28.03.1979

International Security Index iSi

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PIR PRESS NEWS

27.03.2020

On March 12, 2020, an extended meeting of the Trialogue Club Internationaltookplace.Its topic was “50 Years after Ratification of the NPT by the Soviet Union and its Entry into Force: Lessons Learned and Prospects for Strengthening of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Regime”

26.03.2020

Verification is a key and indispensable element of nuclear arms control and nuclear disarmament. Any substantive discussion on the future of strategic stability, nuclear arms race limitation, and the prospects for nuclear disarmament becomes pointless if it fails to address verification. To answer the question of what verification should look like in the future, leading Russian and foreign experts analyze the experience of the implementation of bilateral agreements between the Soviet Union/Russia and the United Sates and look at various international mechanisms. For the first time, Russian experts offer a comprehensive assessment of the approaches proposed by the International Partnership for Nuclear Disarmament Verification (IPNDV) and other new initiatives in this field.

18.03.2020

"Coronavirus pandemic (COVID-19) poses a real threat to public safety and well-being. Europe has become the epicenter of the outbreak. The situation in Europe is getting worse by every hour. Although the situation in Russia is yet relatively safe, the fact that the pandemic is raging along the perimeter of Russia’s borders cannot be ignored. Risks for Russia are increasing",  Director of PIR Center Dr. Vladimir A. Orlov.

New Challenges to Nonprolifiration Regime

Course requirements:

Students will be required to attend not less than 90% of classes and to be prepared for class discussions. Conscientious reading of the assigned materials is compulsory. Students will also be required to participate in seminar discussions and to present written test.

Presentations (requirements):

1.1      Grading plan:

  •  Class participation – 25 %.
  •  Seminar presentation and activity – 25 %.
  •  Final test – 50 %.

TOPIC 1. INTRODUCTION TO NUCLEAR SAFETY AND SECURITY

November 21, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Lecture 1.1. Introduction to Nuclear Safety and Security

 

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Describe the definitions, common and different aspects for nuclear and radiation safety and security. Threats and risks. Seeking the synergy between safety and security. State’s responsibility for nuclear security regime. Competent national authorities for nuclear security and coordination.

Essential Readings

 

 

General Readings

Web resources

 

 

TOPIC 2. FROM PHYSICAL PROTECTION TO NUCLEAR SECURITY

November 21, Monday. 19.15 – 20.45

Lecture 2.1. From Physical Protection to Nuclear Security

Prof. Alexander Izmailov

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

  • Summary: Main principles and objectives of physical protection of nuclear materials and nuclear facilities, comprehensive approach to nuclear security: cyber security, nuclear security culture, etc. Russian experience.

Essential Readings

 

 

General Readings

 

 

Web resources

 

Topic 3. INTERNATIONAL LEGAL FRAMEWORK FOR NUCLEAR SECURITY

November 28, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Lecture 3.1. International Legal Framework for Nuclear Security

 

Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Overview of binding and non-binding legal documents dealing with nuclear security. CPPNM and its 2005 Amendment, entry into force and implementation. Recommendations INFCIRC 225/Rev.5: scope and implementation. IAEA Nuclear Security Series.

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

 

 

Web resources

 

November 28, Monday. 19.15 – 20.45

Seminar 3.2. International Legal Framework for Nuclear Security

  • Alexey Ubeev

Main questions of the seminar: Discussion on conventions, recommendations and other legal documents governing nuclear security on international and national levels. Short presentations of participants on the subject.

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

 

 

Web resources

 

Topic 4. NUCLEAR AND RADIOLOGICAL TERRORISM: THREATS AND RESPONSES

December 5, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Lecture 4.1. Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism: Threats and Responses

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Identification of threats, measures to protect, detect nuclear and other radioactive materials within or out of regulatory control during the use, storage and transport. Combat illicit trafficking. Response to malicious acts. Emergencies. International cooperation and initiatives to combat nuclear terrorism. UN SC Resolution 1540. Global Initiative to combat nuclear terrorism (GICNT).

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

  • William H. Tobey, Pavel S. Zolotarev. The Nuclear Terrorism Threat. Presentation, Meeting of the 2014 Nuclear Security Summit Sherpas, Thailand, 2014

 

Web resources

 

 

December 5, Monday. 19.15 – 20.45

Seminar 4.2. Nuclear and Radiological Terrorism: Threats and Responses

 

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Participants would make short presentations on the subject and with instructor discuss the issue. Practical exercise on threat assessment.

 

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

 

Web resources

 

Topic 5. NUCLEAR SECURITY SUMMITS: LESSONS LEARNED

December 12, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Lecture 5.1. Nuclear Security Summits: Lessons Learned

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Background and actualities of Nuclear Security Summits. Moscow 1996 G8 Nuclear Safety and Security Summit. NS Summits 2010, 2012, 2014, and 2016 - Brief comments on results. What’s next? Russian approach.

Essential Readings

 

General Readings

 

Web resources

Topic 6. IAEA'S SAFEGUARDS SYSTEM: NEW DIRECTIONS FOR 21ST CENTURY

December 12, Monday. 19.15 – 20.45

Lecture 6.1. IAEA's Safeguards System: New Directions for 21st Century

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Introduction to IAEA Safeguards system: background, approaches, types of SG agreements, verification technical measures and tools. Planning, conducting and evaluating safeguards activities. IAEA safeguards as an essential component of the international security system. How it serves for Nonproliferation goals. Optimizing IAEA Safeguards.

Essential Readings

 

  • Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol. IAEA INFCIRC 153 (corrected), INFCIRC 540 (corrected).

General Readings

 

Web resources

 

 

December 19, Monday. 17.35 – 19.05

Seminar 6.2. IAEA's Safeguards System: New Directions for 21st Century

Dr. Alexey Ubeev

Summary: Discussion on different types of Safeguards Agreements: scopes and implementation. Short participant’s presentation on this matter.

Optimization of verification measures.

Essential Readings

  • Comprehensive Safeguards Agreement and Additional Protocol. IAEA INFCIRC 153 (corrected), INFCIRC 540 (corrected).

 

 

General Readings

 

Web resources

 

Final Test

 

Examples of questions

 

  1. 1.      What do the IAEA Safeguards serve for?

 

  1. Verification that nuclear facilities are not misused and nuclear material is not diverted from peaceful uses
  2. Guarantee of safe and secure use of nuclear energy
  3. Legal backing for new NPPs construction
  4. All of the above

 

  1. 2.      Nuclear security by the IAEA definition is:

 

  1. Prevention and detection of, and response to, theft, sabotage, unauthorized access, illegal transfer or other malicious acts involving nuclear material, other radioactive substances or their associated facilities
  2. Achievement of proper operating conditions, prevention of accidents and mitigation of accident consequences, resulting in protection of workers, the public and the environment from undue radiation hazards
  3. None of the above
  4. Both 1 and 2

 

 

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