Experts

  • Position : Associate professor , Head of Center for Applied Political-Military Research
  • Affiliation : School of World politics, M.V.Lomonosov Moscow State University
  • Position : Consultant
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs of the Russian Federation
  • Affiliation : Russian Foreign Ministry
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Sergey Ryabkov on the Comprehensive Agreement with Iran for the Trialogue Club International

17.07.2015

MOSCOW, JULY 17, 2015. PIR PRESS – «As to exchanges or deals on the issues not directly linked to the Iranian negotiations, my answer is negative. The United States did not propose us anything like that. Moreover, I do not believe that the United States could have done anything like that or we could have considered any deal like that», – Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation Sergey Ryabkov.

On July 16, 2015, a regular meeting of the Trialogue Club International on “The outcomes of negotiations on Iranian Nuclear Program in the regional and global context” took place. The keynote speaker was Sergey Ryabkov, Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation in charge of Iranian negotiations.

Diplomats from Canada, Czech Republic, France, Germany, Israel, Italy, Kazakhstan, Malaysia, Norway, Philippines, Romania, Switzerland, as well as representatives of Institute of World Economy and International Relations at the Russian Academy of Sciences, MGIMO University, Center of political Analyses and Information Security and other experts and journalists took part at the meeting. The members of the Club, namely Chairman of the Executive Board of PIR Center Evgeny Buzhinsky and Director of PIR Center Albert Zulkharneev moderated the meeting.

Sergey Ryabkov spoke on the historical background of the talks and outlined future steps necessary for the implementation of the deal: “The United States submitted a draft resolution to the Security Council.  This resolution was developed in parallel to the talks by the same team of negotiators. It seeks to endorse and give legal force to the Joint comprehensive plan of action.  Together with the resolution a statement from the P5+1 is going to be adopted, which specifies the common understanding of the steps which have to be taken. I do not think that it is going to take long before it is adopted, because it was co-sponsored by the permanent members of the Security Council and Germany.  Iran also supports this resolution”.

After the adoption of the Joint comprehensive plan of action, diplomats and experts still have to work out a number of issues, including the reconfiguration of Arak reactor; reconstruction of the Enrichment Plant in Fordow; and removal of enriched uranium surplus from Iran.

 «We have this general framework and we have an understanding of who’s going to be responsible for what, and also the dependence, the interaction between different steps, but there is still no feasibility study of the reactor’s reconfiguration, there are no commercial contracts on the shipment of nuclear material. Everything that could have been done without violating the existing sanction regime has been done. To move further, we have to rescind the resolutions and then negotiations are going to start on the substance of the issue. Regarding the uranium stockpiles, in essence, it will be a swapping deal where the Iranian material will be taken out by Russia in exchange for an equivalent quantity of natural uranium, which then Tehran will use in the course of their work according to JCPoA. The most probable outcome of this effort will be that the Iranian material will become part of the International Fuel Reserve arrangement in Angarsk», – said Deputy Foreign Minister of the Russian Federation.

Answering the questions on steps, which might support the sustainability of the agreement with Tehran, Sergey Ryabkov noted Iranian cooperation in the framework of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty could be useful, “Iran might allow connecting the existing station under international monitoring system to the headquarters in Vienna.  Iran will never, I believe, produce a device that should be tested, but the very fact that they may eventually connect the station on their soil to the international system would send the right message and also add to independent capability to see what is going on in this area”. 

During questions and answers session, Deputy Mister refuted rumors concerning unofficial arrangements between Russia and the USA, “As to exchanges or deals on the issues not directly linked to the Iranian negotiations, my answer is negative. The United States did not propose us anything like that. Moreover, I do not believe that the United States could have done anything like that or we could have considered any deal like that”.

Sergey Ryabkov noted the relevance of expert activities of Russian nongovernmental centers and PIR Center in particular: “the Foreign Ministry of the Russian Federation as always emphasized the importance of cooperation with PIR Center. We have always perceived that it was very important and we have never doubted the highest qualification of the specialist and the researchers who are working at this Center and dealing with these issues. The proposals, assessments, and considerations have been taken into account and will be taken into account in future”.

The full text of the Joint comprehensive plan of action is available at the PIR Center website

With questions on the membership in the Trialogue Club International please, contact the Club Team by phone: +7 (985) 764-98-96 or email: secretary at trialogue-club.ru

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