Experts

  • Affiliation : Center for Strategic Studies under the President of the Republic of Azerbaijan
  • Affiliation : Dean of Academic Programs, Masdar Institute of Science and Technology
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
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Comprehensive Agreement on the Iranian Nuclear Program in the Regional Context

14.07.2015

MOSCOW, JULY 14, 2015.  PIR PRESS – “The SCO can provide a soft regional security umbrella on the eastern and northern borders of Iran. It is not a military bloc, and there are no military commitments, but the high level of economic interdependence of the SCO countries does not allow the territory of any of its members to be used to threaten the security of other members”, – PIR Center Director Albert Zulkharneev.

On July 14, 2015, a comprehensive agreement on the Iranian nuclear program was reached in Vienna.  It took two additional weeks for Iran and the P5+1 to agree on the outcome document consisting of 159 pages.

The comprehensive agreement on the Iranian nuclear program should eliminate the threat of weaponization of Iranian nuclear program and bring the country out of the international isolation. Neighbors of Tehran will need to search for new strategies in the changing regional order.

During the round table discussion “Comprehensive Agreement on the Iranian Nuclear Program in the Regional Context” (in Russian), PIR Center Director Albert Zulkharneev (Russia), Leading Research Fellow of the Foreign Policy Analysis Department at the Center for Strategic Studies under the President of Azerbaijan, Heydar Mirza (Azerbaijan), Professor of the Yildiz Technical University Department of Political Science and International Relations, Özden Zeynep Oktav (Turkey), Senior Researcher at the Al-Ahram Center for Political and Strategic Studies, Eman Ahmed Ragab (Egypt), and Dean of Academic Programs of the Masdar Institute of Science and Technology, Youssef Shatilla (UAE) discussed the challenges that the regional governments are facing and possible strategies to address them.

According to the experts, the comprehensive agreement on the Iranian nuclear program will open new possibilities for regional cooperation. PIR Center Director Albert Zulkharneev believes that Iran’s accession to the Shanghai Cooperation Organization will be an important part of the region’s new security framework: “The SCO can provide a soft regional security umbrella on the eastern and northern borders of Iran. It is not a military bloc, and there are no military commitments, but the high level of economic interdependence of the SCO countries does not allow the territory of any of its members to be used to threaten the security of other members.”

However, the agreement signed by Iran and the P5+1 will not put an end to the rivalry in the region. As Özden Zeynep Oktav put it, “the conclusion of the comprehensive agreement will probably push Turkey to focus more on the level of Iran’s nuclearisation and weapon intentions. Given the current mistrust between Turkey and Iran due to the deployment of the missile defense system under NATO’s command across Turkish territory and of the early warning radar system in Malatya Kürecik, it is certain that rivalry between Turkey and Iran at the security level will continue in the near future”.

The full text of the round table discussion is available on the PIR Center site (in Russian).

The round table discussion was based on the report “Iran in the Regional and Global Perspective” prepared by the PIR Center and the Strategic Studies Network.

The PIR Center is closely following the talks on the Iranian nuclear program as a part of its project “Iranian Nuclear Program: Russia’s Interests.”

Please direct questions relating to the project to PIR Center “Russia and Nuclear Non-Proliferation” Program Director Andrey Baklitskiy by phone +7 (495) 987 19 15 or via email baklitsky at pircenter.org.   

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