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“A world without nuclear weapons is a long-term goal which we need to start working towards right now. It is possible that at some point in the future...

The immense majority of countries and peoples stand for a nuclear-weapons-free world. The Russian Federation shares this noble goal.

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Since Barack Obama administration took office in 2009, it has put considerable effort into placing nuclear disarmament and nonproliferation at the center of the U.S. nuclear policy. In April 2009 in Prague American president delivered a speech where he called for complete elimination of nuclear weap...

Various ideas for establishing a nuclear weapons-free zone in the Middle East were first voiced in the early 1960s. Nevertheless, negotiations on establishing a WMD-free zone in the region remain very far from conclusion. The establishment of a WMD-free zone in the Middle East was part of the 1995 N...

The fast moving controversial developments in the Middle East and North Africa seem to be sidelining the search for responses to some fundamental security challenges in the region. This refers, among many other issues, to the discussion of steps for the preparation and successful conduct of this yea...

Dear Tom,

It is a pleasure to have the chance to correspond with you, and I am grateful to the Security Index for this exchange. I am looking forward to hearing your thoughts on whether a policy of nuclear disarmament is appropriate within the current international security climate.

For my part, I a...

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  • Affiliation : Professor, Major General (retired), Chief Research Associate, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations (IMEMO)
  • Affiliation : Lecturer, General Physics Department, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology
  • Affiliation : Director, Moscow Office, John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation
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Seminar "Further Steps towards a Nuclear-Weapons-Free World: a View from Russia" 27.10.2011

On October 27, 2011 PIR Center in cooperation with the Swiss Embassy in Moscow under the auspices of Moscow office of MacArthur Foundation held a seminar “Further Steps towards a Nuclear-Weapons-Free World: a View from Russia”. The seminar was held within the frame of PIR Center projects Ways towards Nuclear Disarmament and The Future of the NPT and the Russian Interests.

Participants of the seminar aimed to answer the question of how Russia and other nuclear states put into effect provisions of the Action plan adopted within the frame of conclusive document of the NPT Review Conference of 2010 with regard to the part concerning nuclear disarmament issues.

As Deputy Chief of Swiss Mission Stefan Estermann pointed out in his opening address, «We already have a good basis for progress in multilateral nuclear disarmament, the NPT of course... The NPT and the NPT Action Plan adopted at the last NPT Review Conference in 2010 are extremely important. These 64 Actions aimed at strengthening the implementation of the three pillars of the Non Proliferation Treaty are of particular importance, especially because they are a baseline accepted by the P5.

Switzerland together with partners including those from civil society (the Geneva Center for Security Policy and the Reaching Critical Will NGO) has launched a process to monitor the implementation of the NPT Action Plan. The goal is to get solid ground for the next NPT review process beginning in April 2012».

At the same time it is very difficult to speak about concrete terms when it comes to the future of nuclear disarmament. According to Member of PIR Center Advisory Board, major general Vladimir Dvorkin, «it would be a rash decision to link the nuclear disarmament process directly to an exact date while it is hardly possible even to make forecasts about the first steps on this way.  We can hardly anticipate when the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty comes into effect despite the commitment demonstrated by Obama's administration. The situation with the Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty is even more unclear. It is still unknown when the North Korean and Iranian nuclear crises lasting for many years could be settled. Finally there are in fact key actors having crucial determining impact on the flow of nuclear nonproliferation processes – Russia and the USA, and it is difficult at the moment to forecast positive development of further nuclear dialogue between them”.

Official Russian position was voiced by First Secretary of the Security and Disarmament Department of the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs Andrey Malyugin: «One should keep in mind that Russia and the USA are not the only states possessing nuclear arsenals. Besides the issue of engagement of nuclear states out of the NPT in nuclear disarmament process is becoming more and more topical.

States involved in disarmament process will unlikely peacefully watch other states not bound by treaty commitments continuing to expand their nuclear arsenals».

Reports within the frame of the seminar were also made by the PIR Center President Vladimir Orlov, officer of the Department of international military cooperation of Ministry of Defense Dmitry Zaporozhets, director of the Center for Arms Control, Energy and Environmental Studies Evgeny Myasnikov.

 Materials:

 Andrey Malyugin - Outlook for Nuclear Disarmament: a View from Moscow

Stefan Estermann - Further Steps towards a Nuclear-Weapons-Free World

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