Chronology

The 1994 Convention on Nuclear Safety enters into force for the U.S.
10.07.1999
South Africa joins the NPT Treaty as a non-nuclear weapons state.
10.07.1991

International Security Index iSi

PIR PRESS LOGO

PIR PRESS NEWS

10.07.2020

The article analyzes NATO nuclear sharing arrangements and examines the history of the concept of nuclear sharing, based on archival documents, and its practical implementation at the present stage. The authors pay special attention to the positions of the countries in whose territory American tactical nuclear weapons are stored, as well as to the speeches of countries against nuclear sharing at the PrepComs of the Review Conference. In conclusion, recommendations for Russia in working on this issue are voiced.

09.07.2020

“Training in the morning frees rest of the day - this is our general rule,” – Irina Mironova, senior specialist at Gazprom, senior lecturer of international programs at European University at St. Petersburg, and Dmitry Kovchegin, independent consultant.

08.07.2020

“When students, aspiring to become diplomats, ask me whom they should regard as a role model, I say “Sergei Ryabkov”. You demonstrate such a unique combination of perseverance when it comes to defending national interests, openness to a dialogue, gentleness, intelligence, flair erudition, considerable professional expertise and an innate curiosity, inherent in young spirits, coupled with an endearing charm. Happy anniversary!” – Vladimir Orlov, PIR Center Director and MGIMO Professor.

Working group on the NPT Review Process

Third meeting of the US-Russian Working Group on the NPT Review Process took place in Geneva, Switzerland. The event entitled “US-Russian Dialogue on the NPT Review Process: Lessons Learned (1970-2017) and Steps Ahead (2018-2020)” was organized by Centre russe d’etudes politiques, Geneve in partnership with PIR Center, Moscow, and James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies, Monterey (CNS). The meeting brought together 19 experts, including former and current high-level statesmen and diplomats, as well as young researchers focused on US-Russian relations and nonproliferation issues.

The meeting was moderated by Co-Chairs of the Working Group Dr. Vladimir Orlov, Founder and Special Advisor to PIR Center, Professor of Moscow State Institute of International Relations (MGIMO), and Prof. William Potter, Director of CNS and Professor at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey. The Working Group had Dr. Alexei Arbatov, Head of the Center for International Security, Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations, Gen. Evgeny Buzhinsky, Chairman of the PIR Center Executive Board, Thomas Countryman, Chair of the Board of the Arms Control Association, Alexander Deineko, Deputy Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the United Nations Office and other International Organizations in Geneva, Lewis Dunn, Independent Consultant, Gleb Efremov, Director General of the International Uranium Enrichment Center, Robert Einhorn, Senior Fellow at the Brookings InstitutionYuri Nazarkin, Professor of the Geneva School of Diplomacy and International Relations, member of Centre russe d’etudes politiques,  Nikolai Sokov, Senior Fellow of CNS, Gen. Vyacheslav Trubnikov, the Primakov National Research Institute of World Economy and International Relations Board Member, among its members.

The agenda of the meeting featured two main components: history of US-Soviet/Russian cooperation on nonproliferation and its lessons for the current generation, and dynamics of the 2020 NPT review cycle and recommendations for the 2018 Preparatory Committee Session in Geneva. For the historic part of the agenda, several research papers were submitted for discussion. The papers covered a variety of issues that were subject of US-Soviet/Russian dialogue: nuclear nonproliferation in South Asia, the Iranian nuclear program, START Treaty, Articles I & II of the NPT, Multilateral Nuclear Force in Europe and nuclear sharing, among others. The papers are available on PIR Center’s webpage dedicated to the “US-Russian Dialogue on Global Security” project.

An insightful part of the event was a keynote speech by Russian Senator, Deputy Head of the Federation Council’s Committee on Foreign Affairs Amb. Sergey Kislyak who shared his account of the current state of US-Russian relations and their implications on the nonproliferation regime. Former Ambassador of the Russian Federation to the United States noted that the United States “deprived itself of a very able partner that was potentially available for working together” on many issues that could unite the two countries. PIR PRESS covered this luncheon in its February 6 issue.

PIR Center’s “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director Mr. Adlan Margoev emphasized one lesson he could draw from the meeting: “The United States and Russia have managed to cooperate on nonproliferation even amid grave political crises since such cooperation always was and remains indispensable to the preservation and success of the nonproliferation regime. Whenever the two countries, divided by broader political disagreements, failed to compartmentalize their relations and keep nonproliferation dialogue intact, they would also fail to achieve common nonproliferation-related goals, something they cannot allow to happen today.”

However gloomy the situation seems to be now, there are identifiable ways to enhance US-Russian cooperation in the field of nonproliferation. This sentiment was shared by most participants of the meeting, including Senior Research Associate and Project Manager at CNS Ms. Sarah Bidgood who highlighted the role that the younger generation could play in the years to come: “The current generation of practitioners grew up during the Soviet Union when, even though arms control was successful, Russian and American university students did not interact with each other the way they do now. I do think when these students are in policy-making positions, whether in government or NGOs, it will be a huge advantage that they will have known each other for several years. They will understand each other’s positions on many issues in a way that their predecessors would not when they were young. From that standpoint, I do think that is an extra tool and advantage that we have, but on the other hand, there are only a select few of us on both American and Russian sides who are working in this environment under the current political constraints, so I worry that we are going to have our work cut out for us.”

For questions regarding the US-Russian Working Group on the NPT Review Process, please contact “Russia and Nuclear Nonproliferation” Program Director Adlan Margoev by phone +7 (495) 987 19 15 or via e-mail margoev at pircenter.org.

loading