The Soviet Union signs Additional Protocol II to the Treaty for the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons in Latin America (Tlatelolco Treaty).
The test of the Indian nuclear explosive device; power yield 10 to 20 kilotons.
The Treaty on the Prohibition of the Emplacement of Nuclear Weapons and Other Weapons of Mass Destruction on the Sea-Bed, the Ocean Floor, and in the Subsoil Thereof comes into force.



While most of the countries remain concentrated on the Ukrainian crisis, there is a possibility of another crisis at the different edge of Eurasia. The potential troublemaker is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea and its nuclear missile program, which has somewhat revived in recent times.


Negotiations to return to Iranian nuclear deal in recent weeks have noticeably stalled. The main reason for this is the discrepancy between the positions of Tehran and Washington on the status of the Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps, which is extremely important for Iran both from a military and economic point of view. On this background, external players interested in the restoration of the deal became more active. First of all, this concerns the monarchies of the Persian Gulf.


The military situation in Europe against the backdrop of the ongoing Russian special operation in Ukraine remains tense. On May 1, joint exercises Defender Europe and Swift Response began in Poland and eight other NATO countries. These exercises said to be last until May 26. Up to 18 thousand servicemen from the USA, Great Britain, France, Germany, Sweden and other countries will take part in them.


On April 28, the 113th Spring Session of the Trialogue Club International took place. It was dedicated to the topic “Hot Spring of 2022: Introduction to A New Global Insecurity, where the Ukraine events of early 2022, its potential consequences and future situation were discussed.

Roadmap for Russia – U.S. Cooperation 2019

November 19, 2019 PIR Center together with the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS) held a teleconference between students of the Duel Degree Program in WMD Nonproliferation Studies.

Students of the third and fourth cohorts presented a roadmap for the U.S.-Russia dialogue on the NPT Review Process. Third cohort students made presentations from Monterey, and fourth cohort students presented from Moscow.

Teleconference participants discussed possible options for cooperation between Russia and the United States for the successful Review Conferences 2020 and 2025, as well as highlighted the main challenges to the nuclear nonproliferation regime. Students were divided into three working groups in accordance with the three pillars of the international nuclear nonproliferation regime: “nonproliferation”, “disarmament” and “peaceful uses of nuclear energy”. A representative from each group made a presentation on their aspect and was evaluated by members of other groups and colleagues from another side of the telebridge.

 The roadmap is meant to answer two questions: 

1. What should Russia and the United States do immediately to strengthen the NPT regime? 

2. What should Russia and the United States do in the mid-term perspective to address the key challenges to the NPT and its three pillars?