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Nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security in the new technological and political reality

26.10.2016

MOSCOW. OCTOBER 26, 2016. PIR-PRESS – “Emerging technologies shall contribute to sustainable developments if managed in a responsible manner. The International instruments and conventions are useful in this regard if they are implemented in nondiscriminatory manner. Nuclear safety and security are global concerns thus requiring collective approach without political motivations”, – Advisor to the Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Asghar Soltanieh.

On September 29, “Nuclear nonproliferation and nuclear security in the new technological and political reality” was discussed within the PIR Center and the Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry International Conference “Emerging Technologies and Global Security: an Agenda for the 21st Century”.

Among the speakers at the section were Chairman of the UN Secretary General's Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters and Head of the Centre for Non-Trraditional Security Studies, Nanyang Technological University Mely Caballero-Anthony, Acting Head of the Export Control Laboratory, I. I. Leypunsky Institute of Physics and Power Engineering Gennady Klochko, Assistant to the Chairman of the Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service of Russia Boris Krupchatnikov, Head of the Center for Global Trends and International Organizations, Diplomatic Academy of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Special Advisor to PIR Center Vladimir Orlov,  and,  Advisor to the Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Asghar Soltanieh. The discussion was moderated by the director of the “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program of PIR Center Andrey Baklitskiy.

Participants noted that with development of the nuclear energy in the countries-newcomers there is a need for them to have a high level of nuclear safety and nuclear security. Such countries are interested in this and it opens opportunities for mutually beneficial cooperation with the countries-exporters of technologies.

Mely Caballero-Anthony stressed that DPRK nuclear program and Fukushima-1 nuclear accident led to the increasing interest in nuclear security in South-East Asia. One of the results of this was a creation of the ASEANTON (ASEAN Network of Regulatory Bodies on Atomic Energy) – organizations-regulators network of the ASEAN countries in the field of nuclear energy that actively cooperates with dedicated international organizations.

Advisor to the Head of the Atomic Energy Organization of Iran Ali Asghar Soltanieh also outlined the interest in deepening international cooperation in the field of nuclear security.  “Emerging technologies shall contribute to sustainable developments if managed in a responsible manner. The International instruments and conventions are useful in this regard if they are implemented in nondiscriminatory manner. Nuclear safety and security are global concerns thus requiring collective approach without political motivations”, – stated Ali Asghar Soltanieh.

Boris Krupchatnikov noted that the Federal Environmental, Industrial and Nuclear Supervision Service of Russia (Rostechnadzor) is actively cooperating with the countries-newcomers in the framework of inter-agency agreements with the national regulatory authorities on cooperation in the field of regulation of nuclear and radiation safety. In particular, Rostechnadzor assists in the development of the regulatory framework in the field of nuclear energy transfer licensing and supervisory practices, as well as helping in the development of the regulatory authority competencies.

Acting Head of the Export Control Laboratory of the State Corporation "Rosatom" Gennady Klochko explained the challenges that export control system faces. For example, the technology of additive manufacturing allows producing individual items of equipment included in the checklists, without crossing borders and laser uranium enrichment are characterized by low materials intensity and high efficiency of separation.

Advisor to PIR Center and member of the UN Secretary General’s Advisory Board on Disarmament Matters Vladimir Orlov presented recommendations of the Board on the priorities in the spheres of disarmament and nonproliferation. In particular, he emphasized the threats from cyber-attacks against nuclear and biological facilities infrastructure, as well as the danger of the beginning of the long-range conventional weapons arms race, including those using hypersonic technologies.

To find the answer to all of the above-mentioned questions and to foster the effective intergovernmental dialogue on relevant international platforms (e.g. Nuclear Suppliers Group, the Zangger Committee, disarmament forums) it is necessary to thoroughly and comprehensively discuss them, as well as prepare scientific papers with participation of state bodies and experts.

The presentations and the texts of statements by participants of conference are available on the website http://conference2016.pircenter.org

For questions on the “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program of PIR Center please contact Program Director Andrey Baklitskiy
by telephone +7 (495) 987 19 15 or via email 
[email protected].

 

 



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