Experts

  • Position : Founder & Director
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
  • Position : Coordinator, Information & Publications Program, Yaderny Kontrol editor
  • Affiliation : PIR Center
complete list

The Security Index Occasional Paper Series came out with a paper "NATO nuclear sharing arrangements and the question of compliance with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons" by Nikita Degtyarev and Vladimir Orlov

10.07.2020

MOSCOW. JULY 10, 2020. PIR PRESS. The Security Index Occasional Paper Series came out with a paper "NATO nuclear sharing arrangements and the question of compliance with the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons" by Nikita Degtyarev and Vladimir Orlov.

The article analyzes NATO nuclear sharing arrangements and examines the history of the concept of nuclear sharing, based on archival documents, and its practical implementation at the present stage. The authors pay special attention to the positions of the countries in whose territory American tactical nuclear weapons are stored, as well as to the speeches of countries against nuclear sharing at the PrepComs of the Review Conference. In conclusion, recommendations for Russia in working on this issue are voiced.

Key findings:

  • Although the Soviet Union softened its stance on the creation and adoption of the NPT, it did not completely refuse that NATO’s joint nuclear missions contradict the idea of the nonproliferation of nuclear weapons.
  • Russia began to oppose NATO nuclear sharing arrangements only after its nuclear weapons were deployed only on Russian national territory.
  • There are about 150 US tactical nuclear bombs B61 in Europe. Six US nuclear weapons facilities are deployed in five countries: Belgium, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, and Turkey.
  • The United States cooperates with NATO members in the development of NATO nuclear policy, holds meetings and joint nuclear military exercises, stores B61 bombs in European countries, but it depends only on the United States whether these bombs will be used.
  • The American side states that NATO’s nuclear agreements preceded the NPT and were taken into account when concluding the treaty. Western countries do not see the contradictions between nuclear sharing and the NPT.
  • NATO member states are not always united on the deployment of American nuclear weapons in Europe.
  • In addition to Russia, NATO nuclear sharing arrangements concern states and groups of states representing different regions of the world: the Non-Aligned Movement, Iran, Kazakhstan, China, Cuba, Syria, the Philippines, and South Africa.
  • Russian diplomacy still has an important area of work in promoting Russian positions on NATO nuclear sharing arrangements among its partners and especially among its allies.


Read (in Russian)

Comments

 
 
loading